Qoob loo ntau lawm

Raspberry ntau yam Brusuvian: yam ntxwv thiab cultivation agrotechnology

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Nyob rau hauv cov lus teb hais txog raspberry Brusuvanyan rau ntawm forums, gardeners nrog tej yam txaus siab hais lus tsuas yog hais txog cov tawm los thiab zeem muag ntawm ntau yam, thaum qee yam vim tsis hais txog nws cov shortcomings.

Peb tau txiav txim siab los saib xyuas qhov no los ntawm kev rov qab saib xyuas qhov kev zoo ntawm kev coj noj coj ua.

Yug me nyuam

Vim tias qhov kev tshawb nrhiav qhov tseeb, peb pom peb tus kheej hauv lub zos Kostovtsy, uas yog nyob rau thaj tsam Zhytomyr. Nws nyob ntawd, nyob rau thaj tsam ntawm ntau tshaj 30 hectares, ib qho chaw loj loj me me chaw zov me nyuam mus rau lub tuam txhab "Brusviana" tau kis. Tag nrho cov teb ntawm raspberry remontant ntau yam uas hu lub qab ntug tau ua tim khawv rau qhov tseeb tias lawv paub ntau txog cov agrotechnology ntawm cultivating horticultural qoob loo, lawv xav tau thiab whims. Thiab tag nrho cov no ua liaj ua teb belongs rau tsev neeg ntawm Vladimir thiab Liliana Dmitrievs, uas yog cov founders ntawm tib lub npe limited lub tuam txhab thiab raspberry ntau yam.

Koj puas paub? Tsiaj qus raspberry fab tau tshwm sim nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua koob thib 3 BC. e. Nws tshwm sim rau lub koog pov txwv ntawm Crete, thaum Pliny tus Txwj Laug tau hla kev tawm tsam thiav ntses nrog qab zib qab zib. Nyob rau hauv ib ncig ntawm Kievan Rus, thawj raspberry Berry twb pw thaum lub sij hawm tus muaj zog ntawm lub Grand Duke ntawm Kiev Vladimir Monomakh. Thiab nws tus thib rau tub, Yuri Dolgoruky, puas tau nws.

"Qhov tsis tuaj yeem nyob hauv lub Xeev Sau npe ntawm cov kabmob txaij ntau dua, uas yuav ua rau yus lub cev thaum ntxov, ua kom ntev, zoo kawg thiab kev thauj zoo thiab zoo siab, ua rau kuv xav txog kev cog qoob loo ntau yam," tus tswv ntawm Brusvian LLC rov qab pib ua haujlwm hauv kev xaiv ua haujlwm. Raws li nws, thaum lub sij hawm botanists ntawm nyob sib ze Poland thiab Russia yuav khav ntawm xws li ntau yam, tab sis Ukraine yog qab nyob rau hauv no hais txog. Tag nrho cov kev sim sau npe ua hauj lwm ntawm Lavxias teb sab breeders twb unsuccessful. Yog li ntawd, tus xav ua kom tiav cov vaj txiv twb tsis muaj kev xaiv, tab sis mus lees paub cov creation ntawm ib yam dab tsi tshiab thiab cia siab.

Ua hauj lwm rau qhov kev paub txog ntawm kev npau suav pib xyoo 1993 thiab tau ua ntev ntev txog 15 xyoo. Los ntawm hla lub Polish ntau yam Poran dew thiab Lavxias raspberry ntau yam uas tau nrov thaum lub sij hawm, tus sau refined tus tshiab zoo rau perfection. Yog li ntawd, nws tau txais ib qho me ntsis qoob loo cog nrog ib tug, tsis prickly, qia, loj thiab six txiv hmab txiv ntoo uas nws tsis tawm hauv Bush kom txog rau thaum nruab nrab lub Cuaj Hli.

Koj puas paub? Raspberry txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm lwm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo ua nyob rau hauv tus nqi ntawm hlau nyob rau hauv cov composition. Cosmetologists hais tias niaj hnub noj ntawm liab ntau yam ntawm berries muaj txhawb rau rejuvenation ntawm cov ntshav, uas muaj ib tug zoo ntxim rau tawv xim. Thiab narcologists hais tias ib khob ntawm raspberry yuav txo cov tsos mob ntawm hangover.

Nyob rau hauv 2008, ntau yam Brusvian tau nkag mus rau hauv lub Xeev Sau. Ib xyoos tom qab, lub tuam txhab "Brusvian" sau npe dua 4 ntawm lawv cov tsim: Brusilovsky, Tus kav nroog, Brusilovsky tus qauv, Yaroslavna. Yog vim li cas thiaj li lub breeder thiaj li tseem ceeb yog lub npe, vim hais tias qhov kev thov rau nws cov khoom tau yeej ib txwm. Nws muab tawm tias Vladimir Dmitriev tsis npaj los txwv nws tus kheej mus rau yug me nyuam ntau yam rau gardeners uas tsis saib xyuas txog formalities, tab sis es yog txaus siab nyob rau hauv qhov zoo thiab tus nqi ntawm cov khoom. Rau lawv nyob rau hauv lub chaw zov me nyuam hlob ntau ntau yam uas tsis tau muaj lub sij hawm mus sau npe. Tab sis rau cov ntawv sau ua haujlwm tsuas xav tau ib qhov kev pov hwm ntawm qhov feem pua ​​ntawm cov kab txiav, cov yam ntxwv zoo thiab tshaj tawm. Qhov ntawd yog yam ua rau daim ntawv pov thawj rau npe.

Kev piav qhia thiab yam ntxwv ntawm ntau yam

Hnub no, raspberry Brusvian tsis yog thawj zaug nyob rau hauv Ukrainian yug me nyuam remontant ntau yam, tab sis kuj yog ib tug thawj coj nyob rau hauv ntau yam ntxwv agrotechnical. Cia peb xav txog nyob rau hauv ntau dua yam dab tsi ntau yam deserved lub mloog ntawm kev ua hauj lwm thiab pib gardeners.

Tej kab lig kev cai kuj muaj: strawberries, blackberries and strawberries.

Bushes

Ib qho meej feature ntawm Brusvians breeders Dmitrievs hu tua tsis kam mus rau chaw. Cov nroj tsuag yog txawv los ntawm lub ntom ntawm nws inflorescences thiab nyob rau hauv qhov ceeb thawj ntawm paub tab txiv hmab txiv ntoo nws tsis khoov los yog ua txhaum. Tsis tas li ntawd ntawm kev txaus siab yog qhov tus saum npoo ntawm stems, uas facilitates harvesting. Cov ceg loj hlob tuaj thiab ncav cuag ib qhov siab ntawm ob txoj kab. Qee lub sij hawm lawv tuaj yeem ncav ntau dua. Dua li ntawm lawv txoj kev loj hlob, nws tseem pom zoo kom nruab ib cov kev txhawb zog hauv qab ntoo.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Yog hais tias raspberries yog nyuaj los tswj nyob rau hauv lub cheeb tsam allotted mus rau lawv, neeg paub cov tswv teb Berry qhia lawv kom scatter cheeb tsam nrog sorrel. Cov nroj tsuag yuav tiv thaiv kev txhoj puab hauv paus kev loj hlob ntawm Berry qoob loo.

Berries

Thawj ripe berries ntawm no raspberry ntau yam yuav tsis saj raws li thaum ntxov raws li lub thib ob xyoo caum ntawm Lub rau hli ntuj. Ib nthwv dej tom qab ntawm fruiting yields ib tug sau nyob rau hauv lub yim hli ntuj. Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo sib txawv ntawm lawv cov counterparts loj loj thiab neeg tsis paub qab hau. Nyob rau hauv qhov tseeb, nws yog ib qhov loj tshaj plaws berries ntawm tag nrho cov paub tam sim no raspberry ntau yam. Txhua qhov hnyav kawg 15 g. Nyob rau hauv lub inflorescences lawv saib zoo, densely npog ob feem peb ntawm lub qia. Cov neeg tau txais kev pab tsuas yog hais txog qhov sau ntawm Brusvians xwb. Nyob rau hauv qhov tseeb, muaj ib tug kuj zoo kawg thiab Sweet thiab qaub saj, high school cov khoom zoo thiab elasticity ntawm txiv hmab txiv ntoo. Ua tsaug rau cov yam ntxwv, cov khoom noj khoom haus zoo tshaj plaws jam recipes, nyob rau hauv uas Berry tsis poob nws cov duab, txawm tias tom qab ib tug ntev thermal kho.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Yog hais tias koj npaj kom paus hauv raspberries nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav, nco ntsoov tias koj xav tau cov dej cog cog kom txog thaum lub ntiaj teb absorbs dej. Qhov no nuance yuav txuag lub keeb kwm ntawm seedlings los ntawm tau kom qhuav.

Tawm

Brusvyan txiv hmab txiv ntoo ib xyoos ob zaug. Nws yog qhov no zoo uas attracts gardeners rau nws. Tsis tas li ntawd, raspberries yog tsiag ntawv los ntawm high yields. Nrog ib tug neeg laus cov tswv teb cov tswv sau los ntawm 4 mus rau 8 kg ntawm berries. Daim duab kawg yog ua tau thaum nruab chaw thau dej thiab kev saib xyuas ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo. Qhov zoo nkauj tsos ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab saj cia koj mus koom rau hauv kev lag luam paj ntoo rau kev lag luam.

Disease tsis kam

Hauv qee qhov chaw muaj cov ntaub ntawv hais txog kev tiv thaiv huab cua ntawm ntau yam nyob rau hauv pem hauv ntej ntawm kev tawm tsam ntawm pathogens, fungi thiab pests. Nyob rau hauv qhov tseeb, lub Bush yeej muaj ib caj tsis kam mus rau ntau cov kab mob ntawm cov Berry cov qoob loo. Tab sis qhov no feature ntawm cov nroj tsuag yog nyob rau theem ntawm tus qauv assortment.

Frost tsis kam

Tsis muaj exaggeration, gardeners hais txog lub high endurance ntawm nroj tsuag kom tsawg kub. Raspberries lub caij ntuj no zoo txawm nyob -30 ° C thiab snowless winters.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Raspberry Brusviana tsis tso ntau dhau noo, yog li koj yuav tsum tau cog nws nyob rau hauv qhov chaw uas los nag thiab qhuav dej tsis accumulate.

Yuav ua li cas mus nrhiav rau thaum yuav seedlings

Loj hlob Brusovyan raspberry raspberry nyob ntawm qhov zoo ntawm cov noob. Los ntawm ib tug noj qab haus huv yub ib qho muaj zog Bush nrog high nqi ntawm fruiting yuav tsim sai heev. Yog li, thaum xaiv ib lub yub, koj yuav tsum ua tib zoo kuaj lub qhov koj nyiam, kos rau lub freshness ntawm nws cov hauv paus hniav, thiab tsuas yog tom qab paub tseeb tias tag nrho cov seem ntawm cov nroj tsuag tau raws li koj cov cai, koj yuav ua tau ib qho kev yuav khoom.

Peb qhia koj kom tau txais kev pom zoo nrog xws li ntau hom kev kho raspberries li: "Heritage", "Atlant", "Gusar", "Caramel", "Yellow Giant" thiab "Giant".

Kws txawj qhia kom muab qhov preference rau saplings nrog ib tug muaj zog, zoo-branched paus system thiab muaj zog, tuab tua. Khij txhua lub hauv paus txheej txheem nrog koj cov ntiv tes. Tus ntoo tshiab uas tau tshwm sim rau ntawm qhov chaw ntawm kev puas tsuaj qhia hais tias lub caij nplooj ntoo hlav tau qhuav tawm thiab nws cov hauv paus hniav yog tsim rau cog. Yog hais tias es tsis txhob koj pom darkened rotten los yog moldy cheeb tsam, qhuav, tawg keeb kwm - nws yog zoo dua mus nrhiav lwm seedling. Ib tug zoo Bush yuav tsum muaj Holistic thiab zaum stems nrog ib tug tshwj xeeb saum npoo. Nws yog ntshaw tias ntawm lawv yog yam tsawg kawg yog ib qho lignified specimen. Nws lub xub ntiag yeej ceev tau txoj sia thiab yooj yim wintering ntawm ib tug tub ntxhais hluas nroj tsuag. Nyob rau hauv lub xub ntiag ntawm galls, spotting thiab tej yam kev puas tsuaj rau tua los ntawm yuav khoom yog zoo dua rau tsis kam.

Koj puas paub? Cov kws tshawb fawb pom tau hais tias kev hnav ris tsho hauv cov poj niam lub plab hnyuv los yog naj hoom ua haujlwm zoo. Piv txwv, hauv cov poj niam tsis muaj zog, nws ua rau muaj kev xav ntawm lub cev. Thiab lwm tus lwm yam: cov poj niam muaj zog xav tias muaj kev xav tau kev tiv thaiv.

Xaiv qhov chaw zoo

Muaj ntau cov neeg ua teb tshiab ua rau cov neeg tsis paub qab hau zoo li cov menyuam yaus siab ntev thiab tsis muab Brusvians los saib xyuas thiab saib xyuas. Thaum kawg, tau tus kab phem los yog tuag cuttings. Yuav kom tsis txhob khib nyiab nyiaj thiab sij hawm ntawm kev tso cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo, tsis txhob tub nkeeg mus nrhiav qhov chaw kawm ntawv rau nws. Hauv qhov no, tshwj xeeb yuav tsum tau them nyiaj rau teeb pom kev zoo thiab av nta. Peb yuav to taub txhua yam hauv kev txiav txim.

Teeb pom kev zoo

Tag nrho cov raspberries nyiam tshav ntuj cheeb tsam, kev tiv thaiv los ntawm cua, cua txias thiab tshaj noo noo. Cov kab loj hlob zoo dua nyob rau hauv lub teeb ci ultraviolet, lawv tua tsis ncav us txog thiab yog lub zog ntawm lub zog. Rau Brusvians, no nuance yog ib qho tseem ceeb heev, vim hais tias tua yuav tsum tau tiv thaiv lub nra ntawm yav tom ntej no sau. Tsis tas li ntawd, lub berries nyob rau hauv lub hnub uas tau sau nrog qab zib cov ntsiab lus, thiab lawv tsw ua ntau pronounced. Hauv maub, qhov kev hloov no tuaj yeem tsis tiav. Ntxiv mus, lub berries yuav txawv qaub, tsawg ntxiag saj. Cov nplua nuj ntawm tshav kub thiab lub teeb ntawm no raspberry ntau yam yog tsis txaus ntshai, txawm nrog lub hnub ci heev. Berries suab tsis ua nyob rau hauv lub hnub kub thiab tsis poob lawv juiciness.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Txhawm rau tshem ntawm cov tua kab ntawm raspberry, uas yog Brusvian lub ntau yam, cov tswv ntawm cov tswv yim qhia mus khawb rau hauv av nyob rau hauv qhov chaw ntawm lub cheeb tsam ntawm cheeb tsam lub qub slate los yog hlau nplooj ntawv mus rau ib nrab-Meter tob.

Av

Rau lub cev, lub cev muaj kua thiab cov kua dej yog qhov tseem ceeb. Yog li ntawd, ib qho zoo tagnrho xaiv rau cog raspberries yuav ib tug struts tias yog tsiag ntawv los ntawm lub teeb, fertile substrates nrog nruab nrab acidity. Yog tias koj tsis pom zoo li qhov chaw hauv koj lub vaj, cov kws qhia tawm tswv yim kom muab cov av hloov los ntawm kev ntxiv cov ntsiab uas ploj thiab paub txog alkalisation.

Ua haujlwm ua ntej

Thaum pib preplant npaj nyob rau hauv raspberry jam nyob ntawm lub sij hawm ntawm rooting ntawm seedlings. Yog hais tias nws yog nqa tawm nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav, ces nws yog tsim nyog los npaj lub tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos zeeg. Nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv ntawm Autumn cog, nws yog advisable mus deploy npaj ua ub no nyob rau hauv lub vaj teb pem hauv ntej tsawg kawg yog ib lub hlis ua ntej.

Npaj muaj nyob rau hauv huv si digging lub struts rau ib tug tob ntawm yam tsawg kawg 30 cm thiab thov fertilizer rau cov av. Nyob rau hauv bushes, uas yog npaj rau cog nyob rau hauv lub Plaub Hlis, nws yog pom zoo kom ua kom superphosphate thiab potash Cheebtsam (ntsig txog, muab xam ntawm 50 g thiab 40 g ib square meter ntawm cheeb tsam). Tab sis rau Autumn cog yuav siv tseem ceeb organic teeb meem - humus, ib tug daws ntawm Txoj kev lis ntshav ntawm nqaij qaib manure thiab compost.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Saib xyuas qhov huv ntawm cov av nyob rau hauv twb tau crimson berries, heev kom zoo zoo tswj lub SAP thiab lwm yam khoom. Qhov tseeb yog tias hauv paus system ntawm cov nroj tsuag nyob ntawm superficially thiab tau yooj yim yuav puas.

Nyob rau ntawm cov cheeb tsam oxidized, kws tshaj tawm qhia kom paub tseeb tias fuzz, dolomite hmoov, cement plua av los yog cov laus qub plaster. Nyob ntawm seb acidity li cas, los ntawm 150 mus rau 300 g ntawm cov khoom yuav tsum tau txhaj rau ib chav tsev ntawm thaj chaw. Tsis tas li ntawd, cov ntoo ntoo tshauv yuav tsis zoo li nyob rau hauv substrate.

Cov ntaub ntawv cog qoob loo kuj tseem raug npaj ua ntej. Nws cov saum yog txiav ntawm ib theem ntawm 15-20 cm los ntawm hauv av, thiab keeb kwm yog dipped rau hauv ib lub av nplaum mash. Cov kev ntxias no yuav tiv thaiv cov nroj tsuag ntawm huab cua, ziab thiab pab txhawb rau nws qhov fertility.

Cog cog rau ntawm qhov chaw

Xaiv ib tug noj qab haus huv seedling ntawm ib tug cia siab remontant ntau yam thiab npaj txoj cai cuab ntxhiab rau cog yog tsuas yog ib nrab ntawm guaranteed txoj kev vam meej nyob rau hauv loj hlob raspberries. Ntawm kev tseem ceeb yog txheej txheem ntawm rooting bushes, raws li tau zoo raws li nws lub sij hawm.

Xav paub ntau ntxiv txog raspberry ntau yam xws li: Cumberland, Polka, Hercules, thiab Tarusa raspberry ntoo.

Sijhawm

Feem ntau cov gardeners xav tias lub sij hawm pib los ntawm ob xyoo caum plaub hlis mus rau lub sij hawm zoo rau cog raspberry bushes. Tom qab ntawd nws yog twb sov tawm sab nraum, thiab lub ntiaj teb tau sov so kom ruaj khov + 15 ° S. Nyob rau hauv xws li tej yam kev mob, qhov txaus ntshai ntawm paus rot thiab fungal kab mob yog tsawg. Tab sis nrog rau lub sij hawm zoo, tseem tau ziab lub hauv paus system yog sau tseg.

Koj puas paub? Ib khob txhua hnub ntawm raspberry berries tag nrho cov tib neeg niaj hnub xav tau rau ascorbic acid.

Caij nplooj ntoos hlav cog tso cai rau cov nroj tsuag sai sai coj paus thiab loj hlob kom txog thaum lub caij nplooj zeeg muaj zog, zoo-tsim rhizome. Tej yam xws li yooj yim zam lub caij ntuj no, vim hais tias, txawm lub caj ces tsis kam ntawm qoob loo kom txias, cov tub ntxhais hluas saplings yuav tsum tau ntxiv npaj rau wintering. Pub rau cog raspberries nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos zeeg. Raws li txoj cai, tus txheej txheem no yog npaj rau thawj lub asthiv ntawm lub Kaum Hli, thaum lub hnub sov ntawm txoj kev pw tsaug zog, tab sis nws tseem tsis tau khov. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom muaj sij hawm los txo qhov kub, vim tias cov hauv paus hniav xav tau tsawg kawg 2 lub lis piam kom hloov tau.

Tswvyim

Nyob rau hauv ze berries, txawm feem ntau muaj ntau yam fruitful tsis yuav txaus siab nrog tshaj fruiting. Rau tag nrho txoj kev loj hlob ntawm bushes xav chaw. Tias yog vim li cas kws txawj tsis pom zoo zagushchat tsaws. Qhov zoo nrug ntawm Brusvian nroj tsuag yog nyob rau hauv thaj tsam ntawm 70-100 cm nrog ib tug trench raspberry loj hlob technology thiab 1.5 m nrog ib pawg.

Tsis txhob txuag ntawm lub spacing, vim hais tias ntau yam yog xam siab nrog ntau tua thiab muaj zog tua. Nyob rau hauv lub cramped, thawj, nyob rau hauv lub Berrypipe yeeb ua hauj lwm. Thiab, ob, cov ceg mus rau qhov zoo tshaj plaws ntawm lawv txoj kev loj hlob yuav tsim ib tug duab ntxoov ntxoo rau ib leeg, hindering txoj kev loj hlob.

Ua liaj ua teb gardeners pom zoo kom cog raspberry bushes, tawm mus txog 1 m ntawm nroj tsuag thiab mus txog 2 m ntawm nruab nrab ntawm kab. Nyob rau ib puas square meters, qhov no Scheme tso cai rau koj muab tso rau 90 seedlings.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Cov neeg txom nyem los ntawm urolithiasis, yog ncaj qha contraindicated txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm raspberry. Kev txiav nplua yog kev ua ncaj ncees los ntawm cov qauv ntawm cov kab ntau ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo, uas yog pab txhawb kev tsim cov pob zeb uas tsis muaj lub npe.

Lub caij ntu saib xyuas

Raspberry yog ib qho lag luam muaj txiaj ntsim heev. Los ntawm qhov pom ntawm kev lag luam analysts, qhov kev thov rau berries yog loj hlob, uas tso cai rau koj kom cov nqi khoom zoo. Thiab los ntawm lub taw tes ntawm view ntawm gardeners, lub kab lis kev cai tsis yuav tsum tau loj nyiaj txiag siv nyiaj thiab zog cov ntaub ntawv muab kev koom tes. Yuav kom sau zoo harvests los ntawm plantation, nws yog txaus kom paub meej caij nyoog dej thiab fertilizing rau bushes, thiab zoo li lub peev xwm thiab cov kev tu ntawm cov av. Peb yuav to taub ntxiv nyob rau hauv cov nuances no.

Tshuaj thiab mulching

Ib qho tshwj xeeb thiab qhov tseem ceeb ntawm Brusvians yog nws tsis txaus siab rau dryness thiab ntau noo noo. Rau ib tug hybrid, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas muaj ib qho dej nruab nrab ntawm cov hauv substrate.

Muaj ntau qhov kev loj hlob gardeners tsis ua rau lawv tus kheej hnyav nrog thoob dej thiab nruab drip twj. Qhov no txoj kev ntawm moisturizing lub Berry yog cia li zoo meej rau remontant ntau yam ntawm kab lis kev cai. Kws txawj qhia txhua lub lim tiam nyob rau yav tsaus ntuj rau tsis pub ntev tshaj 2 teev kom muaj qhov kev txhim kho rau kev ntub cov kab tsuag. Nws yuav tsum tsom mus rau lub xeev ntawm cov av. Yog nws ntub, txoj haujlwm yuav tsum muab ncua. Nyob rau hauv ib tug drought on bushes yuav tau nkees thiab txawm poob tawm foliage. Yog li ntawd, nws ua rau kev nkag siab mus saib hauv lub xeev ntawm cov nroj tsuag. Yog tias koj ntxhuav cov hauv paus hniav, cov pwm pob thiab cov kab mob fungal tuaj yeem tshwm sim hauv paus hauv paus, uas kis rau tag nrho cov nroj tsuag sai heev.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Coniferous mulch muaj txhawb rau oxidation av, yog li ntawd nws yog undesirable rau raspberries.

Yuav kom tiv thaiv lub bushes los ntawm ziab tawm, nco ntsoov mulch lub berries. Rau cov hom phiaj no, cov kws ua haujlwm pom zoo siv cov nyom qhuav, humus los yog peat.

Sab saum toj hnav khaub ncaws

Yog li ntawd hais tias cov nroj tsuag tsis deplete cov av thiab tsis muaj ib tug shortage ntawm muab kev pab cuam, nws yuav tsum tau fertilized txhua lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav. Thaum cov nroj tsuag pib, organic teeb meem yog tswvcuab hauv cov hauv paus hniav. Qhov no tej zaum yuav tsis yog ib qho tshuaj sib tov ntawm nqaij qaib thiab nyuj dung (1:10). Tsis tas li ntawd nyob rau theem no ntawm kev loj hlob ntawm kev npau taws granular ammonium sulfate yog tseem ceeb. Cov plab hnyuv ntxwm yog nyob hauv cov ntoo ua ntej los nag lossis dej.

Qhov ntxiv tom ntej ntawm fertilizer nyob rau hauv cov Berry ua rau nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos zeeg, thaum nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau harden lub kab lis kev cai ua ntej txias. Nitrogenous tshuaj yog categorically contraindicated thaum lub sij hawm no vim hais tias lawv pab rau tsim ntawm tshiab tua hais tias lawv yuav tsis muaj lub sij hawm rau woody thiab tau zoo ua ntej Frost. Yuav kom tsim kho lub Frost tsis kam ntawm raspberries, kev paub gardeners qhia hais tias poov tshuaj sulphide yuav nkag tau rau hauv cov av.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Nyob rau hauv temperate climatic mob, Brusvyan tus berries qhia lawv tag nrho cov peev xwm rau tsim tau nyob rau hauv lub yim hli ntuj.Nws yog ces hais tias lawv yog denser thiab nyob rau tib lub sij hawm qab zib, muaj kua.

Kev tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv

Cov kws kho mob tau tso dag tias lub cev tsis kam ua rau cov kab mob kis tau zoo thiab cov kab tsuag zoo li nruab nrab. Qhov ntau yam yog tsis muaj kev zam thiab, zoo li lwm yam raspberry ntau yam, yog susceptible rau xeb, blotchiness, chlorosis, anthracnose thiab paus cancer. Tsis tas li ntawd, lub bushes nyiam weevils, ntsaum thiab raspberry beetles. Nws yog ib qho tsim nyog kom tshem tawm tag nrho cov kab no thiab kev tswj hwm microbial ua ntej, ua ntej thawj cov tsos mob tshwm. Yuav kom tiv thaiv tau cov kab mob fungal thiab kab mob, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau tshuaj tsuag nrog cog nrog fungicides (Skor, Fundazol, Maxim) thaum pib ntawm lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav los yog nrog Bordeaux sib tov, tooj liab vitriol. Yog hais tias loj foci ntawm tus kab mob yog noticeable on nroj tsuag, sai li sai tau txiav tawm tag nrho cov cuam tshuam stalks thiab hlawv lawv, thiab disinfect lub vaj teb pem hauv ntej nrog cov saum toj no-hais tshuaj lom tshuaj.

Kev siv cov insecticide ("Aktara", "Aktellik", "Bi - 58 Tshiab", "Detoyl") yuav cawm tau ib cov kab mob cab los ntawm cov nroj tsuag crimson. Tab sis txawm twb tau txais cov richest arsenals ntawm cov neeg ua hauj lwm tshuaj rau kev sib ntaus tawm tsam cov kab, cov kab mob thiab cov hlav hauv lub cev, tsis txhob hnov ​​qab txog kev tu mob rau lub cev. Tom qab tag nrho, qhov no yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws kev tiv thaiv rau tag nrho cov nroj tsuag nyob rau hauv lub vaj. Nco ntsoov tias cov teeb meem pib yog tias muaj av qeeg los yog muaj av qeeg nyob hauv cheeb tsam, cov nroj tsuag tsis zoo thiab tsis muaj cov as-ham rau hauv av.

Koj puas paub? Mus txog rau tam sim no, linguists muaj teeb meem nyob rau hauv yog txiav txim siab lub keeb kwm ntawm lo lus "raspberry". Nws tsis yog coj txawv txawv, tab sis tag nrho cov kws txawj koom siab nyob rau hauv nqe lus hais tias lub npe pib los ntawm lub npe ntawm cov xim ntawm cov berries. Ntawm no yog qee cov neeg hais tias ancient Indian "Malinaz", uas txhais tau tias "dub", yog vim li cas. Lwm tus neeg tab tom nrhiav ib qhov txuas mus rau lus Askiv "pob zeb", xav tias qhov melon xim muaj ib tug zoo sib xws rau daj berries. Thiab tseem muaj lwm tus neeg ntseeg hais tias "raspberry" los ntawm Latin "mulleuz", uas txhais ua "reddish".

Trellis

Xaiv lub siab thiab branching ntawm hybrid bushes, nws yog zoo dua tsis cia siab rau lub zog ntawm cov nroj tsuag qia thiab tsim ib tug tshwj xeeb kev them nyiaj yug thaum lub sij hawm cog ntawm bushes. Nws yog teem ntawm ib ncua ntawm ob-meter stick ntawm hlau los yog ntoo, nruab nrab ntawm uas yog ib tug xov tooj ntev ntawm txoj hlua los yog twine. Rau Brusvyny, peb lub duav rov qab yuav txaus. Lub dav ntawm kab yuav tsum sib haum mus rau qhov siab ntawm lub ncej, yog li ntawd raws li tsis tau tsim ntxiv duab ntxoov ntxoo rau cov nyob sib ze bushes. Thaum xaiv ib qho khoom rau ib trellis, koj siv tau cov txheej txheem ntawm tus qauv: T-shaped, V-puab. Khi lub stems rau kev them nyiaj yug yog raug pom zoo los ntawm cov xaim los yog daim ntaub xev.

Pruning

Thaum noj kev saib xyuas ntawm Brusvyan lub raspberry ntau yam, tshwj xeeb mloog yuav tsum tau them mus rau pruning bushes. Nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav, nws muaj tshem qhuav, tawg, qub, thiab tuag ceg. Nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov, nyob rau hauv thiaj li tswj paus kev loj hlob, nws yog tseem muaj nqis saib mus rau hauv lub vaj teb pem hauv ntej nrog txiab. Tom qab tag nrho, kev txhoj puab heev yuav loj hlob zoo thiab nyob rau hauv lub thickening txheej txheem nws yuav significantly txo cov tawm los. Ib co gardeners daim ntawv bushes by pinching ib sab saum toj loj hlob taw tes. Nyob rau hauv qhov tseeb, qhov no txoj kev txhawb nqa branching muaj zog, uas nyob rau hauv lem ua rau yuav tsum ntawm txiv hmab txiv ntoo.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Raws li kws txawj, pinching lub saum rau raspberry sprouts txav fructification los ntawm 2 lub lis piam, uas yuav tseem ceeb heev rau thaj tsam sab qaum teb-western ntawm Ukraine. Nyob rau hauv xws li tej yam kev mob, ntau txiv hmab txiv ntoo tsuas yog tsis muaj lub sij hawm mus rau ripen mus rau lub caij ntuj no.

Nyob rau hauv lub Autumn, tom qab harvesting lub berries, tag nrho cov sprouts nyob rau bushes yuav tsum tau txiav, tawm 3 cm los ntawm hauv av. Tom qab ntawd, nco ntsoov tshem cov nplooj poob thiab cov khib nyiab los ntawm thaj chaw thiab thov cov pob zeb hauv av chiv kom sau tias "lub caij nplooj zeeg." Rau cov ntawv luam ntawm xyoo ob lub xyoo hauv lub Kaum Ib Hlis, cov khoom noj uas yog cov khoom ua qoob raug muab tshem tawm thiab kev tu huv si.

Vaj tse rau lub caij ntuj no

Txawm hais tias Brusvian muaj ib theem siab ntawm lub caij ntuj no hardiness, cov tub ntxhais hluas cov nroj tsuag yuav tsum tau ntxiv npaj rau lub txias. Tom qab txiav xws li nrws, nws yog qhov tseem ceeb kom npog nrog agrofibre, thiab kuj nrog lapniki on to top. Qee cov tswv lag luam yog costing txheej ntawm mulch los ntawm peat-humus sib tov. Nws yog qhov tseem ceeb uas lub flooring tsis qis tshaj li 10 cm Thiab sai li sai tau kev hem thawj ntawm frosts loj tshaj, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau tshem tawm tag nrho cov qauv nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm thiaj li hais tias kab lis kev cai tsis tuag los ntawm ntau tshav kub. Thaum lub sij hawm ntawm nws yuav luag kaum xyoo, lub hybrid ntawm Brusvian ntau yam tau sau tsuas yog zoo tswv yim los ntawm cov neeg tau txais kev pab. Thiab, rau peb cov surprise, lawv tsis nyob rau hauv tag nrho exaggerated los ntawm tub lag luam rau lub hom phiaj ntawm kev muag khoom.

Kawm ntxiv txog cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo xws li: gumi, olga irga, goji, currant, blueberry, gooseberry, sunberry, physalis, hiav txwv buckthorn thiab qus sawv.

Qhov tseeb tiag, peb tau ntseeg tias qhov kev sib tw thiab qhov peev xwm ntawm ntau yam piav qhia. Ntawm chav kawm, nws tsis yog zoo meej. Ib tug tsis nyiam qhov tsis muaj glossy glare rau ntawm berries, lwm tus yws txog qhov yuav tsum tau tying bushes. Tab sis cov khoom me me piv rau lub txiaj ntsim ntawm hom yog yuav luag tsis pom. Brusvian yog me ntsis inferior mus rau tej yam industrial Giants, tab sis nyob rau hauv cov nqe lus ntawm saj thiab khoom muag zoo ntawm berries, nws txawm zoo siv rau kev xaiv cov thaj chaw ntawm nyob sib ze hauv lub xeev.

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