Qoob loo ntau lawm

Yuav ua li cas cog thiab kev saib xyuas rau hellebore

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Tau ntev ntev, peb cov poj koob yawm txwv ntseeg tau tias hellebore ze ntawm lub tsev yuav tiv thaiv kev ua khawv koob thiab kev ua rog ntawm kev tsaus ntuj nti. Tom qab ntawd, nws tau pib ua ib qho txuj ci loj heev uas yuav pab kom kov yeej ntau yam kab mob, ua rau lub cev tau zoo thiab tseem pab daws cov teeb meem ntawm qhov hnyav tshaj.

Lub hellebore, qhov kev saib xyuas ntawm uas yog ua tau txawm rau ib qho kev pib xyaum ua gardener, blooms thaum ntxov thiab yog heev zoo nkauj. Rau qhov no nws tseem hu ua "Christmas Rose" los yog "Yexus Khetos sawv." Los ntawm tsab xov xwm koj yuav kawm txog dab tsi ntawm cov nroj tsuag hellebore, nws piav qhia thiab txhua yam txog nws.

Koj puas paub? Nrog kev pab los ntawm ib tus neeg hu ua hellebore, neeg cov neeg ntse yuav ua rau lawv lub cev hnyav los ntawm qhov tsim nyog hnyav.

Lub hellebore: ib qho kev piav qhia ntawm cov nroj tsuag

Nyob rau hauv qhov siab, lub paj hlob mus txog 50 cm Lub rhizome yog tuab thiab luv, thiab qia yog weakly branched. Basal foliage yuav ua tau leathery, ntev-petiolate, ntiv tes-dissected los yog tsis zoo li. Khob-zoo li hellebore paj yog tsim los ntawm lub qia ntawm ib tug ntev qia los ntawm Lub ib hlis ntuj mus rau thaum xaus. Yuav ua li cas yog mistaken rau paj petals yog sepals, thiab thawj twb hloov mus rau hauv nectaries thaum lub sij hawm evolution. "Rose of Christ" yog xim nrog cov xim dawb - daj, xim liab, paj yeeb, violet thiab txawm tias tus lej, yog li ntawd tus neeg hu ua hellebore zoo heev ntawm cov daus npog. Nws kuj muaj ob hom xim. Paj tau pom ob qho tib si nrog ib tus nplaim thiab nrog ib qho kev npau suav. Ua tsaug rau nws thaum ntxov blooming, lub vaj teb tau heev hlub los ntawm ntau gardeners, vim tom qab ib tug ntev txias thiab tsis muaj kob uas lub caij ntuj no, nws yog li qab ntxiag kom contemplate peb qhov chaw, decorated nrog ci paj. Lub hellebore, ntxiv rau nws cov cuab yeej tshwj xeeb rau Bloom ntxov tshaj li lwm cov paj, muaj qee qhov lwm qhov zoo, yog li nws yog tsis yooj yim sua kom tsis txhob hais txog lub siab lub caij ntuj no hardiness thiab drought tsis kam.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Cov neeg uas xav cog qoob loo nyob rau hauv lawv cov vaj yuav tsum ceev faj heev, raws li nws yog qhov zoo heev, zoo li tag nrho cov nroj tsuag ntawm buttercup tsev neeg!

Qhov chaw zoo tshaj plaws uas cog rau hauv hellebore nyob qhov twg?

Txij li thaum lub hellebore hlob zoo tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv shady cheeb tsam, nws yuav tsum tau cog nyob rau hauv shrubs, ntoo, mob rocky teb thiab pob zeb lub vaj. Lub paj zoo nyob rau hauv tshav ntuj chaw, piv txwv li, raws cov paths, nws tsuas yog tsim nyog yuav tsum attentive rau watering thiaj li hais tias nws tsis raug kev txom nyem los ntawm ntau heev drought. Nyob rau hauv lub crowns ntawm vaj ntoo, lub hellebore hlob mus rau hauv ib tug ntom shrub, sib sau loj clumps ntawm 70 stems txhua. Thiab tom qab flowering, xws li ib tug nroj tsuag tseem tseem qub dai kom zoo ntawm lub vaj teb los ntawm lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav rau lig Autumn. Yog tias koj txoj kev npaj khomob muaj xws li cov kab thiab cov ntug kev ua si, nco ntsoov tias lub hellebore hlob qeeb thiab hlob zoo duakuv Yuav kom ua tiav cov nyhuv, koj yuav tsum tau yuav ntau tshaj kaum nroj tsuag. Thaum cog ib tug hellebore, xav txog qhov deb ntawm qhov - 40 centimeters.

Koj puas paub? Lub hellebore hu ua "sawv ntawm Christ" vim hais tias raws li ib qho ntawm legends nws tau pom los ntawm Magi tom ntej mus rau qhov chaw uas Yexus Khetos yug. Nws yog los ntawm lub sij hawm uas Frost-ntoo Bloom nyob rau hauv sab qab teb nyob rau hauv nruab nrab ntawm lub caij ntuj no.

Loj hlob ntawm hellebore

Nyob rau hauv qhov tseeb, loj hlob ib tug hellebore tsis yog nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov nyuaj, tab sis nws subtleties yog tam sim no, nrog rau lwm cov buttercups.

Yuav ua li cas thiab thaum twg cog hellebore?

Nyob rau hauv ib qhov chaw, lub hellebore bushes ntsiag to loj hlob mus txog kaum xyoo, thiab nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb heev rau transplanting. Yog li ntawd, qhov chaw yuav tsum raug xaiv nrog txoj haujlwm loj. Qhov feem ntau haum av rau nws yog ntub, xoob, drained av nplaum nrog ib tug nruab nrab ras txog. Qhov zoo tshaj plaws hellebore zoo li thaum cog rau hauv pawg me me. Thaum flowering, nws ua ib lub kob me me nyob nruab nrab ntawm ib daus los yog dull lub chav pw tsaug zog. Lub hellebore, uas yog cog hauv lub Plaub Hlis thiab Lub Cuaj Hli, tsis yuam kom koj muab nws nrog kev ntsuag xyuas, zoo li lwm yam hniav los yog muag heev paj cog hauv qhib tua.

Koj puas paub? Nyob hauv Nruab Hnub nyoog, nws xav tias hellebore tiv thaiv ntawm cov txiv ntoo thiab kev ua khawv koob.

Tawb rau cog lub hellebore yog npaj nyob rau hauv qhov loj ntawm 30 cm³ thiab nyob ntawm ib tug deb ntawm 30-40 cm los ntawm txhua lwm yam. Qhov no yog tsim nyog los mus rau tus account rau deb nrog kev loj hlob ntxiv ntawm bushes. Ib nrab ntawm lub qhov tsoo yuav tsum tau sau nrog compost. Txo lub rhizome rau hauv lub qhov taub, tuav lub Bush nrog ib txhais tes, thiab nphoo nws saum lub hauv av, tamp thiab ncuav. Peb lub lis piam feem ntau thiab dej ntau ntawm lub cev.

Luam Hellebore

Lub frostbite multipoint vegetatively thiab generatively, tab sis feem ntau yog siv txoj kev yog cov noob ib. Noob yog sown sai li sai tau thaum lawv tau tua tom qab ripening. Raws li txoj cai, qhov no tshwm sim thaum kawg ntawm Lub Rau Hli. Lub hellebore yog sown mus rau ib tug tob ntawm 15 mm nyob rau hauv xoob, moist thiab humus av. Thawj tua tuaj thaum lub Peb Hlis rau xyoo tom ntej. Tom qab seedlings loj hlob, ib los yog ob khub ntawm nplooj tshwm. Tom qab ntawd, lawv yuav tsum tau dhia dej mus rau hauv ib lub paj txaj, uas yog nyob rau hauv lub penumbra. Muaj qhov hellebore yuav loj hlob tau li ob los yog peb lub xyoos. Paj pib tshwm thaum lub hellebore tau mus txog lub hnub nyoog peb, thaum cog thiab tu nws tau ua nyob rau hauv ib qho chaw mus tas li. Hloov cov nroj tsuag hauv lub Plaub Hlis los sis Lub Cuaj Hli.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Luam ntawm hellebore smelly tshwm sim rau tus kheej-sowing.
Zoo li lwm lub vaj paj, hellebore tuaj yeem tau propagated thiab Bush faib. Tom qab lub paj tau blossomed, nyob rau hauv caij nplooj ntoos hlav, tsib-xyoo-laus bushes yuav tsum tau dug tawm thiab muab faib ua ob peb qhov chaw. Kho cov tais nrog crushed thee thiab kis rau ntawm qhov, uas yuav tsum tau npaj ua ntej. Nyob rau lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav, dub hellebore yog propagated nyob rau hauv no txoj kev, thiab nyob rau hauv lub caij nplooj ntoos zeeg nws yog zoo dua ua nrog lub hellebore sab hnub tuaj.

Koj puas paub? Muaj pov thawj pom tau tias nyob rau hauv Russia lub hellebore twb tua rau cov export thaum ntxov raws li lub xyoo pua 17th.

Yuav ua li cas tu rau hellebore?

Nyob rau hauv kev txiav txim rau lub hellebore kom loj hlob zoo nkauj, tuab thiab bushy, kev saib xyuas rau nws yuav tsum tsis txhob yuav super-complex, nws yog txaus kom tshem tawm tag nrho cov laus thiab tuag nplooj. Qhov no yog koj tiv thaiv tau tus kab mob ntawm cov tub ntxhais hluas nplooj thiab buds nrog fungal blotch. Tshiab nplooj tshwm nyob rau lub freezer tsuas yog tom qab flowering. Tom qab lub paj qhuav, cov av nyob ib ncig ntawm lub hellebore yuav tsum tau mulled nrog peat thiab compost. Nyob rau hauv lub tshav kub, lub nroj tsuag yuav tsum tau watered tsis tu ncua, feem ntau loosening thiab weeding lub av ib ncig nws. Pub lub hellebore yuav tsum tau txhaj tshuaj ntxiv thiab pob zeb hauv av chiv ob zaug rau ib lub caij.

Koj puas paub? Lub Corsican ntau yam yog suav hais tias yog qhov zoo nkauj tshaj plaws hellebore. Nws ncav cuag ib qhov siab ntawm ib lub meter.

Pests thiab kab mob ntawm hellebore

Cov phom sij rau hellebore yog gastropods ntawm ntau yam - cov no yog slugs thiab snails, uas gnaw tawm nws cov nplooj, raws li tau zoo raws li aphids, caterpillars ntawm raj zoo mos thiab tis. Tshuaj lom neeg ntawm lub hauv paus raug siv tawm tsam tom kawg, uas tau muab tso rau hauv qhov chaw ntawm lawv liam. Slugs thiab snails raug tua los ntawm txhais tes, thiab kab tua los ntawm cov tshuaj tua kab. Tawm tsam aphids, Antitlin thiab Biotlin kev kho mob pab, thiab Aktellik tawm tsam caterpillars.

Koj puas paub? Thawj pav ntawm lub tsheb thauj neeg nyob hauv cov phau ntawv hnub los ntawm XVI caug xyoo nyob rau hauv kev sib txuas nrog nws siv raws li "tshuaj lom neeg ua tsov rog". Hnub no tus neeg mob hellebore tsis yog siv tshuaj.

Dangerous kab mob ntawm hellebore yog cuav powdery mildew, nplhaib me ntsis thiab anthracnose. Spotting kis tau aphid, qhov no yog qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws uas peb yuav tsum tsis txhob cia nws nyob hauv koj lub vaj. Qhov chaw ntawm cov nroj tsuag uas raug mob los ntawm spotting yuav tsum tau muab txiav thiab hlawv, thiab tom qab lub hellebore bushes thiab tag nrho cheeb tsam yuav tsum tau kho nrog fungicides.

Yuav kom nkag siab hais tias ib tug nroj tsuag cuam tshuam los ntawm anthracnose, ib tug muaj peev xwm saib dub-xim av me ntsis nrog ib tug pom lub nplhaib pom tshwm sim txawv tshwm nyob rau hauv foliage. Cuam tshuam nplooj yuav tsum tau muab tshem tawm, thiab tag nrho cov nroj tsuag yog kho nrog npaj los nrog tooj liab.

Lub hellebore, puas los ntawm downy mildew, ceases muab tshiab nplooj, tab sis cov neeg uas twb tau tshwm sim yog deformed thiab them nrog tsaus me ntsis nyob rau Upper sab ntawm nplooj, thiab nyob rau sab qis - nrog ib tug grey Bloom. Qhov feem cuam tshuam ntawm hellebore yuav tsum tau txiav thiab kev ua tiav nrog Previkur los yog tooj liab oxychloride. Nyob rau hauv qhov tseeb, hellebore yog heev resistant rau feem ntau cov pests, uas txhais tau hais tias koj yuav tsum tsis txhob txhawj txog ntawm cov nroj tsuag.

Nws tseem ceeb heev! Cov nroj tsuag no feem ntau raug rau cov kab tsuag thiab cov kab mob yog tias kev txig tsis zoo, kev saib xyuas tsis muaj nuj nqis thiab kev ua txhaum cai ntawm kev loj hlob, piv txwv li, hellebore tau cog rau hauv cov av uas muaj av zoo li acidic. Yuav tsum tsis txhob ntaiv, muab ib qho piv txwv ntawm cov av thiab hliv rau hauv cov xim dub. Dej cov av nrog vinegar. Yog hais tias tus npaus loj heev, nws txhais tau hais tias cov av hauv koj cheeb tsam yog alkaline, yog tias tsis ntau, ces cov av yog nruab nrab, tab sis yog hais tias nws tsis tuaj, thaj tsam yuav tsum tau muab pub nrog fluff txiv qaub, dolomite hmoov los yog ntoo tshauv.

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