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Kev zoo nkauj thiab kev txaus siab ntawm cheeb tsam Volga - Kua Anis Scarlet

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Anis Scarlet - ib qho ntawm lub siv tau thiab kom zoo zoo cultivated Lavxias ntau yam ntawm apples.

Qhov feem ntau nrov ntawm nws keeb kwm yog lub variant ntawm ib tug zoo ua ke ntawm ib tug cultivar imported thiab ib co hom ntawm Kua-wilderness uas loj hlob nyob rau hauv txoj cai bank ntawm lub Volga.

Qhov tseeb ntawm no version yog paub tseeb los ntawm kev zoo sib thooj ntawm cov duab ntawm nplooj, tua thiab tus qauv ntawm cov ntoo.

Tom qab ntawd koj yuav nyeem cov lus piav qhia ntawm Anis Scarlet ntau yam thiab pom cov duab ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab seb cov kua ntoo zoo li cas.

Zoo li cas?

Qhov ntau yam thaum lub neej nws kis tau thoob plaws hauv cheeb tsam Volga.

Yam dab tsi pab rau nws cov cim zoo heev ntawm lub caij ntuj no hardiness thiab drought tsis kam, ua tsaug rau qhov uas cov nkauj txhauv liab qab yog suav nrog cov kua ntoo lig Autumn ripening.

Los ntawm lub caij nplooj zeeg ntau ntau yam yog: Anise Sverdlovsk, Altai scarlet, sic Sanguineous, Borovinka, Volzhanka, Jonathan, Khoom noj qab zib Petrova, Ntev (Kitaika) Zhigulevskoye, Imrus, Calvillo daus, Kutuzovets, Junior naturalist, Assumption, Qab zib, Prima, Freshness, Pob zeb, Tshav ntuj, Bellefleur Kitayka, Cinnamon Striped, Cinnamon Tshiab.

Ntau qhov kev piav qhia Anis Scarlet

Xav txog cais cov tsos ntawm cov kua thiab nws cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo.

Tsob Ntoo:

  • Kev loj hlob nyob rau hauv kev nyab xeeb kub nyob rau hauv ua ke nrog keeb kwm ntawm "cov tsiaj qus" cov poj koob yawm txwv tso cai rau Anis loj tuaj mus rau ib qho zoo me me - ntawm nruab nrab 6-7 meters.
  • Lub crown ntawm tsob ntoo muaj dav thaij duabnws txoj kab uas nyob ntawm lub hauv paus tuaj yeem ua tau 7-8 meters.
  • Muaj zog, zoo tsim qia thiab medium loj zoo heev nplooj yog lub qe-puab nrog ib tug nplua nuj tsaus ntsuab xim.
  • Tsob ntoo pib fructify nyob rau hauv lub thib tsib xyoo ntawm kuv lub neej.

Txiv Hmab Txiv Ntoo:

  • Qhov loj ntawm lub txiv hmab txiv ntoo nyob ntawm lub hnub nyoog ntawm tsob ntoo: on cov txiv apples ntawm medium loj, nrog lub hnub nyoog ntawm lub tsob ntoo kua, lawv pib shrink.
  • Tus txheej txheem nyhav ntawm lub kua yog 80-100 g
  • Cov duab ntawm lub kua yog hloov, tus, Qee zaus muaj me ntsis ribbing.
  • Lub funnel rau lub qis qis yog dav, nrog txhais zoo qhov tob.
  • Qhov ci ntawm daim tawv nqaij ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog qhov sib, xim yog daj ntseg daj nrog ib qho zom zaws ploj ntawm liab plab. Cov xim yog du, tsis muaj meej kos cim los yog kab txaij, ua tib zoo them nrog tuab tuab wax lo.
  • On txiav, daim tawv nqaij yog daj ntseg greenish.
  • Cov nqaij ntawm ib lub kua muaj ib lub teeb ntsuab ntsuab.
  • Zoo li feem ntau lig-ripening ntau yam, cov nqaij yog dense, crunchy, nrog ib tug qhia tau qaub-Sweet saj nrog luag tsis muaj tsw.
  • Ripening apples nyob rau hauv thaum pib ntawm Autumn zoo kawg nkaus thauj thiab cia.

Diam duab







Kev yug me nyuam yav dhau los

Anise yog ib yam ntawm cov hiob ntau yam ntawm ennobled qus Volga Kua ntoo. Lub perennial cultivation thiab cultivation ntawm lub pob zeb on txawv xau pub peb tsim ntau tshaj tsib caug txawv anise ntau yam.

Txij thaum xaus ntawm lub xyoo pua thib kaum, ntau ntau hom kev sib txuas ntawm khaub lig ntaws nrog lub zos hauv hav zoov tau qhia nyob thoob ntiaj teb kev pom ntawm cog qoob loo thiab txiv hmab txiv ntoo hlob hauv Russia.

Niaj hnub no, ntshiab ntau yam ntawm Anis Scarlet (raws li lub Xeev Sau npe) pom muaj tsuas yog nyob rau hauv North-West, Volga-Vyatka, Nroog Volga thaj av.

Loj hlob thaj av

Anis Scarlet yog feem ntau yog nyob rau hauv lub teb ntawm Volga cheeb tsam, tab sis ua tsaug rau nws zoo adaptive zoo nws yog ib qho yooj yim mus kho rau txhua tus Lavxias teb sab cheeb tsam, nrog tsuas yog sab qaum North.

Cov ntoo zam txias thiab drought, tsis tas yuav tshwj xeeb av cov av (tab sis nrog rau noj pub mis rau cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog cov ntau dua thiab cov txiv neej) thiab ntse tau zoo txawm nyob hauv cheeb tsam cuam tshuam los yog mountainous.

Cov khoom zoo no yog vim li cas zoo tsim lub hauv paus systemtab tom nrhiav rau hauv qhov tob tob mus txog rau peb moos. Frost kuj los ntawm liab plab anise yog ib qho ntawm ntau tshaj ntawm cov fellows.

Rau cog nyob rau hauv cov cheeb tsam no yog tsim ntau ntau yam Antonovka Khoom noj qab zib, Aelita, Anis txaij, Grushovka caij ntuj no, Kuibyshev, Kua dab dej sov, Lobo, Yandykovskoe, Jubilee Moscow Stroevskoe, Christmas, Rossosh, North Sinap, nco Ulyanischeva, Reinette Simirenko, Pob tsuas, Liab Early , Quinty, Lub Xya hli ntuj Chernenko, Rennet Chernenko, Isetskoe tom qab.

Tawm

Nrog rau kev kho kom zoo, tsob ntoo loj hlob ntawm fertile av los yog nrog txhua xyoo sab saum toj hnav khaub ncaws. thib tsib xyoo muab tau ntawm 200 txog 300 txiv hmab txiv ntoo.

Nyob hauv ib qho kev hnyav, nyob ntawm thaj chaw, cov paib yuav yog ntawm 100 rau 230 kg.

Cia tej yam kev mob

Anis Scarlet, zoo li lwm tus Autumn ntau yam, tsis poob qhov kev nthuav qhia kom txog rau thaum xaus ntawm lub Kaum Ob Hlis - nruab nrab Lub ib hlis ntuj.

Ceev cia yuav tsum tau ua raws li ob peb yam kev cai:

  • Kua harvesting yog nqa tawm tsuas yog nyob rau hauv qhuav huab cua;
  • npaj cov txiv apples yuav tsum tsis txhob muab ntxhua los yog so, raws li qhov no yuav tshem tawm cov txheej txheem ntawm kev tiv thaiv ntuj;
  • thawv tuaj yeem pab ntoo thawv, raug rau hauv qhov chaw txias;
  • txhua txheej tshiab ntawm apples yog tso nrog pastry parchment;
  • Koj tuaj yeem tua cov kab uas tsis xyaw kom tsis txhob ntub qis los ntawm kev ntxiv qe kua qoob loo.

Kev cog thiab kev kho mob

Yuav kom lub kua txiv ntoo muab cov qoob loo zoo thiab tsis raug mob, nws yuav tsum ua raws li cov lus pom zoo.

Rau kev vam meej ntawm Anis Scarlet, nws yog ntshaw kom xaiv fertile xau on ib hnub ci ntu ntawm av.

Pits rau seedlings yuav tsum loj txaus nrog sheer phab ntsa, 1-1.25 cm dav, 0.5-0.6 m sib sib zog nqus.

Chiv thiab ntxiv pub rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm 25-35 kg ntawm rotted manure thiab me ntsis superphosphate nrog ntoo tshauv.

Thaum cog Kua seedlings, nroj tsuag yuav tsum tau teem kom paus caj dab yog 10 cm saum toj no hauv av. Tom qab cog, cov nroj tsuag yog kom zoo zoo watered.

Kua ntoo yog cov kab lis kev cai, tsis xav tau kev pab tshwj xeeb. Txawm li cas los xij, muaj ntau txoj cai uas yuav tsum tau ua raws li, xav ua kom cov yields ntxiv.

Ib qho ntawm cov ntsiab lus tseem ceeb ntawm kev saib xyuas rau Anis yog qhov yuav tsum ua kom tiav cov dej, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv thawj xyoo ntawm lub neej, thaum lub hauv paus system tsis tau raug tsim tag nrho.

Thawj watering yuav tsum tau ua tom qab lub sij hawm flowering, rov ua dua qhov txheej txheem ib zaug ib lub lim tiam.

Nyob rau hauv nruab nrab Kua txaus 20-25 liv dej rau ib qhov dej, tab sis lub ntim ntawm cov kua yuav nce thaum lub caij kub, qhuav.

Nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj no, lub nroj tsuag yuav tsum raug khi, raws li nws tiv thaiv tawm tsam loj heev frosts thiab nas. (txawm li ntawd los, tom qab frostbite, anise ceev nrooj recovers).

Yuav kom nce lub tawm los, nws yog ib qhov tsim nyog los rau periodically rau crown thiab thov organic chiv.

Kab mob thiab kab tsuag

Anise Scarlet yuav raug rau tib cov kab mob raws li feem ntau cov kua qoob loo hauv nruab nrab.

Qhov no yog:
Mealy dew - whitish quav hniav uas cuam tshuam cov tub ntxhais hluas tua, nplooj thiab buds. Tus cwj pwm kev loj hlob ntawm tus kab mob no ua rau ziab tawm thiab ntog tawm ntawm ob qho tag nrho nplooj thiab ovaries.

Koj tuaj yeem kov yeej tus kab mob no los ntawm kev siv colloidal leej faj kua txawm yog tshuaj "Skor" thiab "Topaz".

Scab - Ib tug kab mob hu ua fungal uas tshwm sim thaum uas ntev li ntawm cov av noo thiab huab cua stagnation. Scab cuam tshuam ob nplooj thiab cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm tsob ntoo. Manifested nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm xim av me ntsis rau ntawm nplooj thiab txiv hmab txiv ntoo.

Koj tuaj yeem tshem ntawm kev siv cov khoom kho yas urea los yog tooj liab oxychloride caij nplooj ntoos zeeg lossis caij nplooj ntoos hlav kom txog thaum lub tsos ntawm ovary buds.

Anise scarlet yog hlub los ntawm Lavxias teb sab gardeners rau unpretentiousness, tsis kam mus rau tsawg lub caij ntuj no kub thiab zoo tus kab mob tsis kam.

Txawm hais tias qhov no muaj ntau yam tsis muaj lub siab tawm los, qhov no disadvantage yog compensated los ntawm lub zoo heev muaj kua saj ntawm lub txiv hmab txiv ntoo.

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