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Vim li cas cov kua qaub no tshwm rau cov txiv hmab thiab yuav ua li cas nrog tus kab mob no?

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Mob ntawm txiv hmab txiv ntoo vape nrog mildew tau rhuv tag nrho cov qoob loo, yog li ntawd qhov teeb meem fungus yog nquag propagated.

Tab sis niaj hnub fungicide kev kho mob muaj peev xwm los tiv thaiv txawm ntau yam nws tus kab mob.

Cov cim qhia ntawm mildew on grapes

Nyob rau nplooj ntoos:
Thawj cov cim qhia ntawm mildew: zoo pom daj los yog xim av me ntsis rau ntawm nplooj ntawm grape tshwm, seemingly oily nyob rau hauv tsos. On cov tub ntxhais hluas nplooj, lawv yog hais txog qhov loj ntawm ib lub penny, zoo li lub voj voos, nyob rau ntawm lub qub - angular plia ntawm pwm, "stretch" raws leeg.

Tom qab ib lub sij hawm, ib qho mycelium tshwm nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm ib tug dawb cannon nyob rau nraum qab ntawm cov chaw uas tsuas.

Maj mam mob nplooj curl, curl.

Synonyms rau lub npe mildew on grapes yog: downy powdery mildew ntawm grapes, Plasmopara Viticola, Plasmopara viticola Berl. thiab Toni, mildew, thiab cov kab txawv cov kab txawv: mildew, mildew

On bunches:
Inflorescences tau txais kev tsis zoo los ntawm yellowness. Txhuam hniav, tig xim av. Tsis tsim tawm.

Cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo uas tau tswj kom muaj qhov luaj li cas, tab sis tseem tsis tau muaj tsos zoo, ua rau cov xim xiav, tom qab tig lub xim liab thiab zoo li lub pob kub tawm nrog cov pob txha pom.

Mycelium yog sib npaug zoo tsim nyob rau txhua qhov ntawm vine.

Diam duab

Yog xav paub ntxiv, zoo li mildew grapes tuaj yeem nyob hauv daim duab hauv qab no:

Thiab cov duab nram qab no qhia meej nyob rau hauv kev paub lub voj voog ntawm kev sib txuas ntawm downy mildew:

Qhov ua rau ntawm tus kab mob

Mildew - ib tug kab mob sib kis, mob sai spreading ntawm European vineyards.

Tsim tawm los ntawm fungus Plasmopar Viticola, uas tshwm nyob rau hauv Tebchaws Europe hauv xyoo 1878 vim tsis ua raws li kev cais kev txiavtxim rau cov kabmob qoob loo coj tuaj rau Fabkis tus tswv los ntawm American seedlings phylloxera.

Rau ob lub xyoos, qhov tshwm sim ntawm kab mob ntawm cov vineyards nrog mildew twb pom tsis tsuas yog nyob rau hauv ntau vines nyob rau hauv sab qab teb ntawm Fabkis, tab sis kuj nyob rau hauv lub cog ntawm Balkan thiab Caucasian cawu cub-growers.

Fungal zoospores overwinter nyob rau hauv lub hauv av. On lub vines poob nrog nrog sprays tias daim ntawv los ntawm raindrops ntaus hauv av.

Cov kab mob thij ob ntawm thaj chaw mob mus rau kev noj qab haus huv, tshwm sim ob qho tib si nrog nag thiab nrog kev pab ntawm cua.

Txij ntawm lub sij hawm lub phom hits cov nplooj kom txog rau thaum thawj cov paib tshwm sim, 4 hnub dhau yog huab cua txias siab tshaj 24 degrees.

Txoj kev ntawm kev tawm tsam thiab txoj kev kho mob

Qhov zoo siv tau tsuas yog los ntawm kev tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv raws sij hawm, txij li thaum thaum kis tau mus rau hauv nplooj, nws yog qhov nyuaj heev rau tua tus kab mob.

Cov txheej txheem yuav tsum tau ua:
Lub eradicating spraying ntawm cov av nyob rau hauv vine yuav tsum tau nqa tawm ua ntej thawj lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav los nag, sai li sai tau lub vines raug khi li thiab cov av yog loosened. Raws li ib qho kev ntsuas rau tshwj kom txhob mildew grapes siv nitrofen, kis 400 g ib kaum-thoob thoob dej.

Tom qab tillage nrog ib tug tshuaj tua kab mob, cov av yog mulched. Nyob rau hauv ib tes, qhov no yuav muab ib qho ntxiv kev tiv thaiv ntawm lub vine thiab fungus hibernating nyob rau hauv lub hauv av, nyob rau lwm cov tes, nws yuav muag lub slows ntawm raindrops rau hauv av.

Kho cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo ua mildew los ntawm cov foliar txau nrog lub cev fungicide Ridomilthaum 4 nplooj tshwm rau ntawm vine.

Rov qab-txau cov crests ntawm yav tom ntej pawg nrog Bordeaux kua ua ntej cov tsim pliaj pib tawg tuaj pab tiv thaiv cov zes qe menyuam thiab tiv thaiv cov mildew ua ntej lawv maturation.

Kev Tiv Thaiv

Yuav kom tiv thaiv lub grapes los ntawm mildew:
Lub caij nplooj ntoos zeeg hlawv tag nrho cov foliage, tua (yog hais tias tus kab mob twb tau tshwm sim nws tus kheej rau ntawm vine).

Rau sanitization tshuaj tsuag cov av: hlau los yog tooj liab sulphateLos ntawm kev ua cov kab ntawv raws li cov lus qhia, cov pej xeem tshuaj pab tua cov kab npua ntawm cov txiv hmab thiab qeeb qeeb. Nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav, cov av yog sprayed nrog ib tug fungicide sai li sai tau tom qab loosening cov av nyob rau hauv lub grapes.

Txawm mangeew-resistant grape ntau yam kho tau tsawg kawg yog ob zaug: ua ntej raws thawj nplooj, ces raws tsis tau tsis tau flowered tassels, tom qab uas tau muab tshem tawm ntau heev foliage (yog muaj) los ntawm Bush.

Tsis txhob cia cov vav overgrown nws ua rau cov nplooj ntoo ntau dhau lawm. Thaum cog seedlings, nco ntsoov tias Ridge tsis thickened.

Tsis txhob cog qoob loo uas tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv kab mob ntawm lub cev, yog tias koj ntshai tias koj yuav tsis muaj tshuaj tsuag rau lub sijhawm. Xyuas kom cov nroj tsuag tau txaus poov tshuaj.

Thaum mildew tshwm rau cov txiv hmab hauv cheeb tsam ze, ceev nrooj yuav tsum tau tiv thaiv ntawm lawv cov hmab, thiaj li tau txais kev pab ntawm cov cua thib ob.

Cov tooj liab-muaj cov ntsiab lus yuav hloov nrog cov tshuaj: Ditan M-45, Mancotseb, Polycarbacin. Txoj kev no yuav pab txuag tau cov txiv hmab los ntawm mildew, uas yog ua kom siab rau cov txheej txheem ua kom zoo dua hauv kev npaj tiv thaiv.

Nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov rainy, cov xov tooj ntawm cov kev kho mob yog nce nrog siv hu rau hauv yeeb tshuaj: Oxyh, Ridopolich, Mitsu. Qhov tso cai pes tsawg ntawm kev kho mob rau ib lub caij nyoog yog 8 npaug.

Ib lub hlis ua ntej qoob loo ripens, kev kho mob tawm tsam mildew yog nres.

Vulnerable ntau yam

Qhov feem ntau mildew-sensitive grape ntau yam:

  • Cardinal
  • Iranian Shahin
  • Kishmish radiant
  • Thaum ntxov Magaracha
  • Tshwj xeeb
  • Rizamat

Grape mildew yog ib qho kab mob kev tsis txaus ntseeg, tsuas yog "tos" rau tus txiv neej ua rau nws ua yuam kev thiab qeeb nrog kev tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv tawm tsam American Fungus. Yog li ntawd, yog hais tias xyoo tas los tus kab mob tau tshem tawm ib feem ntawm sau, ces tom ntej no xyoo, yuav tsev. Tsis txhob cia cov spores, wintering nyob rau hauv hauv av thiab poob nplooj, uas nyob twj ywm siv tau 5 xyoos, dua "noj" koj grapes.

Ntxiv nrog rau cov kua txiv hmab txiv ntoo tuaj yeem cuam tshuam rau cov kab mob nram no: anthracnose, kab mob bacterial, oidium, Alternaria, dawb, grey thiab paus rot, chlorosis, phylloxera, rubella, ntau yam kab mob thiab lwm tus.
Nyob zoo cov qhua! Sau rau hauv cov lus hauv qab txog pej xeem tshuaj, yuav ua li cas nrog mildew on grapes, yuav ua li cas kho tus kab mob no thiab yuav ua li cas kho cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo rau kev tiv thaiv.

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