Kua

Yuav ua li cas loj hlob Kua ntau yam Delight nyob rau hauv nws vaj

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Kua ntoo Delight attracts gardeners nrog ntau yam lus piav qhia. Nws cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo nyiam qhov loj me me, lub qhov ncauj-dej liab liab thiab cov nplua nuj aroma. Lawv cov qab ntxiag qab saj nrog cov ntawv sau pleev xim thiab lub teeb ci qaub ncaug yog kev txaus siab. Txawm zoo li thaum ntxov kom loj hlob ntawm Kua ntoo, lawv tsis kam mus rau tus kab mob thiab Frost. Cia peb sim nkag siab cov khoom thiab cov khoom noj ntawm cov khoom noj tshiab no, nrog rau kev tshawb xyuas cov yam ntxwv ntawm tsob ntoo.

Koj puas paub? Nyob rau hauv lub composition ntawm apples ntau yam Uslada yog muaj: qab zib - txog li 12.8%; titrated acidity - 0.68%; tannins - 70 mg / 100 g; ascorbic acid - 25.1 mg / 100 g; P-nquag paug - 0.15 mg / 100 g; pectins - 10.3%.

Lub keeb kwm ntawm tsim ntau yam ntawm Kua Delight

Ntau tshaj li tsib caug xyoo dhau los no, tus kws kho mob uas paub zoo tshaj plaws hauv Lavxias teb sab, yog ib tug neeg ntawm Michurin, S. I. Isaev, tau tsim muaj ntau yam tshiab thaum lub caij nplooj zeeg. Qhov tshwm sim tau txais nyob rau hauv lub vaj botanical ntawm Moscow University lub npe tom qab Lomonosov los ntawm txoj kev rov hla cov tsiaj qus thiab cog qoob loo ntawm cov ntoo hauv paus. Nyob hauv txoj kev sim, nrog lwm yam, kev siv cuttings ntawm Narodnoe, Severyanka, thiab Taiga tau siv. Rau 35 xyoo, qhov ntau tau raug kawm, sim. Tsis ntev tom ntej, Ulad tau hloov zuj zus rau lwm thaj chaw ntawm lub teb chaws, ua kom muaj peev xwm tiv thaiv kabmob thiab muaj zog nyob hauv nws. Zoned kua ntoo muaj ntse kis txawm mus rau rainy, damp thaj tsam ntawm Russia thiab tshaj.

Yam ntxwv Yam ntxwv Uslada

Feature ntawm Kua ntoo Delight - nyob rau hauv unpretentiousness loj hlob rau tej yam kev mob, txias tsis kam, tsis kam mus rau cov kab mob thiab siab saj ntawm txiv hmab txiv ntoo.

Tsob ntoo piav qhia

Lub kua ntoo ntawm Uslada, ntawm qhov nruab nrab, tsis ncav tsis siab tshaj 3 meters thiab yog ib qho kev xav tias yog semi-ntsias. Lub krone zuj zus, nws ua rau kom tuab, uas tiv thaiv nws ntawm tag nrho kev tsim. Nyob rau hauv ib tsob ntoo hluas, nws tau txais ib hom kab xauv npo, thaum nyob rau hauv ntau dua ib tug nws hloov mus rau hauv ib lub qij. Ib lub cev tswm ciab pib dais txiv hmab txiv ntoo nyob rau hauv 4-5 xyoo thiab coj tau ib qho khoom plig zoo nkauj txhua xyoo - txog li 80 kilograms los ntawm txhua tsob ntoo kua. Lub pob tw thiab cov ceg ntoo ua tsaus ua dub li thaum lawv loj hlob thiab loj hlob vertically nrog me ntsis nqes hav. Cov tub ntxhais hluas tua nplua nuj xim av, tsis tuab, me ntsis them nrog down. Buds kuj pubescent, me me, nias mus rau germ. Yoojyim ovate, loj, nrog ntev luv luv thaum kawg, fleecy los ntawm hauv qab no.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Yog hais tias txhua txhua xyoo koj tsis txiav tus ceg, lub tsob ntoo kua yuav thicken, nws yuav coj ib tug me me qoob loo ntawm ntau ntau thiab tsawg nws yuav nres txiv hmab txiv ntoo nyob rau hauv tag nrho.

Txiv Hmab Txiv Ntoo Txheej

Kua ntoo coj ib txwm thiab tshaj sau qoob. Yog hais tias tsob ntoo loj hlob ntawm nutrient-nplua nuj, zoo loosened av, lub siab tshaj plaws qhov ceeb thawj ntawm ib qho kua txiv Delights muaj peev xwm ncav cuag 200 g Nyob rau cov neeg pluag xau, nws ranges los ntawm 100-140 g.

Txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog ib puag ncig los yog me ntsis oblong, tsis yog ribbed, lawv tsw deliciously zoo li raspberries, thaum ripe lawv tau ib lub ci xim liab los yog liab ntxoov ntxoo, uas tej zaum sib txuas ntxiv ntawm yellow-ntsuab tawg tsam. Daim tawv nqaij yog ywj, nyias nrog meej heev heev dawb dots. Cov nqaij yog muaj kua, qab ntxiag mus rau lub saj, feem ntau dawb, tab sis nws tej zaum yuav daj ntseg liab. Apples ntawm no ntau yam yog cov zoo tshiab thiab nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov hom ntawm lub hom phiaj npaj. Txawm nyob rau hauv cov kaus poom txiv hmab txiv ntoo, noj qab haus huv vitamins, pectins thiab natural sugars yog khaws cia. Los ntawm nruab nrab ntawm lub caij ntuj sov mus rau thaum pib ntawm Autumn, lub sij hawm ntawm ripening ntawm lub txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm lub Kua ntoo Delight ntev. Nws yog pom zoo kom sau lawv tsis paub qab hau, ua tib zoo tshem tawm ntawm tsob ntoo. Nyob rau hauv xws li ib rooj plaub, lawv yuav nyob twj ywm kom txog thaum Lub Ib Hlis. Rau zoo dua txuag, lub txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog muab tso rau hauv ntoo thawv thiab xa mus rau cellar. Ib co hostesses so txhua lub kua txiv hmab txiv ntoo nrog ib ntswg moistened nrog cawv kom tsis txhob rotting, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog ua tib zoo kho thaj tsam ze ntawm tus Tsov tus tw.

Los ntawm txoj kev, overripe txiv hmab txiv ntoo tsis showered los ntawm ceg. Nws yog qhov zoo dua rau kev zom khoom dua los yog noj khoom noj. Hauv qab huab cua, lawv pw tsis pub ntev tshaj ib hlis.

Zoo thiab qhov tsis zoo ntawm lub kua ntau "Uslada"

Tom qab ntsuas txhua tus yam ntxwv ntawm ntau yam, nws cov lus piav qhia thiab kev txheeb xyuas ntawm kev paub gardeners, peb muaj peev xwm xaus rau lub predominance ntawm zoo zoo ntawm Delights.

Zoo rau kev pom zoo:

  • kev hloov ntawm ntau yam rau peb cov kev latitudes thiab cov xwm txheej muaj huab cua;
  • endurance kom txias thiab tsawg kub, txawm tias tub ntxhais hluas kua ntau hom ntawm Uslada yuav tsis raug kev txom nyem nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj no heev;
  • tsis kam mus rau scab thiab lwm yam kab mob;
  • txiv hmab txiv ntoo saj;
  • thaum ntxov fruiting;
  • tsis tu ncua thiab ntau dua;
  • zoo preservation ntawm apples nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj no;
  • zoo rau cov sau qoob nrog ib lub hom phiaj ua lag luam - cov txiv apples loj loj hauv kev ua lag luam, lawv saib zoo heev thiab tsis hnov ​​tsw qab;
  • unpretentiousness ntawm tsob ntoo cog thiab tu.

Koj puas paub? Apples Vitamin C yog ob zaug ntau dua nyob rau hauv apples tshaj, piv txwv li, nyob rau hauv Antonovka.

Ntawm qhov shortcomings ntawm ntau yam - qhov yuav tsum tau rau li niaj zaus competent pruning ntawm crown. Nws tsis tuaj yeem tsis quav ntsej qhov kev txwv no, txwv tsis pub cov ceg yuav loj hlob zoo, tso tawm tshiab, thiaj li hu ua "tops", uas yuav ua rau kev puas tsuaj rau zaub mov. Lub thickened crown yuav sai sai rau ntawm ntau thiab zoo ntawm qoob loo. Tab sis nws yog ib qho yooj yim kho, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog ib tsob ntoo tsawg. By cons delights yuav tsum ntaus nqi, thiab tus kheej-barrenness ntau yam. Rau pollination, gardeners pom zoo kom cog lwm hom ntawm cov ntoo ntawm ib sab ntawm lub vaj.

Pollination ntawm Kua ntau yam Uslada

Rau Cross-pollination, peb pom zoo kom lub zej zog Delights thiab Kua ntoo ntawm lub caij ntuj no ntau yam, li zoo li Papy.

Zoo li cov pollinators tau pov thawj lawv tus kheej:

  • Thawj Tswj Hwm;
  • Orlik;
  • Bogatyr;
  • Pear;
  • Welsey;
  • Cowberry;
  • Bolotovskoe.

Rau tag nrho txoj kev loj hlob, qhov deb ntawm cov ntoo nyob rau hauv lub vaj yuav tsum nyob rau hauv 4-5 meters.

Cov tswv yim rau cog Kua ntoo seedlings

Yog hais tias tsob ntoo muaj kev mob zoo rau lub caij cog qoob, nws yuav ua tsaug rau qhov sau, uas tsis txaus rau koj tsev neeg xwb, koj tuaj yeem tau txais nyiaj rau nws. Kua ntoo Uslada practically tsis muaj peculiarities cog thiab tu, vim hais tias nws tsis yog ib tug capricious kab lis kev cai.

Cov hnub yuav tsaws thiab xaiv qhov chaw

Txawm tias koj txiav txim siab los cog Delight, nws yuav siv sij hawm hauv paus ntawm cov av. Feem ntau cov khaubncaws, tsob ntoo yuav hnov ​​nws tus kheej nyob rau ntawm cov dej khov thiab ua pa chernozem, thaj chaw zoo li lwm cov ntoo. Nyob rau hauv ntxoov ntxoo, cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo yuav poob lawv cov suab thaj, thiab tawm los yuav txo. Tsis tas li ntawd, tsob ntoo tsis nyiam nyob ze cov av. Nco ntsoov tias lawv yog tsawg kawg 2-3 meters tseg. Thaum muaj dej nyab hauv qhov chaw, koj yuav tsum tau thaj av Delight rau hauv toj siab thiab kom tsis txhob poob ntawm dej, cov kua zoo yuav tsum tau pom.

Qhov zoo tshaj plaws lub sij hawm rau kev cog ntoo ntawm tsob ntoo uas muaj tsob ntoo av. Teb chaws Asmeskas tau pom thaum ntxov caij nplooj ntoos hlav, thaum cov daus tawg thiab lub ntiaj teb tau sov txaus. Ib txhia gardeners nyiam lub caij nplooj zeeg caij nplooj zeeg rau cog hauv lub xyoo caum kawg ntawm lub Cuaj Hlis thiab lub Kaum Hli Ntuj thaum ntxov. Nyob rau hauv lawv lub tswv yim, cultivation tshwm sim ntau ntau ntse, vim hais tias ib tug muaj zog paus system muaj lub sij hawm rau daim ntawv ua ntej pib ntawm loj hlob rau lub caij. Qhov no yuav pab rau huab cua ntub dej. Nyob rau sab qaum teb thaj tsam ntawm lub teb chaws, yuav tsaws tau pom zoo kom tau nqa tawm me ntsis ua ntej, tsom ntawm cov nyom climatic.

Npaj ua hauj lwm ua ntej yuav tsaws

Cov av rau caij nplooj ntoos hlav cog yog npaj nyob rau hauv Autumn, thiab rau Autumn - ib lub hlis ua ntej cog lub seedlings. Thawj zaug ntawm tag nrho cov, nws yog loosened los ntawm ua tib zoo tshem lub keeb kwm ntawm perennial weeds. Ces cov av fertilized by mixing 8 kg ntawm manure, 10 kg ntawm peat, 100 g ntawm superphosphate thiab 40 g ntawm poov tshuaj sulfate los yog poov tshuaj ntsev ib square Meter ntawm vaj.

Yog hais tias lub site nyob rau hauv venting, nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos zeeg nws yuav tsum tau ua tib zoo dug thiaj li tsis mus ua puas lub tubers ntawm lub ntiaj teb. Tshaj tawm lub caij ntuj no lub turf yuav decompose. Thaum pib ntawm caij nplooj ntoos hlav, av yog harrowed, thiab nyob rau hauv Tej zaum lawv tseem rov khawb. Kev saib xyuas zoo yuav tsum tau them nyiaj rau lub acidity ntawm cov av. Tus txheej txheem rau cov ntoo hauv paus yog xav tau ib lub pH ntawm 5.5-6.5. Yog tias nws siab dua, koj yuav tsum ua cov txiv qaub txiv tua hluav taws. Lwm tus gardeners pom zoo kom siv cov hmoov av dolomite los yog cov tiaj nyom marl kom txo cov kua qaub.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Txiv qaub yog tsis tov nrog phosphate chiv, txij li thaum lawv ua nyob rau hauv cov txheej txheem ntawm ib tug tshuaj tiv thaiv insoluble. Txiv qaub kuj tseem tsis tau siv tib lub sij hawm tib lub sij hawm tib lub cev vim muaj cov kua qaub loj heev.

Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb mus rau kev cog qoob loo ntawm ib thaj av tshiab ob xyoo ua ntej tso ntawm lub vaj. Ib ob peb lub lis piam ua ntej cog cov noob ntoo, Uslada yuav siv sij hawm rau kev npaj ntawm lub qhov. Lawv khawb hauv qhov tob los ntawm 70-90 cm thiab dav dav los ntawm 50-70 cm. Nyob rau tib lub sij hawm, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau nteg cov av los ntawm txheej txheej nyob rau hauv ib lub siab, thiab los ntawm qis - tsawg fertile - nyob rau hauv lwm.

Cov kev cai no yuav tsum tsis txhob muab tso tseg, txij li thaum lub caij cog qoob loo peb yuav nphoo tsob ntoo nrog enriched av, i.e raug tshem tawm ntawm txheej. Ces hauv qab ntawm tus dej tsawb yog ua tib zoo dej nyab thiab ib qho ua ntej npaj sau sib tov yog poured nrog ib pov toj, uas yog pom zoo kom tsis txhob npaj rau hauv qhov dej, tab sis nyob ze nws, uas yuav cia sib tov nrog fertilizer nrog fertile av los ntawm txheej txheej. Tom qab ntawd, qhov pit yog them nrog ib zaj duab xis, txuag tau los nag. Tom qab 14 hnub, lub ntiaj teb yuav tawg, thiab koj muaj peev xwm bury lub seedling. Thaum cog, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau kom ncaj ncaj nws cov keeb kwm thiab dej lawv nplua mias. Ua ntej lub keeb kwm yuav tsum tau kho av nplaum mash.

Peb muaj peev xwm los mus sau qhov zoo tshaj plaws ua tswv yim gardeners on npaj ntawm nutrient mixtures rau cog Kua ntoo:

  • ntxiv 10 kg ntawm humus (yuav hloov los ntawm compost), 20 g ntawm superphosphate, 15 g ntawm potash chiv;
  • ib tug cog zoo yuav tsum tau 2 lub thoob ntawm humus los yog compost, 3 thoob ntawm peat crumb, 1 kg ntawm granulated superphosphate thiab ntoo tshauv;
  • yog hais tias tsis muaj cov pob zeb hauv av, lawv yuav zoo los hloov cov organic - cov thooj av thiab av;
  • nws yog categorically tsis pom zoo siv fresh man ua fertilizer: los ntawm kev tso cov ammonia thiab hydrogen sulfide, nws tshuaj yauv lub ywm paus system;
  • txiv qaub thiab nitrogen-muaj chiv tsis tau ntxiv rau kev sib tov sib xyaw vim lawv tsis tuaj yeem ua rau lub hauv paus ntawm cov nroj tsuag;
  • ntoo tshauv yuav hloov nrog potassium sulfate (txog 150 g yuav tsum tau ib tug zoo), nyob rau hauv qhov tsis muaj ob qho tib si, 100 g ntawm poov tshuaj chloride yog ntxiv rau sib tov;
  • on sandy xau, kwv yees li 10 cm ntawm ib tug sib tov ntawm humus thiab loamy av yog ntxiv rau hauv qab ntawm qhov zoo rau tuav noo noo. Thiab kuj yuav tsum tau potassium magnesia.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Thaum cog ib tug seedling, hauv paus caj dab yuav tsum sawv 5-7 cm saum toj no rau hauv av.

Seedling cog tswvyim

Txawm tias cov xwm txheej me me ntawm cov ntoo hauv av ntawm Uslada ntau, lawv cog tau deb ntawm lwm cov ntoo, uas ua rau lawv muaj teeb pom kev zoo thiab kev loj hlob tag nrho. Nyob rau hauv lub tswv yim piav nyob rau hauv scientific ntaub ntawv, ib tug kab spacing ntawm 3-5 meters yog foreseen, thiab qhov deb nruab nrab ntawm Kua ntoo nyob rau hauv kab yog 2-3 meters. Ib lub lim tiam tom qab cog, cov av nyob ze lub yub no yog mulched thiab re-watered. Tsob ntoo yuav tsum tau khi rau thawj zaug kom pegs.

Kua Cov Tswv Yim Kho

Rau tag nrho kev loj hlob ntawm cov piav ntau yam, raws sij hawm txiav ntawm ceg thiab hnav khaub ncaws, av loosening thiab systematic watering yog tsim nyog. Qhov feem ntau troublesome yog pruning kua delight. Lwm cov kev cai, xws li hauv lwm hom qes-loj hlob.

Watering, loosening thiab weeding lub av

4-5 zaug hauv ib lub hlis, Delight xav tau kev ywg dej. Hauv qab ib tsob ntoo laus, koj yuav tsum tau nchuav ib thoob dej ib hnub ob zaug. Watering yog zoo tshaj plaws ua nyob rau hauv thaum sawv ntxov thiab yav tsaus ntuj. Lub caij tseem ceeb heev los ntawm qhov nruab nrab mus rau thaum xaus ntawm lub caij ntuj sov, thaum lub sij hawm fruiting lub sij hawm. Nyob rau tib lub sij hawm, lub buds ntawm lub neej yav tom ntej sau yog tsim. Yog li ntawd, thiaj li tsis txhob plam nws, koj xav tau tiag tiag xav txog cov dej cai ntawm cov nroj tsuag. Nyob rau hauv lub yim hli ntuj, watering ntawm tsob ntoo yog nres, pub kom tus tua yuav nkag mus rau ib tug ntev txoj kev loj hlob, uas muaj peev xwm yuav xav txog nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj no nyob rau hauv loj heev frosts. Yog hais tias lub caij ntuj sov yog kub, watering txuas ntxiv kom txog rau thaum huab cua txias, thiaj li hais tias lub kua ntoo stretched tawm noo noo. Periodically tsis txhob hnov ​​qab kom plam cov av thiab tshem tawm cov nroj.

Fertilization

Sab saum toj hnav khaub ncaws ntawm ib qho kua ntoo pib nyob rau hauv caij nplooj ntoos hlav, thaum lub sij hawm active flowering. Gardeners dav siv pob zeb hauv av thiab cov organic chiv. Feem ntau, los ntawm 5 mus rau 15 kg ntawm humus los yog nees humus (yuav hloov nrog noog droppings los yog compost) yog siv ib square Meter ntawm ntoo trunks. Tsis tas li ntawd npaj ib tug tov ntawm 500 g ntawm urea thiab 40 g ntawm ammonium nitrate, nitroammofoski. Dej yog poured rau hauv tshwj xeeb uas tau npaj qhov nyob rau hauv cov av, mus txog 30 cm tob, uas yog leveled tom qab watering.

Txhua lub caij nplooj zeeg, thaum cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo twb tau tua, tsob ntoo yog pub nrog chiv uas tsis muaj nitrogen. Tshwj xeeb feem ntau pluag, cov av ntawm cov av yuav tsum tau ua li no.

Koj puas paub? Kua lub neej - los ntawm 20 mus rau 50 xyoo.

Tiv thaiv kev kho mob rau cov kab thiab kab mob

Breeders tau saib xyuas ntawm lub ruaj ntseg ntawm lub kua Delight mus rau tus kab mob. Tab sis kev tiv thaiv tsis raug mob. Rau qhov kawg no, txhua xyoo nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos zeeg raug tshem tawm los ntawm lub vaj teb ntawm nplooj poob, yog li ntawd cov kab mob tsis yug thiab nas tsuag tsis zais. Nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov caij nplooj ntoos hlav, ua ntej Bud so, tsob ntoo kho nrog Bordeaux sib tov: 250 g ntawm unsold txiv qaub yog diluted nyob rau hauv 10 liv dej txias, thiab 250 g ntawm tooj liab sulfate yog yaj nyob rau hauv 2.5 liv dej sov. Txiav qhov xub thawj, nws yog chav nrog ob thiab ua tib zoo xyaw.

Nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm ntawm Bud so, Kua trunks thiab ceg, thiab raws li pristolovoe av yog sprayed nrog insecticides. Cov tshuaj Voliam Targo, Insegar, Nurell D tau pom zoo rau lawv tus kheej zoo.

Pruning

Nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov caij nplooj ntoos hlav, thaum SAP khiav pib, cov ceg yuav tsum tau txiav. Txoj haujlwm tseem ceeb ntawm txoj kev zoo li no yog tshem tawm "sab saum toj" thiab thinning lub yas. Nyob rau hauv tus txheej txheem ntawm kev ua hauj lwm, nws yog ib qhov tsim nyog los xyuas kom meej tias cov ceg tsis obscure txhua lwm. Nyob rau hauv paub tab ntoo, tu lub crown muaj txhawb rau lawv rejuvenation. Los ntawm txoj kev, shortening tus ceg, koj muaj peev xwm kuj kho lub yield, qab zib cov ntsiab lus thiab qhov loj ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo, tus xov tooj ntawm cov pests ntawm cov nroj tsuag.

Muaj cov cai tswj kom muaj peev xwm ua tau cov ntoo hauv qab:

  1. Txiav los ntawm ib tug thib peb ceg ntawm sapling thaum cog accelerate qhov tso ntawm lub crown.
  2. Systematic pruning yuav tsum tau ua txhua txhua xyoo nyob rau hauv lub peb hlis ntuj-Plaub Hlis Ntuj, ua ntej lub buds Bloom. Autumn pruning yog tsis pom zoo.
  3. Cov lus nug yuav tsum yog ntse.
  4. Yog hais tias nws yog tsim nyog los tshem tawm tag nrho ceg, qhov kev txiav yuav tsum dhau ntawm lub hauv paus, yam uas tsis muaj stumps.
  5. Qhov chaw txiav txiav nrog vaj twawb.
  6. Strongly drooping ceg, dai nrog txiv hmab txiv ntoo, nyob rau hauv cov cases uas lawv dag rau hauv av, huv si.
  7. Thaum pruning cov tub ntxhais hluas tua, nyiam yog muab rau cov muaj zog thiab loj hlob ncaj. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom tsis txhob cuam tshuam nrog "saum toj".
  8. "Sab saum toj" raug tshem tawm tsis muaj kev khuv leej dab tsi.
  9. Txiav tsis pub ntau tshaj ¼ tua kom tsis txhob raug mob ntawm tsob ntoo.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Thiaj li rau cov tub ntxhais hluas tsob ntoo tuaj yeem ua zoo dua, thawj xyoo tom qab cog txog li ntawm 80-100% ntawm cov paj raug txiav tawm ntawm nws. Thiab nyob rau hauv lub neej yav tom ntej, tau tshem ntawm ib nrab ntawm cov "zelenushek".

Tiv thaiv tau kua los ntawm hares

Tiv thaiv kom tsiv lub tsob ntoo caij ntuj no tsis tuaj yeem tiv thaiv nas. Yuav kom pab cov txiv ntoo hauv qab, lawv cov kab hauv qab yog khi nrog cov ceg ntoo, khoob rau hauv vov tsev, ua yeeb yaj kiab los yog mesh, smeared nrog deterring mixtures. Rau lawv cov kev npaj siv ntses roj, naphthalene, lard. Cov tshuaj tsw qab no txhais tau tias yog kev tshaib plab heev. Lwm tus gardeners xyaum dub cardboard voj voog nrog cov ceg, uas ua rau suab nrov nyob rau hauv lub cua thiab tsis pub nibbling lub bark raws li kev tiv thaiv.

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