Qoob loo ntau lawm

Gravillus hom

Загрузка...

Nyob rau hauv cov xwm, qhov no zoo kawg nkaus ntawm lub tsev neeg Rosaceae yog muaj txog tsib caug hom. Ib txhia ntawm lawv tau nkag mus rau hauv kab lis kev cai, lwm tus tuaj yeem pom raws li cov nroj tsuag ntawm txhua lub teb chaws uas tsuas yog ntawm Antarctica, thiab lwm tus tseem nyob rau lub sijhawm ntawm kev tuag.

Nyob rau hauv txhua txhua hnub lub neej, cov nroj tsuag feem ntau hu ua "Avens", "snake root", "vivishnik". Cov neeg siv rhizomes, nplooj thiab paj ntawm qee yam ntau yam hauv kev ua noj ua haus, cov tshuaj noj thiab txawm nyob hauv kev lag luam. Xav txog ib daim duab tshwj xeeb, dab tsi yog ib qho gravilat, uas yog hom thiab ntau yam raug pom zoo rau cultivation nyob rau hauv lub vaj teb, thiab uas pom nyob rau hauv cov npe ntawm cov tshuaj.

Nroog

Gravilat nroog (Géum urbánum) tsis tuaj yeem loj tshaj 60 cm Nyob rau hauv kev tsis haum qhuav, nws cov ris tsho nce mus txog 30 centimeters hauv siab.

Koj puas paub? Nyob rau hauv Sweden, muaj ntev lawm ib qho kev lig kev cai ntxiv rau cov hauv paus hniav qhuav ntawm nroog nroog gravel rau npias, dawb wine thiab vermouth. Nws ntseeg hais tias qhov no tivthaiv tiv thaiv cov kua qab los ntawm ntau cov kua qaub thiab muab rau lawv ib tug saj thiab kev tsw qab.
Lub perennial muaj ib tug heev tuab unbranched paus, me ntsis pubescent nplooj foliage, ncaj sprouts nrog ib tug dawb dawb pawg nyob rau hauv lub xaus. Basal nplooj ntoos plates muaj elongated petioles thiab muaj xws li 3-9 nplooj nyob rau hauv cov duab ntawm ib tug elongated oval nrog ib tug unevenly toothed ntug. Tib lub paj tshwm nyob rau thaum xaus ntawm lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav thiab mus txuas ntxiv kom qhib thoob plaws hauv lub caij ntuj sov. Externally, lawv yog me me, feem ntau yog txiv qaub los yog ci daj, nrog 5 petals, on uas ib lub sijhawm tsawg lub teeb pawg pom. Nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov Autumn, noob ripen, uas resemble ib tug me me shaggy nutlet nrog ib tug nuv-sib xws ntev ntswg.

Cov nroj tsuag muaj cov tannins, glycoside, cov roj yam tseem ceeb, ascorbic acid, vitamin A, hmoov txhuv nplej siab thiab cov pos hniav. Cov khoom no muaj txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm tib neeg lub cev, yog li ntawd, tib neeg sau kab lis kev cai raws li cov ntaub ntawv kho mob. Cov tshuaj siv raws li nws yuav pab txhawb kev tiv thaiv kab mob, kho qhov txhab, tso ntshav los, thiab tseem muaj cov pa diaphoretic thiab astringent effect.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Gravilat nyom yog harvested nyob rau hauv caij nplooj ntoos hlav, thaum thawj paj tshwm, thiab hauv paus yog dug li ua ntej flowering los yog lig Autumn.

Dej

Dej Gravilat (Géum rivále) belongs rau hom teeb meem. Koj tuaj yeem nrhiav nws hauv cov av uas yog acidic hav zoov, qhov twg nws yog ib txwm damp, mos thiab ntau hauv cov as-ham. Tsis tas li ntawd, ntev loo nyob rau ntawm ntug dej ntawm lub cev dej thiab hauv cov ntug dej hiav txwv. Cov nyom tsis pom zoo rau rhuav, vim nws tau teev nyob rau hauv Phau Ntawv Liab ntawm Ukraine.

Cov phau ntawv liab kuj muaj xws li: tsom, snowdrops, backache, da dej kom txaus, nplaum pa dej, ntau hom tsiaj ntawv, multiflorum cot, ob-leaved dacha, tshis ros.

Hom kab no, zoo li lwm cov kwv tij, muaj peev xwm ua tau lub hauv paus uas muaj zog, ua rau lub vev tsom lwj nrog lub teeb ci thiab lub khib nyiab. Qhov ntev ntawm sprouts, nyob ntawm seb tus mob ntawm cov kabmob, tuaj txog ntawm 25 mus rau 80 cm Cov nplooj ntawm tus dej gravilatum tseem shaggy, nrog tsib ceg, nrog cov tsis sib npaug npoo thiab ntev petioles.

Paj drooping, resembling ib tug me me tswb nrog thoob plaws liab doog-xim av petals. Buds qhib qhov chaw nyob rau hauv lig hnub ntawm lub Tsib Hlis thiab thim tawm tom qab 20 hnub. Nyob rau hauv nruab nrab ntawm lub caij ntuj sov ib tug me me purple achene pib ripen on ntev peduncles nrog pubescent elongated txiv hmab txiv ntoo.

Koj puas paub? Gravilat yog ib qho zoo ntawm tus me nyuam cog paj thiab lub ntuj tsim kabmob. Nws cov hauv paus hniav yog siv hauv kev lag luam rau kev siv cov xim dub, xim liab thiab xim av, thiab cov nroj tsuag uas yog crushed ntxiv rau cov marinades thiab cov kaus poom zaub mov ua ib hom tshuaj.

Tamer

Gravilat tame (Geum rivale) yog ib qho ntawm ob peb hom uas yog siv rau qhov kho kom zoo nkauj ntawm cov vaj tsev hauv av. Feem ntau perennial cog raws li ib tug shading keeb kwm kab lis kev cai, vim hais tias nws me me paj lawv tus kheej tsis ua kev txaus siab. Externally, no stocky nroj tsuag nrog ncaj siab stems ntawm liab thiab burgundy xim thiab wrinkled hov paus feathery nplooj. Kab lis kev cai pib tawg nyob rau hauv lig caij nplooj ntoos hlav. Tom qab ntawd rau ntawm peduncles, uas feem ntau loj tuaj mus txog 70 centimeters nyob rau hauv qhov siab, me me paj yeeb-cream nrog paj khob tshwm. Thaum gravilatum blooms, splayed pistils nyob ntawm ntev ob txhais ceg. Sij hawm dhau mus, lawv tsim tau ib cov noob shaggy.

Cov nroj tsuag reproduces heev dua lwm yam los ntawm cov noob txoj kev. Kev sib kis ntawm cov nplej no yog cov neeg thiab tsiaj txhu, vim qhov ntev ntawm lub txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo yoojyim rau cov khau, khaub ncaws thiab ntaub plaub tsiaj. Rau cov tsiaj tus yam ntxwv tshaj li tus kheej-seeding. Perennial yog qhov txawv ntawm nws cov simplicity. Yuav kom nws loj hlob nyob rau hauv kev sib tw, qhov chaw zoo thiab lub ntsej muag ib nrab nrog ib qho chaw txaus micronutrients thiab noo noo nyob rau hauv cov av uas xav tau.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Nyob rau hauv thawj theem ntawm lub caij loj hlob, lub domesticate gravilate yog ib tug sib npaug hardwood rosette uas ntse hibernates. Nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav, lub qub foliage tuag tawm, thiab nyob rau hauv nws qhov chaw tshiab elongated leafy paib tshwm, uas poob mus rau lub caij nplooj zeeg. Nyob rau hauv lawv qhov chaw dua hlob rau thiaj li hu lub caij ntuj no version.
Cov kab ke qus yuav tsis kho koj lub vaj. Rau scenery ntsuab ntau haum ntau yam:
  • "Album" - muab faib nrog paj dawb, nrog ib lub cheeb kom txog 2.5 cm.
  • "Leonard's Variety" - attracts nrog ntau scarlet paj.
  • "Lionel Sox" - pom tau los ntawm daj.

Aleppo

Gravilat Aleppo (Geum aleppicum) paub ntau yam herbalists raws li ib tug kho raw khoom. Nws tau tua nyob rau hauv qhov chaw txiav txim siab kom tsis txhob los ntshav, txo qhov kub taub hau, kho insomnia, qaug dab peg, kab mob ntawm txoj hlab plawv, mob ntawm caj pas thiab qhov ncauj, thiab abscesses. Cov kws ua khoom noj nyiam nyiam cov hauv paus hniav qhuav, uas muaj cov ntxhiab tsw-cinnamon tsw. Pleasant hmoov yog ntxiv rau pastry, thiab cov tub ntxhais hluas nplooj - nyob rau hauv soups thiab zaub nyoos. Koj tuaj yeem paub cov nyom ntawm lub nrug, raws li nws cov sturdy stems nce mus txog 70 centimeters hauv siab. Outwardly, lawv yog ncaj, nrog ib tug me ntsis reddish tinge thiab tuab, nyuaj pawg. Cov nplooj yog basal, fastened on ntev petioles, muaj xws li 3-6 khub ntawm wedge-puab, ntseeg tau pubescent nplooj. Nyob rau hauv Tej zaum, ntau paj daj nrog ib lub cheeb txog 25 hli tshwm nyob rau perennial ntev peduncles.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Tshuaj herbal yog cov tshuaj tiv thaiv rau cov neeg muaj thrombophlebitis thiab arterial thrombosis.

Rau qhov

Fori Gravilat (Geum fauriei) yog ib lub siab ntev, ceg ntoo perennial nrog ib lub zog luv luv rhizome, hov paus pinnate foliage on tuft-tufted cuttings. Nyob rau hauv lub xeem xyoo caum May muaj tshwm me me teeb daj buds nrog ib lub cheeb ntawm mus txog 15 hli. Txiv hmab txiv ntoo globose, ripen nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-lub caij ntuj sov. Nyob rau hauv cov qus, tus tsiaj no muaj nyob hauv cov av qeeg hauv North America, zoo li nyob rau hauv Nyij Pooj, Tuam Tshoj, Kamchatka, thiab Kuril Islands. Lub perennial muaj ib tug high Frost tsis kam thiab yog tag undemanding mus rau tej yam kev mob ntawm cultivation.

Roob

Roob Gravilat (Geum montanum) yog nyob hauv cov teb chaws Europe. Qhov no nws yog ib tug herbaceous perennial nroj tsuag, uas yog characterized los ntawm tsawg stems (txog li 30 cm), txhav wrinkled foliage thiab ib lub khob-puab daj paj. Nyob rau hauv tag nrho qhia, buds nyob rau hauv lub cheeb muaj tsawg kawg 2.5 cm Lawv tshwm sim nyob rau thaum xaus ntawm lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav thiab flourish nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-Lub rau hli ntuj.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Tibetan tshuaj pom zoo kom tshem cov hlwv thiab cov pob kws nrog kev pabcuam crushed cov hauv paus hniav ntawm gravilat.

Florists feem ntau sow perennials nyob rau hauv mixborders thiab pob zeb lub vaj. Hauv tsev cog qoob, gravilat prefers tshav ntuj chaw, tsis nyiam crowding, yooj yim winters ntawm 30-degree frosts thiab tsis tau tshwj xeeb tu, uas attracts flora lovers.

Hybrid

Gravilat hybrid (Geum x hybridum) yog ib hom kab sib chaws uas sib txuas ua ke txhua daim qauv uas ua tiav thiab cov ntawv cog. Ntawm no koj tuaj yeem pom cov xeeb leej xeeb ntxwv uas yuav luag txhua hom kab mob uas paub, tab sis feem ntau yog cov derivatives ntawm Chilean thiab qaim liab. Txhua hybrid yog tshwj xeeb. Hom nyob rau hauv lawv tsuas yog tsawg Frost tsis kam, undemanding ntawm cov av thiab loj hlob tej yam kev mob. Qhov no pab pawg neeg ntawm perennials poob nyob rau hauv kev hlub nrog gardeners rau lub tsev kawm theem pib thiab ib tug ntau dav uas yuav los siav txhua saj.

Nrov ntau yam yog:

  • Golden West - muaj nuj nqis rau cov daj loj loj nrog qe dav dav.
  • Hluav taws Opal - sawv tawm vog liab ob lub paj paj buds.
  • Ruby - yog tsiag ntawv los ntawm medium-qhov loj qhov me carmine paj.
  • Gladys Perry - zoo ib yam hauv kev sib raug zoo ntawm qhov sib txawv ntawm qhov sib txawv ntawm cov xim liab khaus.
  • J. Bredshaw - yog qhov ntau tshaj plaws thiab nrhiav tom qab ntau yam, vim tias nws muaj kev lom zem heev Terry paj ntawm daj ntseg scarlet xim.
Nws tseem ceeb heev! Tag nrho cov gravity reacts tsis zoo rau acidic xau. Nyob rau hauv lub vaj teb, qhov teeb meem yog daws nrog kev pab ntawm zoo-paub pushonki, dolomite hmoov, cement hmoov av los yog qub qub plaster. Txhawm rau nruab ib cheeb tsam ib square meter ntawm cheeb tsam xaiv koj yuav tsum tau ua los ntawm 150 mus rau 300 g ntawm khoom.

Chilean

Chilian Gravilat (Geum chiliense) yog cov tsim los ntawm kev tua hlav uas ncab ntev txog 60 cm, nrog lub qhov rooj loj loj uas tsis muaj pinnate nplooj ntawv, ib qho muaj zog peduncle thiab pob liab liab-txiv kab ntxwv. Qhov zoo ntawm cov paj yog zoo heev rau cov me roses. Nyob rau hauv lub cheeb, lawv ncav cuag 3 cm. Perennial blooms nyob rau hauv lub lim tiam dhau ntawm lub rau hli ntuj thiab pleases nrog zoo nkauj paniculate buds kom txog thaum lig Autumn. Qhov no yog tej zaum qhov zoo tshaj plaws ntawm tag nrho cov saum toj no sau. Vim yog qhov zoo nkauj nplooj, cov nroj tsuag zoo li zoo thaum pib ntawm lub caij loj hlob thiab ntawm nws cov ncov. Qhov ntau yam yog cultivated txog 200 xyoo dhau los. Niaj hnub nim no paj growers, ua tsaug rau lub dag zog ntawm breeders, muaj ib tug loj xaiv ntawm loj-flowered ntau yam rau kev tsim kho av lawv cov cuab ntxhiab:

  • Pojniam Shtradeten - blooms daj tag nrho buds.
  • Fireball - muaj ib tug nplua nuj hluav taws nplaum tawg paj, txhua lub paj nyob rau hauv lub cheeb ncav 4 cm, flowering kav rau 2 lub hlis.
  • Goldball - qhov no perennial sawv tawm kub buds, Bloom uas kav txog ib nrab thiab ib nrab lub hlis.
Nws tseem ceeb heev! Cov khoom noj uas siv tau ntawm cov pa roj hmab yuav khaws cia tsis pub ntev tshaj 1 xyoos.

Rossa

Gravilat Rossa (Geum rossii) sib txawv ntawm nws cov counterparts nyob hauv lub cev muaj zog ntxiv. Nyob rau hauv cov qus, cov nroj tsuag tau cawm nruab nrab ntawm pob zeb North American meadows thiab txawm lub arctic tundra. Outwardly, nws yog ib medium-ceg Bush, mus txog 30 cm siab, nrog fleecy fleecy stems, ib tug loj rhizome thiab dawb paj. Qhov ntev ntawm lub buds ncav 1 cm. Cov nroj tsuag yog zoo yoog nyob rau hauv pob zeb teb, tsis xav tau av av, prefers kom loj hlob nyob rau hauv zoo-drained cheeb tsam. Thaum lub caij nplooj ntoos zom qe cog qoob loo, mus txog 35 cm Ib qho kev sib txawv ntawm daim ntawv no tseem tsis tau mus rau lub caij ntuj no - cov kab lis kev cai muaj peev xwm ciaj sia nyob rau lub caij ntuj no txawm nyob ntawm 35-degree txias.

Triflorum

Gravilat triflorum (Geum triflorum, Sieversia triflora) nyob rau hauv cov tsiaj qus xwm nyob hauv ntub swampy thiab pob zeb chaw. Externally, perennial yog ib tug ntom tsawg shrub txog li 30 cm thoob plaws. Qhov tseem ceeb ntawm daim ntawv no nyob rau hauv drooping tswb-puab paj ntawm nplua nuj daj-liab tones. Cov petals them nrog ntev, ntseeg tau pubescent burgundy sepals. Buds yog tsim nyob rau sab saum toj ntawm lub peduncle. Lawv tus naj npawb txawv ntawm 6 txog 12.

Koj puas paub? Pib, cov nroj tsuag tau hu ua kariofillat, uas yog txuam nrog kws tshuaj, uas yog siv los ntawm herbalists ntawm Nrab Hnub nyoog. Sij hawm dhau los, tib neeg simplified lo lus incomprehensible, tawm hauv qab nws lub accustomed "gravilat."
Nyob rau hauv toj roob hauv pes teb tsim lub nroj tsuag yog siv rau framing ciam teb, rabatok, zoo li rau tsim kom muaj kev npaj paj rau lawns. Cov phooj ywg zoo heev rau cov vaj huam sib luag yog phloxes, peonies, catchment bells, carnations. Tsis tas li ntawd, nyob rau hauv lub vaj teb nrog kev koom tes ntawm gravilat koj muaj peev xwm tsim ib lub vaj lub tsev muag tshuaj.

Загрузка...