Qoob loo ntau lawm

Yuav ua li cas tu rau lub vaj ntxwv begonia tom tsev

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Muaj ntau lub paj khov kho cov nroj tsuag uas nrov heev hauv lub tsev, txawm tias zoo nkauj zoo nkauj paj. Lub noob neej muaj koob muaj npe tshwj xeeb ntawm cov kab lis kev cai, uas yog lub npe ntawm nws lub npe. Nws ci ntsa iab, elegance, ntau lub ntsej muag nyob rau hauv cov xim thiab cov duab muab nws txoj cai los zaum saum lub zwm txwv ntawm lub nroog loj heev paj.

Kev piav qhia thiab duab

Nyob teb chaws Europe, begonia "Rex" tshwm sim nyob rau hauv qhov thib ob ib nrab ntawm XIX caug xyoo raws li ib tug qhua los ntawm cov kub sab hnub tuaj tropics thiab tau instantly coj mus rau yug los ntawm growers thiab breeders. Los rau hnub no, lawv tau tswj los ua ntau hom tsiaj tshiab, ntawm cov uas yog cov neeg muaj koob muaj npe hauv cov noob nom noob tswv. Kev qhia ua haujlwm qhia txog ntau yam xws li ntau yam rhizome. Creeping paus system, tuab thiab fleshy, tig mus rau hauv ib fleaab qia, los ntawm uas loj filigree nplooj nrog ntev pubescent petioles thiab sib sau ib tug kaw Bush 30-45 centimeters nyob rau hauv qhov siab rov qab.

Muaj ntau yam ntawm no ntau thiab tsawg dua, ua tsis ncaj rau cov laus hauv ib nrab.

Koj puas paub? Lub npe Begonia tau muab rau ib qho asteroid hauv 1920.
Ib qho kev txawv txav ntawm tsob nroj muaj koob muaj npe yeej zoo nkauj heev ntawm qhov sib txawv zonal, zoo li lub plawv asymmetrical. Nws muaj velvet daim ntawv phaj, me ntsis pimply. Tom qab nws tau convex reddish streaks.

Nyob rau hauv chav kawm ntawm yug me nyuam thiab yug me nyuam hybrids, ntau yam tshwm sim nrog splashes, tawm twisted nyob rau hauv ib tug spiral nrog ib tug catchy scarlet xim thiab sib txawv kab.

Nrov ntau yam

Ntawm ib tug loj tus naj npawb ntawm subspecies ntawm Royal begonias, ntau yam nrog ci colouring, yooj yim kom muaj thiab tswj, tau ua nrov heev.

Koj tseem yuav xav paub txog kev cog qoob rau sab hauv nroj tsuag xws li xanthosoma, ampelous geranium, achimenes, aukub, ginura, codiaeum, hemantus, tillandia, drimiopsis, Japanese spindle ntoo.
  • Qhov ntau yam Mini Merry Christmas muaj feem ntau cov nplooj ntoos hlav nplooj. Nres shrub, 30 centimeters nyob rau hauv qhov siab, nrog asymmetrical nplooj nrog xim av, raspberry thiab ntsuab aav, bordered nrog burgundy thiab niam-ntawm-pearl interspersing.
  • Escargot begonia yog txawv ntawm nplooj ntoo nyob rau hauv lub plhaub lawm. Vim li no, nws tseem hu ua "lub noob nom noob tswv". Qhov nruab nrab ntawm nplooj ntsa yog raug khi nrog ib lub kauv nyiaj.
  • Duas nqes yog ua los ntawm tej yam me me thiab liab qab liab nplooj tha xim nrog cov dub dub yuav luag.
  • Lub begonia ntawm Tsaus Mambo yog qhov zoo nkauj nyob rau hauv cov txiv ntseej tsaus ntuj, reddish hauv qab, nrog ib lub hnub qub ci pom hauv nruab nrab.
  • Ntau hom Grifon muaj motley foliage nrog ntev petioles, pom txawv txawv thiab loj loj - txog li 45 centimeters. Qhov tshwj xeeb ntawm kev ua siab ntev thiab kev ua tsis ncaj.

Tej kev mob loj hlob

Txawm hais tias begonia "Rex" thiab tsis tas yuav muaj cai tshwj xeeb, tab sis kom paub tseeb tias kev saib xyuas zoo ntawm hom tsiaj muaj koob muaj npe hauv tsev, koj yuav tsum ua raws li qee qhov yuav tsum tau ua.

Humidity thiab kub

Humidity yog ib qho tseem ceeb heev rau chav tsev no, tshwj xeeb yog hauv cov huab cua kub. Nrog succulent loj nplooj, lub noob nom noob tswv begonia evaporates ntau ntau dua dej tshaj nws compensates rau rhizome.

Kom ua kom cov av qis, koj tuaj yeem siv cov cua tshuab ua humidifier, lub tshuab atomizer nrog tshuaj tsuag zoo, thiab tseem nruab pots nrog cov nroj tsuag hauv lub caij ntuj sov dhau pallets, nyob hauv qab uas koj yuav tsum muab ntub dej khov, ib cov ntaub qhwv thiab ntxiv ua kua.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Nco ntsoov tias velvet ntau yam nrog pubescent foliage tsis zam lub ingress ntawm kua. Qhov no ua rau muaj kev kub ntxhov, kev phem dub tshwm sim.
Begonia hlub warmth. Yog tias cov av pwm qis, nws yim zoo hauv 30 degrees. Tab sis nws xav rov qab ua kom txias thiab nres txoj kev loj hlob twb nyob ntawm 10-13 degrees. Lub caij ntuj no - lub sij hawm ntawm kev yoojyim, qhov pib ntawm kev loj hlob tshwm sim nrog rau tuaj txog ntawm caij nplooj ntoos hlav.

Teeb hauv chav

Lub paj prefers ntau diffused lub teeb. Qhov no yog vim lub keeb kwm ntawm cov nroj tsuag ntawm qhov chaw uas nws tau lossi nrog nrog crowns ntawm cov ntoo. Cov noob nom noob tswv tsis nyiam ncaj qha los ntawm lub hnub, cov nplooj tawm qhuav thiab poob lawv qhov ci ntsa iab.

Nws yog pom zoo kom muab paj rau saum txee, txee los yog rooj, uas yog nyob deb ntawm qhov chaw ncaj qha tshav ntuj, los yog darken lub chav nrog ib daim ntaub ntawm tulle.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Cov paj ntoo tsis paub tsis paub yuav ua li cas tig rov qab rau sab hnub ci, raws li lawv cov kwv tij los ntawm temperate latitudes, vim tias qhov zenith qhov chaw ntawm lub hnub qub. Yog li ntawd, lub noob nom noob tswv begonia tsis nyiam permutations, preferring lub constancy ntawm lub teeb flux.

Begonia substrate

Tshwj xeeb hauv paus system xav tau ib cov av. Creeping keeb kwm, hu ua rhizome, nyob rau saum toj no lub substrate, qaug zog ceg yog cais los ntawm lawv, uas yuav tsum tau lub teeb, breathable av rau kev ua pa, noo noo thiab khoom noj khoom haus. Ib tug sib tov nrog ib tug qaug zog acid peat tias adores lub noob paj noob yuav haum. Cov muaj pes tsawg leeg ntawm qhov sib tov: ib nrab yog nyob ntawm peat thiab ib-caum muaj peev xwm ntawm humus, daim ntawv los yog sod av, ci hmoov (vermiculite, perlite).

Cog thiab yug me nyuam nroj tsuag

Rau yug me nyuam muaj koob muaj npe begonias siv keeb kwm, cuttings thiab noob.

Division ntawm keeb kwm

Rau kev tsim tawm, koj yuav tsum tshem lub begonia los ntawm lub thawv nyob rau hauv nrog lub hauv paus thiab lub hauv av, yog li ntawd kom tsis txhob puas dab tsi. Tom ntej yog tshem tawm ntawm qub stems, stalks thiab loj foliage. Ntxiv av yog muab tshem tawm thiab rhizome yog kom zoo zoo stratified mus rau hauv me qhov chaw.

Lub xub ntiag ntawm tua los yog buds nyob rau hauv txhua ntawm lawv yog obligatory. Ntoo ntoo tshauv yog siv los txiav cov kev txiav. Muab faib cov hauv paus hniav raug muab tso rau hauv ib qho tshwj xeeb av, uas muaj peev xwm yuav yuav ntawm ib lub paj khw.

Abandantly watering seedlings, lawv muab tso rau hauv qhov chaw nrog zoo illumination thiab chav tsev kub.

Cuttings (nplooj)

Qhov no yog txoj hau kev tshaj plaws rau propagate begonias. Nws yog siv vim muaj ntau qhov zoo:

  • yooj yim ntawm tua;
  • tau txais kev tshwm sim sai;
  • Preservation ntawm tag nrho cov varietal qhov tseem ceeb.
Rau kev luam tawm los ntawm hom no, koj tsuas yog xav tau kev txiav rau qhov cuttings ntawm qhov tsawg kawg yog 10 centimeters nyob rau hauv ntev, thiab nws tsis txawv ntawm lub Upper lossis nruab nrab ntawm lub pob tw. On qhov kov yuav tsum yog ob los yog peb buds.

Tom ntej, txiav tawm tag nrho cov foliage, tshwj tsis yog rau ib los yog ob lub Upper nplooj. Yog hais tias lawv loj dhau, nws yog tsim nyog txiav lawv me ntsis.

Laurel, thuja, Brugmania, plumeria, clematis, chrysanthemum kuj propagated by cuttings.
Tom qab ntawd rooting ntawm cuttings yuav siv qhov chaw. Yuav siv tau rau cov hauv paus los yog cov av. Qhov txawv yog tias thaum siv cov av, nws yog ib qhov tsim nyog los sprinkle ntoo tshauv nyob rau qhov chaw txiav thiab nws qhuav.

Rau rooting, cuttings yog muab tso rau hauv dej nyob rau ntawm chav tsev kub. Tsuas siv cov dej dawb xwb, kev siv zog los yog txias yuav ua kom puas tsuaj tom ntej cog. Chav tsev yuav tsum muaj qhov kub ntawm 19-21 degrees Celsius thiab lub teeb zoo tsis muaj lub hnub ci ntawm cov nroj tsuag.

Kev siv cov pob tshab yog pom zoo rau kev tswj xyuas lub xeev cov kev txiav.

Thaum rotting pom nyob rau hauv lub cuttings, tshiab tshooj yog ua thiab dej tshiab yog poured. Rov qab rau hauv cov av uas tsim nyog tshwm sim thaum uas ob-centimeter cov hauv paus hniav tuaj.

Rau rooting cuttings nyob rau hauv cov av, nws yog pom zoo kom yuav ib tug tshwj xeeb av sib tov nyob rau hauv ib lub tshwj xeeb khw. Raws li lwm txoj kev, koj tuaj yeem siv cov hmoov av thiab cov xuab zeb sib tov ua ke ntawm 1 mus rau 3. Rau kev ua kom zoo, nws yog qhov tsim nyog kom muaj cua kub hauv cheeb tsam ntawm 23-25 ​​degrees Celsius.

Lub peev xwm rau txoj kev no yog xaiv me me, yog li ntawd tsis tsuas yog lub hauv paus system tsim, tab sis kuj flowering tshwm sim. Peb xav kom kho qhov qis seem nrog kev pab los ntawm cov hauv paus kev loj hlob stimulating tshuaj. Tus tua yog muab tso rau hauv moist av mus rau nplooj. Tom qab ntawd lub khob ntim quav nrog lub hau, uas yog lub khob ntim quav los yog lub taub yas, koj yuav tsum tsis txhob cia cov nroj tsuag kov nws.

Qhov tseeb microclimate yuav tsum manifest nws tus kheej nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm condensate nyob rau saum npoo ntawm lub hau. Txhua hnub airing yuav ua rau muaj zog ntxiv ntawm lub paj. Tom qab germination ntawm tshiab nplooj cov nroj tsuag yog tsis them.

Koj puas paub? Nyob rau hauv lub Belgian paj festivals txhua txhua ob lub xyoos ua kom zoo nkauj ntawm ze li ib lab flowering begonias.

Los ntawm noob

Propagating begonia nrog noob tsis yog ib qho yooj yim ua hauj lwm. Qhov no tsuas yog ua tim khawv nkaus xwb los ntawm kev ceev cov kab mob ntawm paj ntoo. Noob yog muag hauv khw muag khoom tshwj xeeb. Cov nplej yog me me heev, yog li lawv tau them cov khoom siv yaj. Qhov zoo tshaj plaws lub sij hawm rau sowing yog thawj ob lub hlis ntawm lub xyoo thiaj li tau txais ib qho twb muaj zog paj los ntawm Autumn txias.

Yog hais tias cog nrog rau tuaj txog ntawm caij nplooj ntoos hlav, peb yuav tau txais tom qab flowering, thiab txij li thaum lub Plaub Hlis, lawv tsis qhia cog, vim hauv paus system tsis muaj txaus lub sij hawm tsim, tubers yuav heev me me, uas yuav ua rau tuag ntawm cov nroj tsuag.

Rau cog cov noob tsis haum yas thawv. Hauv qab no yog them nrog ib nrab-centimeter kua txheej thiab ib tug ntws raug ua. Nws yog pom zoo kom muab cov xuab zeb nrog rau hauv av hauv vaj huam sib luag. Tsis tas li ntawd haum yog ib tug homogeneous substrate, nyob rau hauv uas nplooj ntoos av, peat thiab xuab zeb yog hais txog li 2: 1: 1.

Cov av rau qee lub sij hawm ua ntej sowing yog me ntsis moistened. Cov noob txhawv kis mus rau saum npoo thiab txav me ntsis, tab sis tsis them nrog av. Lub hau yog ua los ntawm cov iav dawb los yog zaj duab xis, tswj kev tsim nyog ntawm cov av. Sprouts yuav tuag txawm nrog me ntsis qhuav ntawm cov av. Qhov kub ntawm chav tsev yuav tsum yog 20-25 degrees Celsius. Siv cov tshuaj tsuag los yog txaug dej kom tiv thaiv kom tsis txhob muaj cov noob me me los ntawm kev ntxuav tawm.

Tua yuav tshwm sim nyob rau hauv li ntawm ob mus rau ob lub lis piam nyob ntawm seb cov khoom ntawm cov khoom noob. Tom qab no yog nqa tawm lub rearrangement ntawm lub peev xwm nrog seedlings nyob rau hauv lub qhov rais sill, nyob qhov twg ib tug me ntsis txias. Ib tug loj xov tooj ntawm ci tawg rays ntawm lub hnub yuav cia ncab thiab strengthening ntawm begonia sprouts.

Yog hais tias huab cua yog pos huab, nco ntsoov siv lub teeb pom kev zoo. Ua li no, koj tuaj yeem ua tus ncej sab nraud ntawm qhov muag teeb pom kev zoo. Muab ib qho khoom uas nyias nyias nyob hauv ib lub hau ntawm lub hau kom cov qoob loo ntawm cov kua dej txias mus rau sab, tsis poob rau ntawm kev tua thiab tsis txov lawv.

Cua tank ib zaug ib hnub rau ib nrab ib teev. Tom qab peb lub lis piam, me me yub yuav tsum hlav nplooj tseeb. Lawv yuav tsum ua tib zoo zaum txhua ob peb centimeters thiab muab tso rau hauv lub thoob yas me. Cov av siv yog tib yam li thaum sowing.

Khaws cov duab ntawm lub keeb kwm, sprouts yog cog nyob rau hauv noo pits thiab watered ib me ntsis. Cov txheej txheem no rov ua dua ob peb zaug nrog kev nce qib dua, txhua zaus nce qhov nrug ntawm ob peb centimeters.

Pom zoo kom ob zaug rau ib lub hlis kom tshwj xeeb chiv mus tsim tawm paus kev loj hlob. Tom qab peb lub hlis los ntawm lub caij nyoog ntawm disembarkation, lub begonia yuav transplanted mus rau hauv pots los yog mus tas li qhov chaw nyob rau hauv lub vaj teb.

Kev kho mob rau cov noob nom noob tswv begonia

Lub teb chaws ntawm lub noob nom noob tswv begon yog kub tropics, thiab nws yog ib qhov tsim nyog yuav tsum paub txog lub hauv paus ntawm nws qhov chaw ntawm lub hauv paus rau kev tu nws hauv tsev.

Watering

Begonia prefers tsis ntub, tab sis ntub av. Nws yuav tsum tsis txhob qhuav, tab sis cov kua ntau dhau yuav tsuas ua kom raug mob. Watering yog pom zoo kom ua thaum ziab peb feem ntawm lub substrate, txau lub saum npoo.

Nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj no, lub nroj tsuag yog watered tsawg dua los yog siv ib tug txhaws tray, qhov twg lub keeb kwm lawv tswj hwm dej.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Nws yog tsis tsim nyog tias cov av tau qhuav mus rau xws li ib tug uas nws exfoliates los ntawm sab sab ntawm lub thawv. Yog hais tias qhov no tshwm sim, nws yuav tsum tau rov qab los rau cov av noo noo los ntawm kev txo cov nroj tsuag mus rau hauv lub tank nrog dej sov so rau 10-20 feeb, thiab tom qab ntawd ntws cov kua ntau dhau lawm.

Sab saum toj hnav khaub ncaws

Yog tias koj tsis ua cov khoom noj, ces koj yuav tsum tsis txhob suav rau ntawm kev nyiam ntawm begonias, nrog rau kev hu rau qhov kev tu mob kom tiav. Nrog lub advent ntawm caij nplooj ntoos hlav, thiab chaw pib ntawm kev loj hlob, lub paj xav tau ib txoj pub, muaj nitrogen, phosphorus thiab poov tshuaj. Nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov, nyob rau hauv thiaj li tsim stimulate qhov kev loj hlob ntawm rhizome, xws li pub mis alternated nrog phosphate chiv.

Pruning

Pruning begonias - ib tug yuav tsum tau ua kom loj hlob ib lub paj. Thaum lub tsev ntawm no nroj tsuag tshwm, nws yog ib qhov tsim nyog los pib ras thiab pruning. Cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov txheej txheem no yog raws li nram no:

  • Bloom kev txhim kho;
  • tswj cov cai ntawm qhov sib txawv ntawm qhov loj ntawm cov nroj tsuag hauv cov av thiab ntawm qhov chaw;
  • rejuvenating nyhuv thiab ntau zoo nkauj zoo nkauj.
Kev loj hlob ntawm begonias yog sai sai nrog ib tug sai ncab, yog li ntawd, nyob rau hauv tsis muaj seem, foliage txo, flowering nres, thiab lush attractiveness disappears.

Thawj lub sij hawm cov nroj tsuag yog txiav ntawm ib qhov siab ntawm xya mus rau yim centimeters. Nyob rau tib lub sij hawm, nws yog ua tau rau tsim ib lub crown nyob rau hauv daim ntawv no, ua nws ib tug Bush, ib tug pyramid, los yog ib lub pob. Tom qab pruning, watering txo kom txog thaum lub zog txoj kev loj hlob pib. Thaum cov nplooj tua raug tshaj, 10 centimetres raug txiav thiab lawv cov saum yog txiav tawm. Qhov no yuav positively cuam tshuam lub awakening ntawm lateral buds.

Thaum sib sau ib tug Bush ntawm ib tug hluas paj, nws tsuas yog tsim nyog los tswj tus mob ntawm begonias, mus rau tshem tawm cov curves los yog qhuav tawm tua.

Nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv ntawm ib qho kev saib xyuas thiab tsim ntawm ib tug unattractive nroj tsuag, qhov no muaj peev xwm raug kho los ntawm pinching qhov qis tua thiab saum. Yog hais tias qhov attractiveness ntawm cov nroj tsuag tsis tau rov qab, ces nws yog zoo dua rau re-paus nws.

Rau kev txiav siv xwb ntse riam, raws li txiab yuav ua rau raug mob rau begonias. Yuav kom tsis txhob purulent kev thiab accelerate kho, seem yog kho nrog ntoo tshauv los yog crushed thee.

Hloov

Kev hloov rau cov noob nom noob tswv begonias tsis txaus ntshai. Yog hais tias tsim nyog, rejuvenation ntawm cov nroj tsuag yog txiav tawm qis nplooj tsawg dua thiab txiav tawm tawm ntawm rhizome. Rhizome tob los ntawm 3-4 centimeters.

Nws yog ib qho tsim nyog kom rov qab tuaj yeem txhua lub sij hawm hauv lub peev xwm loj dua, tab sis feem ntau ntawm Rex begonia yog qhov txawv ntawm lawv cov luv luv thiab qhov loj tshaj tare me me rau lawv tsis pub tshaj 10 centimeters nyob rau hauv lub cheeb.

Koj puas paub? Lub tswv yim hais tias begonia muaj lub zog zoo, pab tiv thaiv kev nyuaj siab thiab muab cov neeg ib lub zog zoo heev yog nrov heev.

Kab mob thiab kab tsuag

Begonia cuam tshuam:

  • Cov tshuaj tua kab mob pwm dais (qhov ua kom zoo li tawg dawb thoob plaws tag nrho.) Txoj kev tiv thaiv kab mob yog kho cov tshuaj pleev ntawm Topaz hom fungicide, kom tiav pov tseg kom lawv rov qab kho dua tom qab ib los sis ob lub lim tiam);
  • txhawm rau cov nplooj thiab cov kab xwv kom tsis txhob tuag, nws yog ib qho tsim nyog yuav tsum tau muab tshuaj pleev ib feem ntawm Bordeaux sib tov los yog 0.2% Fundazole);
  • (qhov tshwm sim nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm daj thiab ntsuab thaj chaw ntawm cov nplooj ntoos raug mob, lub ntsiab concentration yog nyob rau rhizome, yog li ntawd, cov nroj tsuag kab mob yuav tsum tau muab tshem tawm kom muaj kev nyab xeeb ntawm lwm cov paj: Tus kab mob kis ntawm thrips thiab aphids, thiab lawv tshem tawm yuav tiv thaiv cov neeg zej zog los ntawm kev puas tsuaj);
  • Cov kab mob ua kom tsis muaj kabmob (thaum thawj kab npuas tshwm tuaj, nws thiaj li tig lub cev thiab muaj nplooj thiab paj.) Tshem tawm tus menyuam yaus thiab tiv thaiv kom tsis txhob muaj kev noj qab haus huv los ntawm kev kho ib nrab ntawm ib nrab ntawm cov tooj liab oxychloride ob zaug ib hlis);
  • nrog rau cov paj ntoo uas muaj pellet los ntawm lub cev ntawm cov nqaij mos uas muaj paug los ntawm cov paj hlwb uas muaj tshwm sim, uas yog tshwm sim los ntawm cov roj ntsha hauv lub cev thiab cov tsos mob ntawm cov qoob loo,
  • lub tsev ntsuab (white) (nws lub cev tso rau hauv nws cov qe hauv qab ntawm nplooj ntoo, lub paj poob nws cov xim.
  • lee nematode (tsom iav), ua rau lub cev tsis muaj zog, ua rau pom kev hauv cov paj thiab cov kab noj cua, pom cov hauv paus hniav, cov hauv paus pib tawg, begonia nres hauv kev loj hlob thiab tuag. los yog khov kho).
Koj puas paub? Begonia muaj peev xwm ua kom lim cov cua ntawm hmoov av tawm los ntawm cov khoom siv hluavtaws, txo cov kab mob pathogens thiab cov kab mob.
Tsis tas li ntawd kab laug sab mites thiab aphids raug mob nroj tsuag. Txhawm rau tiv thaiv kev puas tsuaj los ntawm cov kab xev, qub nplooj thiab paj tau raug tshem tawm. Yog hais tias muaj pov thawj ntawm qhov pib lesion, cov foliage rubbed nrog lub cev tshuaj tsis muaj zog. Muaj cov tshuaj tua kab ntau dua, cov tshuaj tua kab ("Nearon", "Fitoverma", sulfur, "Decis" thiab lwm tus) lossis cov dej qej (20 g ntawm dos yog defended nyob rau hauv ib lim piam ib lub lim piam thiab txau prostate 6-8 hnub ua ntej tshem tawm ntawm parasites).

Begonia yog nroj tsuag zoo nkauj heev, qhov chaw ua qoob uas yuav ua rau koj yog ib tus neeg tseem ceeb tiag tiag cog paj thiab yuav ua rau koj muaj txiaj ntsig zoo thiab muaj tus cwj pwm zoo.

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