Zaub vaj

Peb to taub dab tsi yog qhov txawv ntawm Suav cabbage thiab Peking, iceberg lettuce. Yog lawv zoo tshaj peb dawb?

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Peb kam nrog lawv txhua txhua hnub. Peb coj lawv ntawm lub khw, rhuav lawv tawm ntawm lub txaj thiab tsis tshua xav txog tej yam uas lawv muaj rau peb txoj kev noj qab haus huv. Tab sis qee lub sij hawm yooj yim thiab paub cov khoom yuav pleasantly surprise. Tag nrho cov paub Peking cabbage, piv txwv li.

Qhov no zoo kawg nkaus nroj tsuag, uas muaj ib tug loj ntawm cov khoom tseem ceeb, deserves kom tau paub nws zoo dua. Ib yam li nws cov neeg zej zos ntsuab nyob ntawm lub txee hauv khw. Nyob rau hauv tsab xov xwm peb yuav xav txog seb cov zaub qhwv Beijing thiab suav tau yog ib qho thiab tib yam, thiab Iceberg zaub qhwv. Peb muab cov lus qhia txog twg ntawm cov zaub yog ntau tseem ceeb, sib piv lawv nrog niaj zaus cabbage mus rau Russians.

Kev txhais kom meej thiab kev qhia txog botanical ntawm cov zaub

Beijing

Beijing cabbage yog ib tug cabbage qoob loo, ib tug subspecies ntawm turnip. Ib tug biennial nroj tsuag, tab sis zus hauv kev ua liaj ua teb raws li ib xyoo. Cov nroj tsuag kuj paub los ntawm xws li cov npe li lettuce, petsai los yog suav lettuce.

"Peking" muaj heev kev sib tw, muaj kua nplooj ntawm oblong duab. Yoojyim los yog jagged rau ntawm cov ntug, nrog ib tug dawb projecting cov leeg leeg. Khoom noj, sessile, nrog rau ib daim hlav wrinkled-oev hniav, qhov siab ntawm 15 mus rau 35 cm. Cov xim yuav yog los ntawm daj kom ci ntsuab. Qee lub sij hawm muaj qaug zog pubescence ntawm lub hauv paus ntawm nplooj. Lawv koom ua ke hauv lub qhov (socket) lossis lub taub hau me me.

Qhov no hom cabbage yuav muaj peev xwm thov tus qoob loo nyob rau hauv cia li ob lub hlis tom qab cog.

95% ntawm cov nroj tsuag muaj dej. Cov khoom ntawm cov khoom muaj xws li ntau yam proteins, cov rog thiab carbohydrates, fiber.

Cov khoom yog nplua nuj nyob rau hauv cov vitamins A, B, C, E, PP thiab microelements:

  • Muaj ib qho tseem ceeb heev amino acid lysine, uas yog tsim nyog rau kev loj hlob thiab kev tsim kho cov ntaub so ntswg thiab muaj cov cuab yeej antiseptic.
  • Txhim kho lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob, txhawb nqa cov hlab plawv thiab lub plab hnyuv.
  • Nws pab tshem tawm cov hnyuv hlau tawm los ntawm lub cev.
  • Nws yog pom zoo rau cov kab mob ntawm cov pob qij txha thiab gout.
  • Nws pab ntxiv dag zog rau lub hlwb, pab daws kev nyuaj siab thiab kev nyuab siab, swb kev mob nkeeg.
  • Kho cov kab mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij.

Dawb-taws

Dawb cabbage (vaj) - ib tug biennial nroj tsuag, ua liaj ua teb qoob loo; ib hom ntawm cov noob txiv Cabbage, cabbage family or Cruciferous. Hauv kev ua liaj ua teb, cog qoob li txhua xyoo. Cov nplooj ntawm shortened qia ntawm cov nroj tsuag uas sau nyob rau hauv lub taub hau. Nyob rau hauv cov duab, lawv muaj peev xwm yuav oval, npawv, ca los yog conical. Lub ntom ntawm ntau yam sib txawv yog txawv.

Cov nplooj yog loj, yooj yim, ywj, nrog ib tus ntug. Nrog me me petioles los yog sessile. Cov xim ntawm lub Upper nplooj yog feem ntau ntsuab, ib co ntau yam muaj ib tug liab hue. Cov ntawv txhuab puab yog dawb, qee zaum yellowish. Lub voos lub ntsiab ntawm nplooj ntoos yog tuab, ntseeg tau protruding. Nyob rau hauv Nyiv, cabbage yog zus raws li ib tug ornamental nroj.

Muaj ntau cov vitamins, nrog rau cov vitamin U tsawg thiab cov kab uas muaj xws li magnesium, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, zinc, sulfur, iodine, phosphorus. Thiab kuj fructose, pantothenic thiab folic acids, fiber ntau thiab coarse kev noj haus fiber ntau.
  • Compresses los ntawm nplooj ntawm no kab lis kev cai pab kom txo kev o thiab muaj ib qho kev mob analgesic.
  • Tsis tas li ntawd, cabbage muaj anti-inflammatory zog, nws stimulates lub metabolic kev ntawm lub cev, muaj ib tug zoo zoo rau lub chaw ua hauj lwm ntawm lub plab thiab lub plawv.
  • Cov khoom no kuj tseem yuav pab tau rau cov neeg muaj kab mob hauv lub raum, kab mob gallstone thiab ischemia.

Iceberg zaub xam lav

Iceberg lettuce yog zaub qoob loo ntawm Latuk genus ntawm Astrov tsev neeg. Hais rau lub taub hau lettuce. Cov nplooj yog sab, lub teeb ntsuab, muaj kua thiab crispy nyob rau hauv saj. Lawv tuaj yeem ua tau zoo lossis qw, me ntsis ntim rau sab nraud thiab ntau qhov kev cog lus hauv nruab nrab. Sau rau hauv me me, xoob cabbages, zoo li cabbage.

Zaub xam lav tau txais nws lub npe tom qab xyoo 1926 hauv Amelikas tau pib thauj khoom, ntog pw tsaug zog nrog dej khov.

Cov khoom yog nplua nuj folic acid, vitamins C, B, K thiab A, choline. Tsis tas li ntawd, lub zaub xam lav muaj phosphorus, potassium, calcium, sodium, tooj liab thiab magnesium.

  • Fiber ntau thiab khoom noj muaj fiber ntau hauv cov zaub xam lav, yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev sib ntaus rau ib daim duab, raws li lawv txhim kho plab hnyuv quav.
  • Cov khoom tsim rau cov kev cai ntawm cov metabolism hauv lub cev thiab txhim kho cov ntshav muaj pes tsawg leeg.
  • Folic acid, uas yog li nplua nuj nyob rau hauv daim ntawv thov lettuce, pab ntxiv dag zog rau qhov poob siab system.
  • Nws kuj pab tiv thaiv kev ntxhov siab thiab kev siab ntsws.
  • Nws raug nquahu kom mob siab rau lub hlwb, xws li kev kuaj mob.

Suav

Suav cabbage yog ib tug cultivated nroj tsuag ntawm Cabbage tsev neeg, ib tug subspecies ntawm Turnip. Tsis txhob ua ib lub taub hau. Upright yoojyim rau succulent ob txhais ceg mus txog 30 cm nyob rau hauv qhov siab yog sau nyob rau hauv lub qhov hluav taws xob. Muaj ob ntau yam uas tuaj yeem sib txawv los ntawm xim. Ib qho ntawm feem ntau ntau yam ntawm Suav cabbage - bok-choi. Dav siv nyob rau hauv Suav zaub mov.

Txhais los ntawm Suav "bok-choi" txhais tau hais tias "tus nees lub pob ntseg."

Cov khoom muaj nqis ntawm Suav cabbage muaj xws li cov vitamins A, K, C, PP thiab B, kab kawm phosphorus, potassium, calcium, sodium thiab hlau. Zoo li lwm yam ntawm cov qhwv zaub mov, Suav muaj ib tug loj npaum li cas ntawm natural amino acids, lysine thiab fiber.

  • No qes-calorie khoom yuav ua tau zoo noj tau los ntawm cov neeg uas saib lawv qhov nyhav.
  • Kev siv ntawm Suav cabbage yog ib qho kev tiv thaiv zoo ntawm cem quav, zoo li ib txoj kev zoo los ntxuav cov hnyuv ntawm co toxins, roj cholesterol thiab lwm yam tshuaj phem.
  • Cov nplooj ntawm cov nroj tsuag muaj ascorbic acid, uas yog heev pab tau thiab tsim nyog rau tib neeg noj qab haus huv.
  • Nrog rau kev siv, cov khoom ua rau lub cev hloov ntawm cov hlab ntsha thiab ua rau daim tawv nqaij ntau dua.
  • Tsis tas li ntawd normalizes ntshav clotting thiab accelerates lub daim ntawv rov ntxiv ntawm cov tawv nqaij hlwb.
  • Muaj cov vitamins uas zoo rau pom.
  • Pab nrog anemia.
  • Suav cabbage kua txiv muaj ib tug bactericidal siv, yuav siv tau los kho cov hlawv, mob nqaij thiab qhov txhab.
  • Folic acid nyob rau hauv qhov muaj pes tsawg leeg ntawm cov khoom tsim nyog rau lub hlwb ua hauj lwm thiab rau tag nrho kev loj hlob ntawm fetus thaum lub sij hawm cev xeeb tub.

Ntsuam xyuas ntawm qhov sib txawv ntawm Peking cabbage

Los ntawm iceberg

Iceberg lettuce thiab Peking cabbage yog li nyob ze rau hauv cov nroj tsuag thiab cov vaj tsev niam txiv feem ntau hloov ib lub zaub nrog lwm tus hauv cov tais diav txawv.

Ob qho tib si ntawm cov kab lis kev cai muaj cov kua txiv hmab txiv ntoo. Beijing thiab Iceberg txawv nyob rau hauv cov duab ntawm nplooj thiab lub taub hau.

Peking nplooj muaj ib tug elongated duab, cabbages yog cylindrical.

Lub taub hau ntawm Iceberg lettuce yog npawv, ntau tshaj li ib tug cabbage. Tab sis thaum ze ze, round, nyias, voluminous nplooj ntawv thiab lawv cov txheej txheem looser qhia hais tias qhov no yog raws nraim lub zaub xam lav.

Los ntawm dawb

Beijing cabbage txawv ntawm dawb cabbage nyob rau hauv cov duab thiab ntom ntawm hau. Cov nplooj ntawm vaj teb cabbage yog puag ncig, ywj thiab tus, lub cabbages yog puag ncig thiab ntom. Nyob rau hauv Beijing - muag heev nyias oval nplooj yog sau nyob rau hauv ib tug xoob lub taub hau ntawm ib tug cylindrical duab.

Beijing cabbage combines lub zog ntawm lettuce thiab cabbage. Tab sis tsis muaj ntawm cov nroj tsuag yuav cawm tsis tau tag nrho cov muaj cov vitamins thaum lub sij hawm lub caij ntuj no. Tsuas yog Beijing cabbage muaj xws li ib qho cuab yeej amazing.

Los ntawm suav

Suav cabbage, tsis zoo li Peking, tsis ua hau. Beijing cabbage nplooj muaj ntau kev sib tw thiab muaj kua. Lub stalk ntawm Suav cabbage yog ntau coarse, maj tsiv mus rau hauv lub hauv paus ib feem ntawm nplooj ntoos leeg. Rau peking, ib tug dawb, ca los yog daim duab triangular veins nyob rau hauv nruab nrab ntawm nplooj ntoos yog yam ntxwv. Beijing cabbage yog ntau loj tshaj Suav cabbage.

Tag nrho cov zaub no muaj ntau hom kev noj qab haus huv thiab pab peb tshem ntawm ntau yam mob. Lawv ua rau peb yau thiab zoo nkauj dua. Lawv txhawb los ua ntau hom khoom noj sib txawv thiab muab lawv saj tsis tau. Zoo, uas ntawm no zoo kawg nkaus nroj tsuag muab preference yog ib tug teeb meem ntawm saj ntawm txhua ntawm peb.

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