Qoob loo ntau lawm

Cov lus pom zoo thiab cov lus qhia rau cog thiab tu Suav radish lobo

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Radish yog ib qho zaub nrog zaub noj qab nyob zoo thiab muaj kua zaub. Yog li ntawd, nyob rau hauv nws feem ntau faib chaw nyob rau hauv lub teb. Muaj txog li yim hom ntawm hom no teej tug mus rau hom ntawm radish (Raphanus sativus L.) ntawm Cruciferous tsev neeg. Cov tsiaj muaj xws li cov khoom noj txhua xyoo thiab biennial.

Nyob rau hauv daim ntawv qus loj hlob nyob rau hauv Tebchaws Europe, Western Asia thiab North Africa. Radish ntau yam yog muab faib rau European thiab Esxias (Sab Hnub Tuaj). Ntawm peb cov rooj thiab lub vaj, Cov neeg nyob sab Europe no feem ntau tshwm sim, thaum nruab nrab sab hnub tuaj, uas muaj ob hom - Japanese (daikon) thiab Suav (lobo), yog tsawg. Tab sis nyob rau hauv vain. Lawv zoo dua hauv saj, muaj cov hauv paus loj uas tsis muaj kev tu siab, thiab lawv kuj tsis tas yuav tshwj xeeb tu. Nyob rau hauv no tsab xov xwm peb yuav tham txog yuav ua li cas kom loj hlob lobo radish.

Koj puas paub? Pib, radish twb siv tsuas yog rau cov hom phiaj medicinal: nws tau siv rau hnoos thiab mob ntawm digestive ib ntsuj av, cov plaub hau poob. Los ntawm IV xyoo pua nyob rau hauv ancient tim lyiv teb chaws, nws pib noj raws li cov zaub.

Kev piav qhia ntawm radish lobo

Ua ntej, cia saib nws: Lobo radish - dab tsi nws yog thiab dab tsi nws yog noj nrog. Hauv paus cov qoob loo ntawm Suav hom yog loj, puag ncig los yog elongated. Lawv tuaj yeem ncav cuag ib pawg ntawm 500 grams thiab saum toj no (cov neeg tuav ntaub ntawv ntawm ob peb kilograms tsau). Hauv cov xim, lawv txawv: teeb thiab tsaus ntsuab, liab dawb, liab, ntshav, nyob rau sab saud - ib txwm ntsuab.

Lobo paus zaub saj succulent, muag heev, weakly taw, yam uas tsis muaj kev mob siab, uas yog cov European hom muaj ntau ntau mustard roj. Thaum noj tau zoo li lub saj ntawm radish.

Koj puas paub? Neeg Esxias cov qoob loo cov qoob loo tau noj tshiab, hau, stewed, salted, pickled thiab qhuav.
Lobo muaj lwm qhov zoo dua piv rau cov ntaub ntawv European - nws ua ntej lawm: hauv 60-90 hnub. Tab sis nws yog me ntsis zuj zus thiab ntev tsis ntev.

Nyob rau hauv cov nqe lus ntawm cov khoom noj muaj pes tsawg leeg, tag nrho cov radishes yog Attendance pab. Lawv raug nquahu kom siv txhua zaus los ntxuav lub raum thiab lub siab, kom tshem tawm cov cholesterol thiab kua dej ntau dhau ntawm lub cev, kom pub rau vitamin C. Radish keeb kwm muaj peev xwm normalize digestion thiab muaj cov kab mob bactericidal.

Lobo noob yog muag hauv khw muag khoom nyob rau hauv ntau lub npe: "Margilan radish", "Suav radish", "Lobo radish". Rau loj hlob nyob rau hauv peb cov climatic tej yam kev mob, feem ntau haum ntau yam Troyandova thiab Lebidi.

Ntau Tus Lebidi. Nws tau elongated dawb keeb kwm, ncav ib qho nruab nrab qhov ceeb thawj ntawm 520-580 g, nrog kev sib tw muaj kua nqaij. Tastes ntawm nplai dess yog cim nrog tsib lub ntsiab lus. Lub caij loj hlob yog 86-91 hnub. Tsim - 70-80 kg / 10 sq. m. Qhov no radish yuav khaws cia rau ib lub sij hawm ntev.

Ntau yam Troyandova. Nws muaj oval paus cov qoob loo ntawm liab tsos nqaij daim tawv, nrog ib tug nruab nrab hnyav ntawm 670-700 g, nrog muag pulp. Saj yog qab ntxiag, nws yog sau tseg hauv 4,9 cov ntsiab lus. Cov nroj tsuag yog 80-82 hnub. Productivity - 64-67 kg / 10 sq. m. Khaws cia ntev.

Yog Lobo radish thiab nws cov lus piav qhia koj, ces peb pom zoo kom paub txog nws cov cultivation thiab kev tu. Tam sim ntawd, peb nco ntsoov tias cov nroj tsuag yog unpretentious thiab txawm succumbs rau gardener novices.

Yuav ua li cas hlub radish lobo

Feem ntau, lobo tsis yog ib qho kev xav tau. Nws tsis muaj kev nyiam rau cov kab mob hauv av, lub teeb, kub. Qhov tsuas yog tshaj plaws uas nws nyiam tshwj xeeb yog qhov zoo ntawm cov av qeeg ntawm cov av thiab huab cua.

Suav lobo radish belongs rau txias-resistant nroj tsuag. Nws cov noob pib tawm ntawm qhov kub ntawm + 2 ... +3 ° C. Qhov zoo qhov kub rau qhov pom ntawm sprouts yog 20-25 ° C. Txawm li cas los, txawm yog cov tub ntxhais hluas tua tau hloov lub teeb cua txias rau -3 ... -4 ° C. Mature radish sawv ntsug ntawm -5 ... -6 ° C, tab sis tsis rau ntev. Cov qoob loo cog qoob loo pib ntawm + 5 ... + 25 ° C. Txawm li cas los, lawv loj hlob zoo tshaj nyob + 18 ... + 20 ° C.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Yog tias muaj kev sov siab ntev ntev, huab cua qhuav qhuav, cov hauv paus hniav tuaj yeem loj hlob, qhuav thiab iab los saj.

Qhov zoo tshaj plaws ntawm cov thawj ntawm radish lobo

Txij li ntawm lobo radish muaj tib cov kab mob thiab yog susceptible mus rau tib yam pests li lwm yam nroj tsuag ntawm nws cruciferous tsev neeg, nws yuav tsum tsis txhob yuav cog tom qab cabbage, radishes, thiab carrots, beets, horseradish. Qhov zoo tshaj plaws ntawm cov neeg ua ntej yuav qij, dos, qaub qaub, cov khoom qab zib, dill, qos yaj ywm. Nws muaj peev xwm yuav sown sai sai tom qab harvesting thaum ntxov cov qoob loo los yog cog nyob rau hauv kab nruab nrab ntawm qos yaj ywm, dos, cucumbers, lwm yam zoo li

Nyob rau tib qhov chaw uas Lobo radish los yog lwm cov ntoo nkag qoob loo, nws tuaj yeem cog tom qab peb lossis plaub xyoos.

Seb lub radish yog whimsical mus teeb

Radish nyiam loj hlob nyob rau hauv zoo-zes cov cheeb tsam, yog ib tug nroj tsuag ntawm ib tug ntev daylight sij hawm. Txawm li cas los xij, qhov no tsis yog qhov txiav txim siab rau nws txoj kev loj hlob zoo thiab muaj txiaj ntsim ntawm txoj kev vam meej.

Av qoob loo loj hlob radish lobo

Suav hom tuaj yeem tuaj yeem ua rau txhua hom av, tab sis nws zoo tshaj rau cov khoom noj uas muaj nplua nuj los ntawm cov nplua nuj lo lo loams los yog loams nrog nruab nrab acidity.

Koj puas paub? Lobo radish yog ib qho tseem ceeb vim yog lub siab cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov as-ham (vitamins, mineral ntsev, enzymes, carbohydrates, qhov tseem ceeb roj), kho thaj chaw, lub peev xwm los khaws nws cov saj rau ib lub sij hawm ntev thiab tsis deteriorate.

Cog Lobo radish

Lub site rau cultivation ntawm radish Lobo yuav tsum tau ua tib zoo ntxuav ntawm weeds thiab fertilize. Rau qhov hnav khaub ncaws ntawm cov av, humus (4-5 kg ​​/ 1 sq. M.), Ammonium nitrate thiab superphosphate (15-20 g / 1 sq. M.), Potassium chloride (5-10 g / 1 sq. M.) Siv. Tom qab fertilization, hauv av yuav tsum zoo khawb thiab dej.

Txij li thaum lobo yog ib tug ntau yam lig, nws yog zoo dua cog nws nyob rau hauv ob nqe lus: nyob rau hauv thawj xyoo caum ntawm Tej zaum, nyob rau hauv thawj zaug los yog ob xyoo caum ntawm Lub Xya hli ntuj.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Thaum thaum ntxov caij nplooj ntoos hlav sowing, thaum lub hnub yog tseem luv luv, muaj ib qho kev pheej hmoo tias cov nroj tsuag yuav mus rau qia thiab bypass lub theem ntawm tsim ntawm paus cov qoob loo.
Ua ntej, ua me me grooves uas zoo watered. Qhov ntev ntawm cov kab yuav tsum yog 45 cm, Sowing yog nqa tawm raws li 45 x 10 cm lub tswvyim Cov noob yuav tob rau hauv av los ntawm 1.5-2.5 cm, Tom qab ntawd lawv tau nphoo nrog lub ntiaj teb thiab maj mam npuaj nrog xib teg. Sown nyob rau ntawm tus nqi ntawm 3-5 g ntawm noob rau ib 1 square. m. Yuav kom ceev tau qhov germination ntawm cov qoob loo muaj peev xwm them nrog ib tug zaj duab xis.

Nyob rau hauv dej siab mob, thawj tua tshwm nyob rau hauv tsib hnub, tshaj - nyob rau hauv ib lub lim tiam. Nyob rau hauv lub neej yav tom ntej, seedlings yuav tsum tau thinning. Thawj lub sij hawm no tus txheej txheem yog nqa tawm nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm ntawm ob los yog peb tseeb nplooj, nyob rau hauv lub thib ob - nyob rau hauv ib lub hlis. Rau kev loj hlob zoo, cov nroj tsuag yuav tsum nyob ntawm qhov ntev ntawm 20 cm los ntawm txhua lwm yam.

Txij li thaum lub sij hawm no cov tub ntxhais hluas cov nroj tsuag tseem tsis tau raug tiv thaiv los ntawm qhov pib ntawm cov kab tsuag ntawm cov kab tsuag, xws li cov tshuaj tua kab los yog tshuaj tua hluav taws (los yog sib xyaw nrog cov tshauv nrog luam yeeb, tshauv nrog cov txiv qaub hauv 1: 1 ratio). Dusting nrog ashes yuav pib sai li sai tau thaum thawj sprout tshwm. Nws yuav siv lawv ob peb zaug. Yog tias koj xav tshuaj, koj siv tau Ridomil (10 g / 10 l dej), Decis (5 g / 10 l dej), Bi-58 (5 g / 10 l dej), thiab lwm yam. Kev siv ntawm kev ua haujlwm sib tov: 3 l / 100 sq. m

Yuav ua li cas tu rau radish lobo

Lobo tom qab cog yuav yuav ib me ntsis mloog, thiab kev saib xyuas rau nws yuav nyob rau hauv dej, fertilizer, loosening thiab weeding cov av, thiab tiv thaiv los ntawm pests.

Yuav ua li cas dej lub radish

Radish yog sensitive mus rau ib tug tsis muaj noo noo, yog li nws yuav tsum tau mus watered periodically. Yuav tsum tau ywg dej kom sov thiab sov.

Loos cov av dua li ib zaug ib lub lim tiam mus rau qhov tob ntawm 8-10 cm. Tsis txhob neglect weeding thiab cov nroj tsuag tshem tawm.

Nta ntawm Suav radish fertilizer

Nyob rau hauv cog radish lobo fertilizer yog siv ob peb zaug rau ib lub caij - nyiam dua peb los yog plaub zaug ntawm ua mib ntsig ntawm 10-15 hnub. Siv cov ntaub qhwv nitrogen-uas muaj. Lawv thawj koob tshuaj (nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm ntawm peb los yog plaub nplooj tiag) yog 15-20 g / 10 l dej.

Thaum ua tus txheej txheem rau lub sij hawm thib ob thiab thib peb, koj yuav tsum ntxiv cov chiv nrog cov poov tshuaj nyob rau hauv qhov muaj pes tsawg leeg. Koj tseem tuaj yeem ua rau superphosphate (10 g).

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Sab saum toj hnav ris tsho yuav tsum tau nrog los ntawm kev hnav khaub ncaws.

Kab Tsuag tswj kev noj haus radish lobo

Radish Lobo nrog kev ua cov ua liaj ua teb cog thiab tiv thaiv txau cov kab mob thiab kab tsuag. Txawm li cas los, qhov no tshwm sim. Nws muaj cov teeb meem tib yam li tag nrho cov ris tsho. Yog li, nws tuaj yeem tsim txom cov kab mob xws li kila, fusarium, bacteriosis.

Los ntawm cab cab mus tua nws txoj kev hlub Cruciferous flea beetles, rapeseed paj beetle, cabbage thiab sprout flies, cabbage thiab rape kab, lwm yam zoo li

Cruciferous mub - ib qho ntawm feem ntau txaus ntshai pests, vim hais tias lawv muaj peev xwm ua kom tiav cov tub ntxhais hluas cov qoob loo nyob rau hauv ob peb hnub. Hibernate nyob rau hauv cov nroj tsuag khib nyiab thiab hauv av. Tawm mus rau kev puas tsuaj rau lub Plaub Hlis Ntuj. Noj nqaij, sib sau los ntawm qhov ntawm lawv.

Peb twb tau sau txog kev tiv thaiv sprinkling ntawm seedlings. Tsis tas li ntawd rau lub hom phiaj ntawm kev tiv thaiv, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau periodically plab cov av thiab sib ntaus nroj. Yog hais tias lub flea tseem tawm tsam radish, koj muaj peev xwm ua rau nws ntshai, pheej yaug cov nroj tsuag nrog cov kis ntawm wormwood, haus luam yeeb, thiab hmoov av nws nrog hluav tshauv. Cov txheej txheem ntawm no yuav siv li peb, nrog rau cov sijhawm 4-5 hnub.

Nrog ib tug loj heev swb tsis tau tso cai insecticides ua tsis tau. Txawm li cas los xij, kev kho tshuaj yuav tsum tau tso tseg tsawg kawg ib lub hlis ua ntej sau qoob.

Cov kev tiv thaiv tib yam yuav tsum tau siv thaum tua lwm cov kab. Nyob rau tib lub sij hawm sim pib nrog txoj kev maj: txau decoction thiab infusions ntawm insecticidal nroj tsuag, dusting nrog ashes, haus luam yeeb plua av, txiv qaub, thiab lwm yam.

Radish Lobo: Ntxawm

Hauv paus cov qoob loo ntawm radish Lobo yuav tsum tau muab tshem tawm ua ntej thawj Frost - qhov sau yog nqa tawm nyob rau hauv ob los yog thib peb xyoo caum ntawm Lub kaum hli ntuj. Yog hais tias frosts nrhiav Lobo nyob rau hauv cov av, nws muaj peev xwm significantly ua mob lub txiv hmab txiv ntoo. Radish keeb kwm yog rub los ntawm hauv av rau saum ntawm paj los yog chaw ua si mus siv shovels. Harvested radish nplooj yog haum rau pub tsiaj ua liaj ua teb. Nyob rau hauv radish, uas yog npaj rau lub caij ntuj no cia, nws yog ib qhov zoo dua tsis mus luas lub saum, tab sis twist. Nyob rau tib lub sij hawm, ib tug qia ntawm 2 cm yuav tsum nyob twj ywm.

Yuav kom Lobo ua kom nws saj thiab noj qab nyob zoo dua, nws yuav tsum muab cia rau hauv qab daus ntawm qhov kub ntawm + 2 ... +3 ° S thiab cov av noo ntawm 80-90%. Hauv qab cia siv cov thawv, xuab zeb, los yog nchuav lawv swb. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom tsis txhob khov zaub. Nrog kom zoo cia, radish lobo yuav kav mus txog rau thaum caij nplooj ntoos hlav.

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