Lub vaj

Kab mob thiab pests ntawm dub currant thiab txoj kev los mus rau lawv

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Ib tug zoo-groomed vaj teb nrog zoo cog nroj tsuag tsis tsim tej yam kev mob conducive rau txoj kev loj hlob ntawm cov kab mob thiab cov pests, yog li ntawd ua raws li cov cai ntawm agricultural engineering yog lub hauv paus rau combating kab mob thiab pests ntawm dub currant.

Cog dub currant

Dub currants tau cog nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav, ua ntej lub buds muaj blossomed, tab sis lub sij hawm qib siab rau cog yog nyob rau hauv lig Cuaj hlis - thaum ntxov Lub kaum hli ntuj.

Seedlings yuav tsum noj qab nyob zoo. Nws yog ib lub tswv yim kom xaiv ob lub xyoo seedlings nrog rau keeb kwm ntawm 15-20 cm thiab hauv av tua ntawm txog 30-40 cm Cov av yuav tsum tau xaiv fertile, acidic thiab marshy av yuav tsum tau zam.

Rau txhua lub hav txwv yeem, nws yog qhov tsim nyog los ntawm 2.5 mus rau 3 m, thiab qhov deb ntawm kab yuav tsum tsawg kawg 2 m. Qhov tob ntawm lub qhov tsoo yuav tsum txog 50 cm thiab tsawg kawg 40 cm nyob rau hauv lub cheeb. Seedlings thaum cog yuav tsum tau muab tso rau ntawm ib lub kaum ntse ntse.
Tom ntej no mus rau currant bushes yuav tsum tsis txhob yuav coniferous ntoo.

Ntau yam ntawm ntau yam ntawm dub currant.

Liab currant. Nrhiav qhov no txhua yam hais txog cog thiab tu nws.

Loj hlob basil ntawm noob nyob rau hauv peb tsab xov xwm //rusfermer.net/ogorod/listovye-ovoshhi/vyrashhivanie-i-uhod/vyrashhivanie-bazilika-iz-semyan-metody-polucheniya-kachestvennogo-urozhaya.html.

Loj hlob thiab tu rau dub currants

Los tiv thaiv kab mob thiab tau txais ib tug zoo sau ntawm dub currant, koj yuav tsum:
1. Nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav ua ntej Bud so:

  • txiav diseased thiab qhuav ceg cuam tshuam los ntawm gall midge larvae thiab iav rooj plaub;
  • Loos cov av, ua nitrogen chiv, mulch cov av;
  • Tshuaj tsuag cov nroj tsuag thiab cov av nrog nitrafen thiab Bordeaux nrog cov kua tawm tsam kab tsuag thiab cov kab mob fungal;

2. Ua ntej ub:

  • spray bushes nrog 10% concentrate ntawm karbophos emulsion tawm tsam mites (raum thiab spiderwebs), aphids thiab lwm yam kab;
  • spray bushes Bordeaux kua tawm tsam fungal kab mob;

3. Thaum lub sij hawm flowering los txheeb xyuas thiab tshem tawm cov nroj tsuag uas cuam tshuam los ntawm Terry;

4. Tam sim ntawd tom qab lub currant tau blossomed, tshuaj tsuag lub bushes nrog colloidal sulfur thiab karbophos tawm tsam sawflies, mites thiab moth;

5. Tom qab 10 hnub, rov ua dua tus txheej txheem;

6. Tom qab sau cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo, tshuaj tsuag cov nroj tsuag nrog Bordeaux sib tov, tooj liab sulphate, karbophos tawm tsam pests thiab kab mob;

7. Nyob rau hauv lub Autumn, txiav tawm qub ceg, hlawv cia nplooj poob, khawb li cov av nyob rau hauv kab, khawb hauv qhov tseem ntawm nplooj, thiab mulch cov av.

Thaum muaj kab tsuag tsawg, nws pom zoo kom tua lawv (xws li, nws yooj yim heev rau dhos rau hluav taws).

Koj tseem tuaj yeem siv cov decoctions thiab infusions ntawm cov nroj tsuag kab, uas ua rau kev puas tsuaj tsawg dua li cov tshuaj tua kab. Thaum kis kab mob thiab ntau tus kab tsuag, kev tiv thaiv tshuaj tiv thaiv yuav tsum siv.

Cov kab mob ntawm cov black currant thiab sib ntaus tawm tsam lawv

Anthracnose

Anthracnose, tus neeg sawv cev ntawm tus neeg mob uas yog ib tug fungus uas ua rau cov hlab ntsha, ua rau cov menyuam yaus tua, nplooj, cov petioles thiab cov ntsev ntsev.

Vague xim av pom tshwm ntawm nplooj nrog ib lub cheeb ntawm kwv yees li ntawm 2.5 mm, nyob rau hauv nruab nrab ntawm ib tug dub tubercle yog pom. Nrog kev loj hlob ntxiv ntawm anthracnose, qhov me ntsis pib coalesce, cov nplooj ua xim av nyob rau hauv cov xim, qhuav thiab twist upward nyob rau hauv sawv, thiab ces poob.

Qhov tsawg feem ntawm tua ua liab qab, nqaij tawm tshwm ntawm tua thiab petioles. Nyob rau hauv bushes cuam tshuam los ntawm anthracnose, qhov kev loj hlob ntawm cov tub ntxhais hluas tua txo, qhov tawm los txo. Bushes hnyav cuam tshuam los ntawm fungus, tuag nyob rau hauv 4 xyoos.

Thaum ib tug kab mob tau pom nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov caij nplooj ntoos hlav los yog lub caij nplooj zeeg, qhov tawm tsam tua raug txiav tawm. Shrubs ua ntej blooming buds yuav tsum sprayed nrog nitrophene (10 liv dej rau ib 300 g). Ua ntej flowering, tom qab nws thiab tom qab xaiv lub txiv hmab txiv ntoo, tshuaj tsuag nrog Bordeaux kua.

Kev pom zoo gardeners - Broccoli cog zaub.

Yuav ua li cas loj hlob ib lub cauliflower nyob rau hauv koj lub vaj teb no nyeem ntawm no //rusfermer.net/ogorod/listovye-ovoshhi/vyrashhivanie-i-uhod/vyrashhivanie-tsvetnoj-kapusty-v-otkrytom-grunte.html.

Septoria

Nrog septoria los yog dawb spotting, muaj ib tug ntxov ntxov caij nplooj ntoos zeeg ntawm nplooj, pluag kev loj hlob ntawm tua thiab lawv ib nrab tuag, ziab ntawm buds. Lub causative tus neeg sawv cev ntawm tus kab mob yog ib tug Mushroom.

Thaum ib tus kab mob tshwm sim hauv Lub Rau Hli, ntau tus kheej los yog angular xim daj pom tshwm ntawm nplooj, uas yog tom qab nyob hauv qhov chaw, thiab lub ciam teb nyob xim av.

Tom qab ntawd, dub me ntsis tshwm rau ntawm cov pob zeb, uas muaj cov kab mob ntawm cov fungus. Tom qab qhov tawm mus ntawm qhov kev tsis sib haum xeeb rau ntawm qhov chaw cov pob txha. Currant bushes yog massively mob nyob rau thaum xaus ntawm lub caij ntuj sov.

Nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov caij nplooj ntoos hlav, ua ntej lub buds Bloom, cov av thiab bushes sprayed nrog nitrafen. Nrog rau kev loj hlob ntawm tus kab mob no thov Bordeaux kua.

Mealy dew

Mealy dew yog ib hom kab mob fungal uas cuam tshuam rau txhua qhov ntawm cov nroj tsuag. Qhov puas ntawm qhov chaw ntawm lub currant yog thawj zaug them nrog cov ntaub powdery dawb patina uas tau yooj yim tshem tawm, thiab dhau sijhawm ua denser thiab tsa lub xim av tsaus nti.

Qhov cuam tshuam raug tua wither thiab tuag, cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo tsis tsim thiab poob prematurely, lub nplooj curl. Rau ob peb xyoos, nrog ib tug muaj zog heev yeej, cov nroj tsuag tuag.

Shrubs thiab av yuav tsum tau sprayed nrog hlau sulfate (10 liv dej rau ib 300 g). Thaum powdery quav hniav tshwm, tsuag tshuaj ntsuab nrog ib qho kev daws ntawm xab npum thiab dej qab zib tshauv. Cov tshuaj dawb los kuj siv tau (10 liters dej rau 1-2 diav).

Kev ua yuav tsum tau nqa tawm 2 lub lis piam ua ntej harvesting. Tom qab xaiv berries, npaj ntawm basezol, sulfur, 10% emulsion ntawm Topaz siv.

Nws kuj yog zoo siv los infusion ntawm rotted manure (hav zoov litter, quav nyab, tsev xog paj lub ntiaj teb). Rau Txoj kev lis ntshav, 1 feem ntawm qhov quav thiab 3 seem ntawm cov dej raug muab, hais 3 hnub, peb zaug diluted nrog dej thiab lim.

Currant sprayed Txoj kev lis ntshav nyob rau hauv cloudy huab cua nyob rau hauv 3 ua sawv: ua ntej flowering, tom qab thiab ua ntej nplooj.

Kawm nyob rau hauv peb lub website yuav ua li cas kom loj hlob Suav cabbage.

Peb pom zoo kom nyeem cov nta ntawm cog seedlings ntawm cabbage nyob rau hauv hauv av //rusfermer.net/ogorod/listovye-ovoshhi/vyrashhivanie-i-uhod/vyrashhivanie-rassady_kapusti_v_domashnih_usloviyah.html.

Kev hloov siab

Currant reversion los yog Terry - ib kis tus kab mob uas cuam tshuam tag nrho cov nroj tsuag thiab ua rau currant infertility. Kis tau los ntawm cov khoom cog thiab lub raum mite.

Manifested nyob rau hauv lub deformation ntawm nplooj, uas ua elongated, peb-lobed, nrog taw xaus, txo cov pes tsawg leeg. Yoojyim poob lawv tsis hnov ​​tsw, lawv yuav kis tau tus Hawj Ntshav. Txiv hmab txiv ntoo tsis raug tsim.

Kev mob ntawm tsob ntoo mus rau hauv paus tawm thiab hlawv. Nruab siab tua cov kab mob raum.

Ua ntej cog, lignified cuttings yuav tsum tau ceev cia hauv dej kub (li 45 ° C) rau 15 feeb.

Iav xeb

Goblet xeb, tshwm sim nyob rau hauv caij nplooj ntoos hlav los ntawm spores ntawm fungus, yog characterized los ntawm cov tsos ntawm txiv kab ntxwv los ntawm cov tub ntxhais hluas tua, nplooj, paj thiab txiv hmab txiv ntoo, uas los ntawm qhov kawg ntawm lub Tsib Hlis zoo li lub txuam nrog goblets. Kev txhim kho ntxiv ntawm fungus tshwm sim nyob rau sedge, qhov twg cua cua lub spores. Cuam tshuam paj, nplooj thiab berries caij nplooj ntoos zeeg.

Tshuaj tsuag currant bushes peb zaug nrog Bordeaux kua. Nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov, mow sedge, sau nplooj poob thiab tshem tawm cov raug tshuam.

Columnar xeb

Currant nplooj yog cuam tshuam los ntawm columnar xeb, uas yog manifested los ntawm me me dajish me ntsis thiab ci xim txiv kab ntxwv nyob rau hauv underside ntawm nplooj. Thaum tus kab mob tawm prematurely caij nplooj ntoos zeeg, uas ua rau ib tug txo nyob rau hauv keeb kwm xyoo. Ntau zaus feem ntau cuam tshuam rau currants, nyob ze uas tsim cov ntoo loj tuaj.

Tshuaj tsuag Bordeaux kua ua ntej flowering thiab tom qab nws, raws li tau zoo raws li tom qab sau.

Tsis tu ncua rau cov dub currant bushes, nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm tshem qhov cuam tshuam tua thiab kho cov av thiab bushes nyob rau hauv ib tug raws sijhawm nrog cov tshuaj uas tiv thaiv kev loj hlob ntawm cov kab mob thiab reproduction ntawm pests, koj yuav muaj peev xwm sau ib zoo sau txhua txhua xyoo.

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