Qoob loo ntau lawm

Yuav ua li cas cog thiab loj hlob alfredia (ataman nyom, Royal paus)

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Lub npe hu ua "Alfredia" yog hais txog tag nrho cov noob ntawm herbaceous nroj tsuag ntawm tsev neeg Astrovye los yog Compositae. Feem ntau, nyob rau hauv lub npe no lawv txhais hais tias lub suab paj nruag, lossis cov noob nom noob tswv, uas nws lub npe yog Alfredia, wilted (Alfredia Cernua (L.) Cass). Cov nroj tsuag no paub me ntsis vim hais tias muaj tsawg lub chaw. Txawm li cas los xij, nws muaj ntau yam kev kho zoo, uas nws tau ntev tau muaj nuj nqis rau cov tshuaj noj. Niaj hnub no peb yuav saib qhov kev cog ntoo no muaj feem xyuam rau lub cev, nyob rau hauv thaj chaw ntawm kev kho neeg mob, thiab dab tsi yog qhov zoo rau kev loj hlob tsis muaj nyom saum lub vaj tse.

Botanical piav qhia

Alfredia, lub wilted, yog tus sawv cev ntawm loj thiab muaj zog perennial herbaceous nroj tsuag. Nws hlob mus txog 2.5-3 m, muaj ib tug haib qia txog li 5 cm nyob rau hauv lub cheeb ntawm paus hauv paus. Lub rhizome yog luv luv nrog ntau appendages, lub stems yog xim dub xim, khoob hauv sab, ntxhib thiab grooved mus rau kov.

Ntxiv branching ntawm lub stems yog sau nyob rau hauv lub Upper ib feem ntawm lub alfredia. Qhov nruab nrab thiab qis nplooj txawv txawv: nyob rau sab qis ntawm cov nroj tsuag lawv ntev heev, mus txog 50 cm ntev thiab 30 cm dav, oblong los yog lub plawv-puab nrog ib qho taub ntse thiab jagged sawv, ib tug nplua nuj ntsuab ntxoov ntxig rau saum thiab whitish nyob rau sab nraum qab.

Nruab nrab nplooj muaj ib qho me me loj, oblong mob ntxim nyiam, ib tug thoob plaws scape, raws li yog hais tias "embracing" lub qia. Cov paj yog xim nyob rau hauv ib qho daj thiab ntsuab ntxoov ntxoo, loj (txog li 2.5 cm ntawm ntev), muaj ib tug flying tuft tias disappears heev yooj yim.

Koj puas paub? Sawv cev zoo li qhov muaj nqis loj ntawm cov nroj tsuag, nws yuav tsis paub tseeb vim li cas Alfredia hu ua wilted. Nws yog txhua yam hais txog cov inflorescences - lawv cov thawv 5-centimeter loj yog tawb, zoo li lub taub hau drooping.

Cov noob ntawm cov nroj tsuag no kuj tseem yog loj - txog li 7 hli nyob ntev thiab txog 3 hli hauv dav, grey-xim av, oblong conical puab. Alfredia wilted yog hais txog ib tug zoo zib mu nroj tsuag.

Qhia koj tus kheej nrog rau cov khoom zoo li ntawm xws li lam nroj tsuag li echinacea, saxurey, thistle prickly, elecampane, cmin, celandine, dogrose, chamomile, jaundice, valerian, ntau tansy, hawthorn, flaxberry, fenugreek, wormwood.

Kev faib khoom thiab chaw nyob

Kev tsis paub ntawm cov nroj tsuag no piav qhia los ntawm ib thaj chaw heev: Alfredia, leej twg yog drooping, hlob nyob rau hauv cov cheeb tsam mountainous ntawm Central Asia, nyob rau hauv Altai Territory, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, thiab Roob Shoria. Nws prefers high mountainous: meadows, meadows thiab txhuam thickets, tov forests (fir-spruce thiab aspen-birch).

Tshuaj Kex

Qee qhov aboveground ntawm alfredia muaj cov nram qab no:

  • terpene compounds;
  • tannins;
  • micro thiab macronutrients;
  • aromatic acids (vanillic, cinnamic, chlorogenic, salicylic);
  • fatty acids (palmitic, linoleic, thiab lwm yam);
  • amino acids;
  • polysaccharides;
  • yooj yim phenolic tebchaw;
  • flavonoids;
  • steroid alcohols (phytosterols).

Cov khoom siv tseem ceeb

Lub extract ntawm cov nroj tsuag no yog siv hauv monotherapy thiab ua ib feem ntawm cov tshuaj ntsuab. Alfredia, wilted, muaj tonic, tonic ntxim rau lub cev, txo cov kev nyuab siab thiab qaug zog, ua rau lub peev xwm ntawm lub hlwb thiab lub cev raws li ib tug tag nrho mus rau kev nyuaj siab thiab tsis zoo sab nrauv.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Qhov zoo tshaj plaws kho mob yog siv ntawm Extract los ntawm no nroj tsuag, infused nrog 95% cawv.

Kev siv cov alfrediya dipped muaj cov teebmeem nram qab no hauv lub cev:

  • nootropic (kev txhim kho kev txawj ntse, kev ua kom lub hlwb, txhim kho kev nco thiab kev kawm, thiab lwm yam);
  • mob killer;
    Cov kab mob analgesia kuj muaj: anemone, chernokorin medicinal, canoper, spurge, veronika officinalis, tshuaj thiab stonecrop.

  • tonic;
  • hypotensive;
  • antiharmy;
  • anticonvulsant;
  • sedative thiab anxiolytic (txo kev ntxhov siab, ntxhov siab vim);
  • diuretic;
  • antioxidant.

Cov ntawv thov kev kho mob

Cov nplua nuj tshuaj muaj pes tsawg tus txiav txim siab siv cov alfredia hauv cov pej xeem thiab cov tshuaj siv tshuaj.

Yog li, Alfredia yog siv rau cov kab mob nram qab no:

  • muaj kev ntxhov siab, muaj kab mob hauv nruab nrab hauv lub paj hlwb (nrog rau kev tawm tsam kev ntshai, kev ntxhov siab thiab kev ntshai, kev ntxhov siab, kev mob taub hau thiab kev kiv taub, kev xav, kev ntshai los yog lub cev tsis zoo);
  • dermatological kab mob, nrog rau kev kho mob (siv hauv zos ntawm compresses thiab muab tshuaj pleev);
  • ntshav siab;
  • mob plab;
  • urinary tuskheej;
  • qaug dab peg (raws li ib feem ntawm cov nqi);
  • nrog cov hangover syndrome (hauv cov nqi);
  • kab mob ntawm cov pob qij txha thiab cov kab mob musculoskeletal raws li tag nrho.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Hmoov tsis, vim lub sij hawm luv luv ntawm kev tshawb fawb nyiaj raws li cov nroj tsuag no, nws tseem tsis tau ua kom muaj kev tswj hwm qhov kev tsis txaus siab rau lawv txoj kev siv. Yog li, kev siv cov tshuaj raws li Alfredia yuav tsum tau ua haujlwm nrog koj tus kws kho mob thiab pom zoo los ntawm nws.

Nws tseem siv tau rau qhov kev txhawb nqa thiab kho ntawm lub cev (raws li ib feem ntawm cov nqi). Ua ib qho kev tiv thaiv, koj tuaj yeem siv cov tshuaj yej los ntawm cov khoom no: 1 tsp txhua. Alfredia wilted thiab Moldovan snakehead, 1 tbsp. l oregano Sib tov lub sib tov nrog 2 khob dej boiling, haus dej haus tom qab 20 feeb ntawm Txoj kev lis ntshav ob zaug ib hnub.

Loj hlob thiab tu ib tsob nroj

Alfredia, wilted, tsis muaj ib qho zoo nkauj nqi, yog li ntawd, loj hlob tom tsev yog tsim rau ib txwm rau lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv raw khoom. Qhov no nroj tsuag yog unpretentious thiab hardy, thiaj li hais tias qhov no yuav tsum tsis txhob ua rau muaj teeb meem tshwj xeeb.

Cov xwm txheej ntawm kev raug txim

Alfredia tuaj yeem cog hauv tsev, hauv lub lauj kaub, lossis sab nraud nyob hauv qhib tua. Nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, qhov chaw rau cov ntsiab lus yuav tsum zoo illuminated los ntawm lub hnub, ob peb teev ib hnub twg tib neeg sab qaum yuav tsum poob rau hauv paj.

Lub tsev yog qhov chaw siab xaiv qaum teb thiab sab hnub poob. Nyob rau ntawm daim duab koj yuav tsum nrhiav ib qhov chaw dav, qhov chaw zoo uas qhov ntau dhau heev lawm yuav tsis tuaj yeem txuam nrog.

Av thiab chiv

Kev noj qab haus huv ntawm cov av thiab cov pH tsis ua si lub luag haujlwm tseem ceeb, uas yog, cov kev loj hlob zoo yuav nyob rau hauv nruab nrab thiab me ntsis acidic / alkaline av, tsis zoo los yog tsis zoo nrog cov khoom noj. Txawm li cas los xij, yuav tsum muaj cov kua dej zoo, ua kom tsis muaj pa thiab tsis tas mus li. Rau lub lauj kaub loj hlob, koj tuaj yeem xaiv lub teeb npaj txhij-mix av mixtures, uas muaj xws li daim ntawv thiab cov av sod, xuab zeb. Koj tuaj yeem ua rau txhua lub pob zeb hauv av ua tau raws li cov lus qhia.

Peb pom zoo nyeem txog dab tsi hom av nyob ua ke, dab tsi system ntawm fertilizer rau txawv xau, thiab tseem yog vim li cas koj xav tau av mulching.

Dej thiab noo noo

Alfredia, wilted, xav tau ib theem tas li ntawm cov av noo. Raws li cov yeeb yam climatic ntawm koj thaj av, kub, nruab hnub thiab lub caij nyoog, feem ntau ntawm cov dej yuav tsum tsawg kawg yog 3 zaug ib lub lim tiam. Rau cov dej koj yuav tsum siv cov dej, sib cais, dej sov. Yog hais tias cov nroj tsuag zus sab hauv, koj tuaj yeem moisten cov nplooj nrog lub raj mis tsuag.

Kub

Alfredia yog heev undemanding rau kub tsoom fwv. Loj hlob nyob rau hauv qhov chaw siab mountainous nyob rau hauv qhov, nws tolerates txias winters tsis muaj chaw nkaum ntxiv.

Yug me nyuam

Nws yog qhov yooj yim rau propagate lub ataman nyom nrog noob. Txij li thaum lub noob ntawm xws li ib tug tsawg nroj tsuag yog nyuaj rau tau txais nyob rau hauv vaj khw muag khoom thiab cov chaw zov me nyuam, feem ntau lawv yuav tsum tau muab online.

Koj tuaj yeem cog cov noob nyob rau hauv qhib hauv av (nyob rau hauv Tej zaum) los yog on seedlings (nyob rau hauv lig Lub peb hlis ntuj - thaum ntxov Lub Plaub Hlis), nyob rau hauv lub yav tas rooj plaub, cog seedlings nyob rau hauv qhib rau hauv av ntog thaum pib ntawm Lub rau hli ntuj.

Ua ntej cog, cov noob yuav tsum tau soaked rau ob peb teev nyob rau hauv dej los yog ib tug damp daim ntaub. Cov noob qoob cog qoob hauv cov yas los yog peat khob, qhov tob ntawm qhov chaw cim yog txog 2 cm Lub ntiaj teb yuav tsum tau moistened thiab cov ntim yuav tsum muab qhwv nrog ib zaj duab xis los ua ib lub tsev me me. Nyob rau nruab nrab, tom qab 15-20 hnub, thawj seedlings tshwm.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Watering nyob rau ntawm lub sij hawm no yuav tsum muaj ntau, tab sis nyob rau hauv tsis muaj cov ntaub ntawv tsis tau sau lub seedlings thiab tsim ib tug swamp nyob rau hauv ntim!

Alfredia hlob mus rau qhov loj me me, yog li qhov sib txawv ntawm cov ntoo ntawm lub caij cog qoob loo yuav tsum muaj tsawg kawg yog 70 cm Thaum yug me nyuam seedlings, cov nroj tsuag muaj peev xwm muab xim nyob rau hauv ob xyoo, tab sis nyob rau ntawm Direct cog ntawm noob nyob rau hauv cov av nyob rau hauv feem ntau pib bloom tsuas yog tom qab 3-4 xyoos.

Sau thiab npaj cov ntaub ntawv raw

Koj tuaj yeem sau txhua qhov ntawm cov nroj tsuag: nplooj, cov kab thiab cov hauv paus hniav. Nws yog tsim nyog los muab cov ntaub ntawv raw nkaus xwb nyob rau hauv qhuav, calm, sov huab cua. Lub sij hawm flowering kav los ntawm peb xyoo caum ntawm Lub Xya hli ntuj mus rau thawj xyoo caum ntawm Lub Yim Hli. Nyob rau lub sij hawm no, thiab koj yuav tsum sau paj thiab nplooj, ces qhuav lawv.

Rau ziab, nws yog ib qhov tsim nyog yuav tsum tau muab cov khoom siv raw ua ib txheej rau ib daim ntaub los yog ntawv hauv chav tsev qhuav nrog cov huab cua zoo. Nyob rau hauv thawj ib nrab ntawm Autumn, hauv paus feem yuav tsum tau tua: rau qhov no, nws yog ntxuav thiab qhuav nyob rau hauv sov, zoo-ventilated chav. Koj tuaj yeem khaws cov khoom siv raw li 2 xyoo rau hauv lub khob ntim quav los yog lub hnab ntim ntaub.

Tej teeb meem hauv kev loj hlob

Rau cov cog qoob loo ntawm alfredia tom tsev, nws yog ib qhov tsim nyog los tsim tej yam kev mob rau nws kom nyob ze rau cov natural ones. Ua ntej tshaj plaws, yuav tsum muaj qhov zoo ntawm teeb pom kev zoo thiab cov av qeeg.

  • Nrog ib tug sis tshaj ntawm noo noo, cov nroj tsuag fades, turgor txo. Tshwj xeeb yog txaus ntshai yog tsis muaj noo noo rau germinating noob thiab cov tub ntxhais hluas, taus nroj tsuag.
  • Nrog ib tug tsis txaus ntawm ultraviolet lub teeb, lub nroj paj yog underdeveloped.

Kab tsuag, kab mob thiab kev tiv thaiv

Cov nroj tsuag tsis raug rau kab mob, mob ntsws los yog kis tus kab mob, nrog rau cov kab mob. Txawm li cas los, nyob rau hauv tsawg zaus, rau kev tiv thaiv, nroj tsuag yuav kho nrog biologics complex, xws li "Trichodermin", "Planriz", "Actofit".

Koj puas paub? Txog 40% ntawm cov kws kho mob niaj hnub no muaj ib cov kua zaub - qhov no yog qhov nruab nrab feem pua, vim, piv txwv li, rau kev kho mob plawv, tshuaj yog 80% ua los ntawm cov khoom cog.

Hauv cov chaw muag tshuaj, koj tuaj yeem yuav cov tshuaj ntsuab los yog tincture ntawm Alfredia, tab sis koj tuaj yeem tuaj yeem cog tau qhov nroj tsuag ntawm koj tus kheej. Txawm tias qhov chaw zoo me me, nws tsis tuaj yeem ua kom tsis muaj txiaj ntsig cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev pov tseg, vim hais tias nws siv tau rau hauv kev sib ntaus tawm tsam ntau cov kab mob.

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