Nqaij qaib ua teb

Gilyan chickens: yam ntxwv thiab cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov ntsiab lus

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Ib qho ntawm feem ntau cov tsiaj qus ntawm hens, paub txawm nyob rau hauv Russia, yog Gilyan yug. Cov noog cov nqaij thiab cov qe qhia yog loj loj, tsis txawv txav yam ntxwv thiab cov ntsiab lus tsis muaj qab hau. Dua li ntawm qhov tseeb tias qhov kawg ntawm XIX xyoo pua tus pejxeem ntawm Gilan qaib raug poob lawm, hnub no, txawm li ntawd los, muaj qee tus neeg txhawb siab tau nquag koom nrog nws txoj kev zoo rov los.

Yug me nyuam

Nws yog tseem tsis paub rau tej yam li cas thiab thaum yug ntawm Gilan qaib sawv. Txawm li cas los, nws yog suav hais tias yog ib qho ntawm feem ntau nyob hauv teb chaws Russia, los ntawm qhov uas tom qab Oryol yug tau muab coj los ua.

Rau thawj thawj zaug, Gilyan qaib tuaj rau teb chaws Asmelikas thaum ntxov li xyoo 17th los ntawm Persian tsab ntawv ntawm Gilan, uas lawv yuav raug coj tuaj. Yog tsis muaj cov ntaub ntawv txhim khu kev qha txog kev yug me nyuam ntawm no yug. Nws tau paub tias yuav luag txog peb lub xyoo dhau los, cov qaib tau nquag txhuam hauv tebchaws Russia, tab sis tom qab ntawd, nyob rau hauv XIX xyoo pua, tau ploj, txawm tias lawv lub pas dej ua tsis tau ploj - lub npe nrov Oryol ntawm chickens yog bred raws li Gilan.

Cov breeds ntawm nqaij thiab qe cov kev taw qhia muaj xws li cov nram qab no breeds: Hungarian giant, Kyrgyz gray, Foxy chik, Maran, Redbo, Loman Braun, Amroks.

Hnub no hauv Dagestan, tsis deb ntawm keeb kwm teb, ib qho me me ntawm Gilyan qaib tau pom, uas tam sim no tau nquag coj los ntawm cov tswv cuab ntawm Gilyan Chicken Club. Nqaij qaib enthusiasts tsis tsuas yog restore cov pej xeem ntawm cov nqaij qaib, tab sis kuj xyuas kom meej tias cov neeg tshiab kom meej meej raws li tus qauv yug.

Koj puas paub? Qaib - cov thawj coj ntawm cov noog hauv numismatics. Nrog cov duab ntawm chickens minted npib nyob rau hauv 16 lub teb chaws.

Nqe lus thiab nta

Gilyan qaib yog thawj thiab me ntsis tshwj xeeb. Txawm tias nyob rau hauv tsos, lawv txawv heev ntawm lawv cov neeg ploj, yog vim tsuas yog vim muaj qhov loj heev loj loj thiab peculiar tso tsheb hlau luam nrog ib hwj txwv.

Sab nraud nta

Chickens ntawm Gilyan yug yog cov tswv ntawm ib lub ci thiab nco sab nraud:

  • lub taub hau - me me loj me me piv rau lub cev, me ntsis elongated;
  • lub qej yog me me, txiv ntseej-kheej, pob txha, npog cov plaub hau luv luv;
  • ob lub qhov muag yog reddish, brownish, amber thiab txiv kab ntxwv-liab, Qee zaus dub, ci iab, nrog ib txwm haum;
  • earlobes - me me, yuav luag tag nrho nraim los ntawm kev tso tsheb hlau luam, xim liab qaim;
  • qhwv ntsej - tsis tshua pom tau, qaug zog, liab, npog nrog hwj txwv;
  • beak - nruab nrab, oblong nrog thickening nyob rau hauv lub hauv paus, loj heev, es ntseeg tau curved;
  • ib hwjtxwv thiab tso tsheb hlau luam yog cov qauv ntawm cov noog, ib txwm hais, thiab hauv qaib ntawm thawj lub xyoo ntawm lub neej tso tsheb hlau luam yog ntau tsim dua lub hwjtxwv, tom qab, nrog lub hnub nyoog, hwjtxwv ua tau ntau dua thiab feem ntau muaj qhov zoo nkauj zoo li tus qauv;
  • lub caj dab yog ntev, "swan", ncaj, rau nws muaj lub me me tab sis pom lub caj dab;
  • torso - loj, oblong, npag, nrog sab xub pwg thiab sab hauv siab; lub cev yog tsa ceg siab, zoo li kev sib ntaus sib tua, nrog rau lub plab xaiv; rov qab ncaj, dav, nyooj ntawm tus Tsov tus tw; sib nrug ntawm lub xub pwg; lub plumage nyob rau hauv qis rov qab yog ntom, tab sis tsis rau ib lub hauv ncoo;
  • tis - nruj nreem rau lub cev, tsis ntev, dav, me ntsis protruding nyob rau hauv lub xub pwg cheeb tsam;
  • Tail - tso tseg los ntawm kab ntawm sab nraum qab ntawm kaum ntawm 60 °, me me, me me txias, muaj luv braids;
  • ob txhais ceg - muaj zog thiab ntev ntev shins, tuab, npag thiab sawv ntsug heev; metatarsus zoo tsim, loj heev, tsis muaj peev xwm plumage kiag li (txawm me plumage rau ntawm metatarsus qhia tias kev sib txawv ntawm tus txheej txheem);
  • lub plumage yog heev ntom, txhav, cov tis yog nyob ib sab mus rau tis;
  • xim - nws yog txawv kiag li - dub thiab dawb, pob zeb (xim dub thiab dawb), xiav thiab lwm yam ntxoov ntxoo, tab sis calico xim yog ib qho tseem ceeb.
Nws tseem ceeb heev! Cov xim ntawm cov kaus ncauj yog ib txwm raws nraim tib xim raws li tus metatarsum thiab cov claws. Cov xim mismatch yog ib qho kev txawv txav tsis tau los ntawm tus txheej txheem.
Cov deviations no kuj:

  • luv luv ceg ntev;
  • lub xub ntiag ntawm ib tug me ntsis feather cover rau ob txhais ceg;
  • zuag ntawm lwm yam duab, tsuas yog txiv ntseej;
  • underdevelopment lossis tsis muaj tso tsheb hlau luam thiab hwj txwv;
  • me nyhav thiab me me ntawm cov noog.

Temperament

Ntawm kev coj cwj pwm, Gilyan yug qaib yog cov nquag, nug, thiab tseem tuaj yeem txhoj puab heev. Nruab nrab ntawm cov neeg sawv cev ntawm cov tsiaj tsis sib tua, tab sis nrog lwm cov noog, tus kab ntxwv skirmishes thiab kev sib ntaus sib tua tuaj yeem tshwm sim. Cocks bold, tej zaum kuj tsis thwj, muaj peev xwm sib ntaus sib tua nrog tus yeeb ncuab, uas muaj ntau dua li lawv qhov loj thiab lub zog. Yuav kom tsis txhob muaj teeb meem tsis sib haum xeeb, nws yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws los mus thaiv cov neeg phem ntawm lwm cov nqaij qaib.

Xyuas kom paub cov neeg zoo tshaj plaws ntawm nqaij qaib nqaij thiab qe qhia.

Lub siab xav xav ntawm cov qaib ua rau lub fact tias lawv npaj txhij mus lo lawv beak nyob rau hauv tej qhov chaw tsis ncaj ncees lawm, yog li ntawd lawv muaj peev xwm tawm hauv hen lub tsev thiab taug kev mev, mus nrhiav ntxoov sab nraum sab nraum. Muab qhov zoo li no, nws pom zoo kom tsis txhob txwv qhov chaw dawb nyob ib ncig ntawm pab tsiaj. Lub Gilyan yug kuj muaj ib tug noog xav - lawv yog cov zoo heev, lawv xav siv sijhawm thiab graze collectively.

Hatching instinct

Gilian clubs tsis tau poob lawv qhov tsim kev xav - lawv hatch qe nrog Library. Lub hens kuj tseem txhawj txog lawv cov me nyuam tom qab tus me nyaum hatch, tsis tu ncua ua rau cov brood, sov cov qaib thiab yog leej niam zoo heev.

Gilanty fledglings fledge rau ib lub sij hawm ntev heev, tab sis qhov no tsis yog ib qho teeb meem, thiab cov qaib tsis khov, vim hais tias lub wedge yuav saib xyuas ntawm lub cubs rau tag nrho cov me nyuam yaus lub sij hawm thiab heats lawv nrog nws cov warmth.

Productivity

Gilyan chickens tsis yog hu ua giant - lawv yog tiag tiag Giants ntawm cov qaib. Lawv muaj siab, fleshy, lean thiab heev loj.

Cov qe-qe kev taw qhia ntawm tus yug txhais tau hais tias nws cov neeg sawv cev tsis tsuas yog ib qho zoo tawm los ntawm cov nqaij, tab sis kuj yog ib qho tseem ceeb npaum li cas ntawm qe qhuav ib xyoos twg.

Nyob nrog hnyav qaib thiab qaib

Cov tub ntxhais hluas roosters (qhov kawg ntawm thawj xyoo ntawm lub neej) feem ntau hnyav txog 6 kg, thiab lawv qhov siab ncav 70 cm Tus neeg laus txiv neej (tom qab ib xyoos) qhov nyhav tshaj 7 kg, thiab qhov siab yuav ua rau tsawg tshaj 80 cm.

Koj puas paub? Muaj qee zaum thaum Gilyan roosters loj hlob mus rau 95 cm siab thiab weighed yuav luag 10 kg.
Nqaij qaib qaib (ua ntej thawj xyoo ntawm lub qe khoom) hnyav tsawg dua - txog li 5 kg, thiab loj hlob ntawm 50 mus rau 55 cm.

Thaum lawv pib rau trot thiab dab tsi yog qe qhuav

Gilyan chickens tsis tau hu ua tsis tsuas yog thaum ntxov, tab sis txawm nruab nrab-lub caij. Cov noog loj hlob, maj mam ntev ntev thiab dhau los ua neeg laus thaum xyoo ob ntawm lub neej. Yog li, Gilan klush pib maj maj tom 2 xyoo. Txawm li cas los, qhov qeeb thaum pib ntawm lub sij hawm qe muag tau compensated los ntawm qhov tseeb tias qhov no lub sij hawm ntev dua nyob rau hauv cov qaib tshaj nyob rau hauv lwm breeds. Qe-tso rau hauv cov noog no kav rau 3 xyoos.

Tom qab cov qaib pib nteg qe, nyob rau thawj xyoo lawv cov naj npawb yog li ntawm 140 rau 150 npaug hauv ib xyoos twg. Nyob rau hauv lub neej yav tom ntej, no tus naj npawb yog me ntsis txo - txog 120 qe ib xyoo.

Kos lub qe rau freshness, zoo li mus soj ntsuam qhov kev loj hlob ntawm embryos nyob rau hauv lub qe yuav pab tau ib tug tshwj xeeb ntaus ntawv - ovoskop. Los ntawm txoj kev, koj tuaj yeem tsim tsa koj tus kheej.

Gilan lub qe yog loj heev - nyob rau hauv qhov phem tshaj cov ntaub ntawv lawv cov nyhav yuav txog 70-75 g, tab sis feem ntau qhov hnyav ntsuas loj dua. Peb muaj peev xwm hais tias lub qe cov khoom ntawm no yug yog tag nrho nrog cov tsos ntawm noog: loj chickens - loj qe. Cov xim ntawm lub plhaub yog lub teeb thiab kev sib tw, feem ntau yog xim daj beige-cream, lub teeb qab zib los yog daj ntseg liab.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Nws yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws hauv Gilyan qaib tias lawv nquag caij caij ntuj no. - thaum tag nrho lwm cov qaib tsis rush, lub Gilan whips tseem niaj hnub muab qe khoom.

Yuav noj dab tsi

Cov khaubncaws sab nraud povtseg nuav yog cov kws ua rua cov tuabneeg kws nyob huv vaajtsev, cov proteins hab calcium kws yuav noj tau cov tsaj kws zoo hab ua rua yug tau zoo.

Kawm yuav ua li cas ua noj khoom noj rau tsev hens.

Qaib

Gilyan yug yog ib qho zoo kawg nkaus kev noj qab haus huv, muaj kev tiv thaiv zoo rau feem ntau cov kab mob, thiab cov me nyuam yug los muaj zog thiab noj qab nyob zoo. Lub ciaj nqi ntawm me nyaum qaib tshaj 95%, uas yog ib qho zoo qhia.

  1. Nyob rau hauv kev txiav txim rau cov tub ntxhais hluas kev loj hlob kom loj hlob, lawv pib noj nws tsis pub dhau 12 teev tom qab tus me nyaum hatch. Rau thawj peb hnub, pub muaj crushed nyuaj-boiled qe tov nrog barley - barley los yog millet. Riam phom kuj tseem yuav muaj oatmeal los yog tsawg-rog tsev cheese. Tag nrho cov khoom xyaw yuav tsum tau kom huv si crushed thiab milled, lub porridge yog homogeneous thiab pab sov mus rau chickens.
  2. Nyob rau hnub thib peb ntawm lub neej, tshiab zaub ntsuab, nyom, thiab zaub yog nkag tau rau hauv kev noj haus ntawm chicks. Qhov no tej zaum yuav yog clover, nettle los yog alfalfa, thiab cov zaub ua noj, qos yaj ywm qab zib, carrots, taub dag. Tshuaj ntsuab yog pre-scalded nrog boiling dej thiab finely tws, thiab zaub yog boiled thiab kneaded nyob rau hauv mashed qos yaj ywm.
  3. Tag nrho thawj lub lim tiam ntawm lub neej, cov me nyuam mos yuav tsum tau txais cov hnab txiv hmab txiv ntoo, cov tshuaj ntsuab, zaub thiab qe.
  4. Los ntawm ob lub lim tiam ntawm lub neej, koj tuaj yeem pib ntxiv hmoov los yog pob txha noj mov rau tus pub qaib.
  5. Nco ntsoov muab cov chicks txaus txaus kom lawv tuaj yeem quaj lawv txoj kev nqhis dej txhua lub sijhawm. Nyob rau hauv dej, koj muaj peev xwm ntxiv ib tug heev zog ntawm daws poov tshuaj permanganate - qhov cuab yeej no yuav cawm tau tus me nyuam los ntawm cab thiab kab tsuag thiab tiv thaiv ntau yam kab mob kis tau.
  6. Los ntawm qhov kawg ntawm thawj lub hli ntawm lub neej, cov qaib tau maj mam muab pauv mus rau cov neeg laus noj, tab sis lawv ceev faj kom muaj cov khoom noj muaj protein ntau thiab calcium hauv lawv cov khoom noj.

Nws yuav pab tau koj kom paub yuav ua li cas yug me nyuam qaib nrog tus kab tsim kev mob thiab cov kab mob dab tsi tshwm sim.

Cov laus yaj

Ib tug neeg laus muaj hwj txwv tsis pub ntau tshaj 3 zaug ib hnub twg, thiab ob ntawm lawv yuav tsum muaj cov khoom noj khoom haus, thiab noj mov thib peb - ​​ib ntub mash.

Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom ntseeg tau tias cov noog tau txais tag nrho cov khoom noj uas tsim nyog, muaj protein ntau thiab calcium nyob rau hauv pub. Rau qhov no koj tuaj yeem siv cov khoom noj uas muaj protein ntau ntau.

Feem ntau, Neeg Gican yog noj zaub mov tsis zoo rau cov qaib. Lawv cov khoom noj feem ntau muaj xws li:

  • grain - hom qoob mog, oats, barley, pob kws, rye, los yog sib xyaw kom sib xyaw;
  • cov zaub ntsuab tshiab thiab cov nyom pab tswj cov vitamin tshuav ntawm cov noog; nyob rau lub caij ntuj no, koj tuaj yeem tsis muaj zaub ntsuab, tab sis yog tias koj hloov nws nrog cov qos yaj ywm, nws yuav muaj kev cuam tshuam rau kev noj qab haus huv ntawm cov qaib, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias koj xav tias lub caij ntuj no lawv tsis muaj so hauv qai tso thiab xav tau cov vitamins tseem nyob hauv tib yam;
  • Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb los pub Gican nrog tsiaj pov tseg los ntawm lawv lub rooj, cov no yuav ua tau ntawm cov nqaij hau los yog nqaij ntses, thiab cov qaib muab tau cua nab, cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo, ncuav mog qab zib thiab pluas noj - xws li kev noj haus yuav sau cov noog uas xav tau cov tsiaj txhu;
  • Calcium rov qab los ntawm chalk, pob txha noj mov thiab ntses mov noj, thiab pob zeb plhaub pob zeb, uas noog noj nrog kev lom zem;
  • rau kev noj qab haus huv ntawm digestive system ntawm noog, crushed qe shells, gravel thiab crushed cov pob txha, xws li additives tsis tsuas yog ua rau kom zoo dua digestibility ntawm cov khoom, tab sis kuj los siav lub xav tau rau pob zeb hauv av Cheebtsam.
Nws tseem ceeb heev! Ib qho tseem ceeb nyob rau hauv pub Gilyan chickens - Noj cov zaub mov thiab nws feem. Tom qab noj mov, tag nrho cov khoom noj seem yuav tsum tau muab tshem tawm, txwv tsis pub cov noog yuav overeat thiab nce roj ntau, thiab qhov no yuav cuam tshuam rau lawv txoj kev noj qab haus huv.

Cov xwm txheej ntawm kev raug txim

Txawm hais tias Gilyan yug qaib yog cov noog unpretentious, lawv tseem xav tau txoj cai rau cov noog xav zoo.

Koj puas paub? Nqaij qaib qe protein - "txheej txheem" ​​ntawm cov qe ntawm lwm hom tsiaj. Tag nrho lwm cov proteins uas muab piv rau nws.

Yuav tsum muaj lub tsev

Cov noog tsev yog qhov chaw tseem ceeb nyob rau hauv cov noog uas nyob, yog li ntawd nws yuav tsum tau raws li lawv cov kev xav tau ntawm lub cev.

  1. Tsim ib lub tsev rau hauv ib qho chaw uas nws yuav tsis tau dej nyab thaum muaj nag los. Yuav tsum tsis txhob muaj av, qhov chaw yuav tsum tau qhuav, muaj kev tiv thaiv los ntawm kev tsim qauv, tuaj yeem nyob ntawm ib lub toj los sis ntawm ib qho chaw hla dej los nag. Zoo, yog hais tias muaj ib lub sij hawm los npaj cov nqaij qaib coop thiaj li hais tias nws tsis yog nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov nyob rau hauv ncaj qha tshav ntuj. Cov noog yuav tsum muaj ntau lub teeb tawg, tab sis qhov kub lawv nqa yog phem heev, thiab yog li ntawd lub tsev yuav tsum yog nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov kub ib qhov chaw txias qhov twg cov qaib tau chaw ntawm lub cua sov.
  2. Qhov loj ntawm lub noog tsev nyob ntawm seb muaj pes tsawg tus tsiaj txhu. Qhov loj tshaj plaws yog hais tias qhov siab qhov siab yog li 1.8 m, thiab qhov yuav tsum tau xam, xam rau hauv tus account tias ib tug noog xav tau ib qhov chaw ntawm yam tsawg 1 square meter. m
  3. Lub tsev nqaij qaib tsev yuav tsum nyob ib sab rau lub paddock, nyob rau hauv uas chickens tej zaum yuav muaj tawm mus tas li. Ua li no, nqaij qaib coop yog nruab nrog me me tshwj xeeb qhib rau cov noog. Raws li lawv cov loj loj, qhov siab ntawm qhov qhib no yuav tsum muaj tsawg kawg yog 1 m.
  4. Nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj no, nws tsis yog yuav tsum tau sov so ntawm nqaij qaib coop nrog cua sov li, raws li Gican xav tias zoo ntawm tsawg kub. Nws yuav ua kom txaus ua kom muaj tus qauv nrog tuab phab ntsa, tsis tas yuav pib npaj thiab nrog ib qho chaw sov so. Qhov phem tshaj plaws txhua tus, Cov neeg phem xav tias nyob rau lub caij ntuj sov sov, yog li qhov kub ntawm lub sijhawm no hauv lub xyoo hauv chav yuav tsum txhob txwm tshaj tsis tshaj +25.
  5. Kawm yuav ua ib lub tsev rau lub caij ntuj sov nrog koj tus kheej tes.

  6. Hauv pem teb hauv lub tsev yuav tsum tau them nrog ib khib nyiab, uas yuav tsum yog 10-15 cm. Lub qe yuav ua tau ntawm hay, qhuav nyom thiab xuab zeb tov nrog sawdust.
  7. Lub tsev yog nruab nrog lub teeb pom kev zoo thiab ob lub qhov rais. Qhov no yog qhov yuav tsum tau ua kom ntev mus rau nruab hnub nrig thaum lub caij ntuj no mus 14 xuaj moos los yog ntau dua, vim hais tias qe-tso nws nyob ntawm nws.
  8. Yuav tsum tau xaiv ntawm nqaij qaib coop - perches thiab zes. Tus naj npawb ntawm cov pob txha muaj raws li tus naj npawb ntawm cov qaib hauv xam uas ib tus neeg xav tau tsawg kawg 40 cm ntawm qhov chaw. Lawv tuaj yeem nyob rau hauv cov kauj ruam lossis nyob ntawm ntug kev ntawm phab ntsa. Lub thickness ntawm perch ncej yuav tsum xov mus rau circumference ntawm nqaij qaib paw. Raws li rau lub zes, nws tsis yog ib qho tsim nyog uas txhua tus tau cog qoob loo zes. Chickens rush hloov dua siab tshiab. Qhov loj tshaj plaws yog hais tias qhov chaw rau cov zes yuav tsum nyob ntsiag to, xis, darkened.
  9. Yog hais tias, tom qab hatching, me nyaum qaib yuav tsum tau khaws cia nyob rau hauv ib qho ntau lub tsev poultry, chav tsev yuav tsum tau nruab nrog cua sov, piv txwv li, nrog infrared yaj. Txawm li cas los, ntau tshav kub yog unfavorable rau cov neeg laus, tab sis nws yog ib qhov tsim nyog rau me nyaum qaib. Yog li ntawd, nws yog pom zoo kom hais tias thaum lub sij hawm thawj lub hlis, kom txog rau thaum tus me nyaum qaib, lawv yuav tsum tau muab khaws cia rau hauv ib lub chav tshwj xeeb rhuab.
  10. Nyob rau hauv lub hen lub tsev muaj yuav tsum kuj yuav drinkers, feeders thiab tshauv da dej nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm thawv ntim nrog ib tug sib tov ntawm qhov cub tshauv thiab xuab zeb.
  11. Xyuas kom tsis muaj dej noo nyob hauv chav tsev noog, phab ntsa tsis tshuab los ntawm cua, qhov pwm tsis tshwm sim, thiab cua yog tshiab. Ua li no, koj tuaj yeem kho lub tsho hauv tsev laus.
  12. Kev huv yog qhov tseem ceeb. Cov noog tsev yeej tsis tu ncua - ntxuav ntawm av, khib nyiab thiab khib nyiab. Lub litter yog maj mam hloov los ntawm ib tug tshiab. Txhua qhov cwj pwm (feeders thiab drinkers) yuav tsum tau tu thiab tu dej kom huv si.

Koj puas paub? Hilians yog zoo heev rau Lavxias teb sab latitudes, vim tuab thiab ntom plumage reliably tiv thaiv lawv los ntawm tus mob khaub thuas, tab sis, thaum tshav kub kub lawv xav phem. Tab sis qaib yog bred thoob lub ntiaj teb, txawm nyob rau hauv lub cheeb tsam hottest. Ua li no kawg, nyob rau qee lub tebchaws hauv Central Asia, cov txiv nyuj qaib tau bred, uas zoo rau lub caij sov sov.

Taug kev vaj tsev

Cov chaw taug kev yog qhov tseem ceeb rau cov noog, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov nquag thiab inquisitive Gilan qaib. Ntawm no, noog ua pa cua, taug kev, noj mov, sib txuas lus, coj tus cwj pwm zoo.

  1. Cov uas yuav tsum tau rau qhov chaw ntawm cov taug kev caij yog tib yam li rau nqaij qaib coop - ib qho qhuav, tsis tiav qhov chaw tsis muaj ntawv. Zoo, yog hais tias lub loog yuav pritёnen. Tab sis nws yog ntshaw tias nws tsis nyob hauv qab ntawm tsob ntoo, vim cov kab mob parasites yuav muaj nyob hauv tsob ntoo ntoo, thiab nyob hauv qhov ntxoov ntxoo los yog ib feem ntawm ib co tsev nyob ze lossis ib qho chaw. Pritennaya struts yuav tsum tsis txhob muaj qhov chaw taug kev hauv lub caij ntuj sov.
  2. Lub tshav puam yog tsim loj loj, muab tias tsawg kawg yog 1 square meter yuav tsum tau txhaj rau txhua tus Gilian. m ntawm qhov chaw dawb.
  3. Lub chaw taug kev yuav tsum yog muaj cov neeg haus dej haus cawv, chaw pub dej thiab cov tshauv da dej, kom cov noog tau siv lawv lub sijhawm, tsis yog hauv tsev xwb, tab sis kuj sab nraud.
  4. Thiab qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws rau Gilyan yug yog qhov siab ntawm lub laj kab ncig ncig thaj chaw taug kev. Cov noog no loj thiab siab, dhau li ntawd, heev. Lawv yuav twv yuav raug sim ua kom muaj kev sim khiav, kom pom tias dab tsi tom qab lawv cov khoom. Yog li ntawd, lub laj kab los yog kab sib chaws yuav tsum siab heev.

Yuav ua li cas kom ntxeem lub caij ntuj no txias

Qhov no yug ntawm chickens tshwm sim nyob rau hauv lub txias txias ntawm ib co territories ntawm niaj hnub Russia. Nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua 17th, winters nyob rau hauv Russia muaj hnyav thiab frosty.

Qhia koj tus kheej nrog rau cov yam ntxwv ntawm kev tu cov qaib thaum lub sijhawm txias, thiab tseem kawm tau tias yuav ua li cas ntxiv lawv lub qe thaum lub caij ntuj no.

Gilyantsy accustomed mus rau xws li kub. Lawv muaj plam heev, uas tsis pub cov noog kom khov txawm nyob hauv qhov loj Frost. Yog li ntawd, lawv yog cov heev frost resistant.

Yog nws tau yug nyob rau hauv cages

Qe qaib hauv cov tawb feem ntau txhais tau hais tias tsuas yog lub qe kev. Qhov no yuav ua kom qhov chaw txuag chaw, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog muab qhov tsis muaj qhov tsis txaus, tab sis tsis qhia tias yog cov qaib thiab muaj ib tug qaib.

Gilan yug yuav tsis yog hu ua purely qe. Cov no yog cov tsis tshua muaj qaib, uas tam sim no tau nquag tuaj txhawm rau nthuav cov pejxeem. Uas txhais tau tias cov ntsiab lus hauv hlwb tsis haum rau lawv. Loj hlob nqaij qaib nyob rau hauv tawb txiav txim siab thaum tsis muaj kev xav tau rau yug me nyuam, kom tau chickens thiab fertilized qe. Qhov no yog tsim rau huab hwm coj ntau ntawm qe cov khoom thiab yog tsuas yog siv rau cov txheej.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Nyob rau hauv sib piv rau lub caij ntuj no txias, lub caij ntuj sov sov ntawm lub Gilan yug suffers ntau zuj zus. Lawv tsis nyiam lub tshav kub thiab xav phem nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov. Yog li, nws tsis pom zoo rau yug menyuam no, yog lub caij ntuj sov yog kub hauv koj lub strip, vim hais tias Gilanians tsis nyiam txawm sov sov hnub tom ntej, peb tuaj yeem hais txog kub saum toj no + 30.

Cov qaib nqaij thiab cov nqaij-cov qe qe, uas cov neeg Gilanians koom, yuav tsum tau nce cov nqaij pob txha zoo, thiab qhov no yog tsis tsim nyob rau hauv cov ntsiab lus ntawm cellular cov ntsiab lus, vim nyob rau hauv lub cell lawv tsuas nce roj, uas yog teeb meem rau no yug.

Pros thiab cons

Qhov no Lavxias teb sab qaib muaj ntau yam zoo:

  • ci ntsa iab thiab nco zoo, tsim kom muaj kev zoo tswv yim zoo nkauj;
  • tseem ceeb ntawm cov qoob loo vim yog loj, loj heev poultry ntau;
  • zoo li lub qe, xws li nqaij qaib nqaij thiab qe kev taw qhia;
  • loj qe loj;
  • Frost tsis kam;
  • unpretentiousness;
  • kev nyiaj;
  • ib lub sijhawm ntev tso ntev;
  • lub xub ntiag ntawm ib tug brooding instinct, uas ntau breeds ntawm nqaij qaib nqaij thiab qe kab tau poob.
Ntxiv rau qhov zoo, Giles tseem muaj qee tus teeb meem:

  • kev loj hlob ntev thiab kev sib daj sib deev dhau;
  • Nestlings tsis tsiv lub sijhawm ntev thiab yog li ntawd xav tau cov cua sov ntxiv rau thawj lub hli ntawm lub neej;
  • tsis txhob cia siab rau lub caij ntuj sov kub;
  • qhov kev xav ua kom muaj zog, uas ua rau lub laj kab yuav tsum tau nkag mus rau hauv cov chaw taug kev nrog lub laj kab;
  • Gilanians tsis nyiam rau lwm tus poj niam, uas feem ntau yog qhov ua rau cov noog sib ntaus.
Gilyan yug ntawm chickens muaj ib tug heev meej tsos - lawv muaj kiag li tsis muaj qhwv, tab sis lawv muaj ib tug txawv beard thiab tso tsheb hlau luam. Lawv muaj siab, ntshiv thiab npag. Cov no yog cov noog loj heev, tiag tiag, vim hais tias ib co ntawm cov roosters ncav cuag ib lub meter siab. Muab qhov zoo nkauj thiab cov txiaj ntsim ntawm qhov qub Lavxias teb sab yug, peb tuaj yeem xaus lus tias nws yog qhov tseeb tsim nyog txo qis thiab rov qab kho.

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