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Pub turkeys nyob rau tom tsev: lub tswv yim rau cov neeg tshiab

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Lub koom haum ntawm kom noj qab haus huv ntawm turkeys nyob rau hauv tsev neeg yog qhov tseem ceeb rau high tsim tau ntawm no noog. Kev noj haus ntawm ib tug qaib cov txwv yuav txawv ntawm ntau theem ntawm nws cov ntsiab lus thiab ntawm ntau lub sijhawm ntawm lub xyoo. Cia peb to taub cov yam ntxwv ntawm kev noj cov tsiaj nyeg laus.

Yuav ua li cas pub rau cov neeg laus qaib

Qhov kev noj haus ntawm nqaij qaib yuav tsum tau raws li nws xav tau kev pab rau cov proteins, amino acids, cov rog, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins thiab minerals. Cov nyob tus yeees ntawm pub, uas muab cov noog nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj no, yog me ntsis txawv los ntawm nyob tus yeees ntawm lub caij ntuj sov pub. Nyob rau hauv cov khoom noj khoom haus qaib cov txwv, ntau lub cheebtsam faib rau thaj tsam li no:

  • grain cov qoob loo (qoob loo, oats, barley, pobkws, peas, thiab lwm yam) - txog li 70% ntawm tagnrho loj ntawm cov khoom txhua hnub;
  • grated zaub (carrots, beets, cabbage, boiled qos yaj ywm, thiab lwm yam) - txog li 15%;
  • tshuaj ntsuab, ob qho tib si tshiab thiab qhuav (alfalfa, clover, thiab lwm yam) - txog li 5%;
  • fodder poov - tsis tshaj li 5%;
  • cov khoom muaj calcium (chalk, plhaub pob zeb, thiab lwm yam) - txog li 4%;
  • ntses pluas mov - mus txog 3%;
  • nqaij thiab pob txha noj mov - mus txog 3%;
  • sunflower noj mov los yog soybean noj mov - txog li 1%;
  • ua ntej - txog li 1%;
  • edible ntsev - li 0.5%.

Lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav thiab lub caij ntuj sov

Ib cag ntawm cov khoom noj tshwj xeeb, qhov tshaj plaws yog kev noj haus ntawm cov ntub mash. Rab yog sib tov ntawm ob peb yam (feem ntau yog crushed grain) nrog ntxiv ntawm cov dej. Ua piv txwv, koj tuaj yeem npaj qhov paj no:

  • crushed barley - 40%;
  • crushed oats - 20%;
  • crushed pob kws lis - 20%;
  • nplej txhuam - 15%;
  • ncuav mog qab zib hnub ci - 5%
Pom zoo tias qaib cov txwv yuav tsum tau muab cov khoom noj kom haum thiab ntau hom khoom noj. Nyeem txog yuav ua li cas ua ib qho kev noj haus rau turkeys nyob rau tom tsev.
Tag nrho cov no yog tov, salted, ib co ntses noj mov thiab chalk ntxiv, dej ntxiv rau moisten. Boiled crushed qos yaj ywm (li 15% ntawm qhov hnyav ntawm qhov sib tov) thiab cov zaub tshiab (li 5%) ntxiv rau qhov sib tov sib xyaw. Daim ntawv qhia tau hloov, piv txwv, siv buckwheat es tsis txhob oats los yog grated tshiab carrots es tsis txhob qos yaj ywm.

Nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj no

Nyob rau lub sij hawm no ntawm xyoo turkeys yog pub peb zaug ib hnub twg. Kev noj haus caij ntuj no muaj qee qhov txawv ntawm lub caij ntuj sov, uas yog:

  • cov zaub ntsuab tshiab yog hloov los ntawm cov nyom hmoov los yog chopped nyab, qhuav brooms ua los ntawm nettle, linden los yog birch ceg tau ua haujlwm zoo;
  • Yuav kom saturate lub cev ntawm cov noog nrog vitamin C, Pine, fir los yog spruce koob ntxiv rau cov khoom noj (kwv yees li 10 grams ib tug neeg);
  • tsis muaj lwm cov vitamins ntxiv nrog cov fodder poov los yog germinated lis;
  • nws yog heev txaus los ntxiv grated qab zib beets los yog taub rau pub thaum lub sij hawm no;
  • ib co gravel ntxiv rau pub, qhov no saib xyuas kev zom zaub mov rau cov noog.

Qhov txawv nyob rau hauv pub turkeys nyob rau hauv txawv lub sij hawm

Kev noj haus ntawm turkeys nws muaj nws tus yam ntxwv nyob rau hauv txawv lub sij hawm ntawm lub neej phaum ntawm no noog, namely: nyob rau theem tsim, thaum lub sij hawm yug me nyuam thiab nyob rau hauv txoj kev ntawm pub cov noog ua ntej slaughter. Xav txog cov cwj pwm noj ntawm cov noog hauv txhua lub sij hawm no ntxiv.

Ib qho ntawm cov kev mob rau txoj kev loj hlob zoo thiab kev loj hlob ntawm cov noog yog qhov dej nyob hauv lawv qhov chaw. Nyeem txog yuav ua li cas kom lawv tus kheej drinkers rau turkeys.

Thaum lub sij hawm tso lub sij hawm

Yuav kom paub meej zoo tsim tau ntawm turkeys, fertilization thiab hatchability ntawm qe, balanced pub yog yuav tsum tau. Qhov kev kwv yees ntawm cov mixtures hauv lub sijhawm no yog raws li nram no:

  • grain - txog li 65%;
  • bran - txog li 10%;
  • ncuav mog qab zib lossis pluas mov - txog 10%;
  • ntses los yog nqaij thiab pob txha noj - txog li 8%;
  • cov zaub ntsuab los yog zaub (dua li cov av qaub los yog cov nplooj lwg) - txog li 10%;
  • chalk los yog plhaub pob zeb - mus txog 5%.
Kev noj zaub mov noj yog raws li nram no: ob zaug ib hnub, thaum sawv ntxov thiab noj su, cov noog tau muab ntub mash, hos so lub sij hawm yuav tsum tau noj cov zaub mov hauv chaw pub dej.

Cov neeg ua liaj ua teb yuav tsum ua tib zoo saib seb cov qoob noob nyoog pib li cas, yuav ua li cas qe qe hauv qaib cov txwv, thiab tseem nyeem txog cov txiaj ntsim thiab kev tsim txom ntawm cov qe qaib cov txwv.

Nyob rau hauv pab pawg neeg lub sijhawm

Thaum lub sij hawm no, tus cwj pwm ntawm cov cwj pwm hloov, lawv qab los noj mov. Yuav kom tiv thaiv kom tsis txhob muaj qhov hnyav ntawm qhov hnyav tau los ntawm cov txiv neej, qee cov kev hloov yog ua rau cov khoom noj ntawm cov noog. Hauv particular, cov qoob loo ntawm leguminous cov qoob loo, cov zaub ntsuab thiab zaub (tsuas yog cov carrots thiab beets) nce, tsev cheese yog ntxiv rau pub, thiab nqaij thiab pob txha noj mov los yog ntses noj mov yog tas ntxiv rau pub.

Fattening rau slaughter

Feem ntau nce fattening ntawm turkeys pib 25-30 hnub ua ntej slaughter. Thaum lub sij hawm no, lub noog yog pub me ntsis ntawm ib lub sij hawm, thaum sawv ntxov thiab yav tav su nws raug pom zoo muab nws ntub mash, thaum yav tsaus ntuj - ib lub cereal sib tov. Ntxiv rau, yog tias ua tau, cov nqaij khib nyiab ntxiv rau pub rau noj (lawv yog pob hau), nrog rau cov pob hau qhob noom los yog walnuts (kwv yees li 50 grams ib hnub twg) - qhov no yuav ua kom cov nqaij qaib zoo dua qub.

Tsis tas li ntawd, hom hmoov nplej yog ntxiv rau pub (txog li 10%). Qee tus poultry ua liaj ua teb pom zoo kom muab qaib ntxhuav sawv ntsug, kwv yees li 250 gram ib hnub twg. Tseeb, koj yuav tsum muab koj ob txhais tes tso rau hauv pob tw rau hauv cov noog ntawm tus kaus ncauj, uas tsis yooj yim los ua tsis tau qee yam kev paub.

Pib, qhov pub ntawm pub rau turkeys pub rau nqaij tseem tib yam (rau ib tus neeg laus nws yog kwv yees li ntawm 400 grams ntawm ib hnub), tsuas yog nws hloov cov kev hloov, raws li piav saum toj no. Tab sis maj cov noog pib ntawm kev txav, thiab 5 hnub ua ntej slaughter nws yog ntshaw rau immobilize nws.

Koj puas paub? Qaib ntxhw yog qhov loj tshaj plaws thib ob qaib tom qab lub qaib ntxhw. Qhov hnyav ntawm tus txiv neej laus ntawm ib co qaib cov txwv qaib cov txwv tuaj yeem ncav cuag 30 kg.

Ua ke nrog cov kev ntsuas, nce txhua hnub ntawm qhov pub mus txog 800-850 grams. Kom ceev cov txheej txheem ntawm qhov hnyav nce siab yuav pab tshwj noj khoom noj.

Vitamin thiab ntxhia tshuaj

Raws li xws li additives, industrial khoom siv tau - cov no yog tshwj xeeb protein-ntxhia vitamin tshuaj (BMVD). Lawv siv raws li cov lus qhia. Tab sis, ntxiv rau, cov hauv qab no yog siv los ua ib qho ntawm cov vitamins thiab minerals uas tseem ceeb:

  • poov thiab germinated grain yog ib qhov ntawm cov vitamins A, B, E, H;
  • koob, thiab zoo li qhuav brooms ntawm nettle, birch, linden - ib qhov chaw ntawm vitamin C nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj no;
  • ib qho zoo ntawm vitamin ntxiv yog quav nyab los ntawm alfalfa los yog clover (vitamins A, C, B, P);
  • nqaij thiab pob txha noj mov thiab ntses pluas mov muab lub cev ntawm tus tsiaj nrog phosphorus, potassium, calcium thiab amino acids;
  • ntsev yog qhov chaw ntawm sodium;
  • chalk, plhaub pob zeb, eggshell - qhov chaw ntawm calcium.

Yuav ua li cas yog tias cov noog tsis nce phaus

Qee zaum, qaib cov txwv tsis pub nyhav. Ua ntej koj yuav tsum paub tias qhov no yog ib qho kev tshwm sim ntawm tus kab mob.

Yog tias cov tsos mob ntawm cov kab mob tsis paub, nws yog ib qhov tsim nyog los soj ntsuam cov xwm txheej ntawm lawv vaj tse - tus noog no yog nkag siab txog qhov ntsuas kub thiab qhov av nyob hauv chav tsev, muaj qhov zoo qhov cua. Yog hais tias tej yam kev mob yog nyob deb ntawm qib siab, turkeys poob lawv qab los noj mov thiab, qhov thiaj li, lawv qhov hnyav.

Nws tseem yuav siv tau rau koj kom paub yuav ua li cas kom noj cov poults, thiab tau nyeem txog yuav ua li cas yuav ua rau kev noj haus ntawm cov poults txhua hnub qaib ntxhw nyob hauv tsev.

Tsis tas li ntawd, qhov laj thawj ntawm kev siv lub cev nce zuj zus tuaj yeem yog ib qho uas tsis muaj kev sib luag ntawm cov khoom noj - qhov yuav tsum tau ua tib zoo soj ntsuam thiab, yog tias tsim nyog, hloov kev noj haus. Ib tug zoo qab los noj mov yog tis ntsuab dos. Nws yog qhov zoo dua rau ntxiv rau khoom noj thaum sawv ntxov thiab yav tsaus ntuj.

Tshaj li koj tuaj yeem tsis pub qaib cov txwv

Muaj cov khoom uas yuav tsum tsis txhob muab rau qaib cov txwv:

  • txhua yam khoom noj tuaj;
  • soured ntub mash;
  • qee hom tshuaj ntsuab (belladonna, cycuta, hemlock, qos yaj ywm rosemary);
  • noj qab ntsev lossis qab qab zib (piv txwv li, khoom qab zib).

Nws yog lub npe hu tias qaib cov txwv nqaij yog zoo heev thiab nyob rau tib lub sijhawm qis-calorie. Peb qhia koj kom xav txog tag nrho cov yam ntxwv ntawm kev loj hlob turkeys rau nqaij.

Qaib ntxhw yog cov xim zoo nkauj txog kev noj haus. Lawv yuav tsum tau noj cov khoom noj khoom haus thiab kev noj haus thaum txog tib lub sijhawm. Tab sis, xaiv cov khoom noj zoo tshaj plaws rau cov noog no yog ib qho yooj yim, vim hais tias cov khoom uas ua tau li ib cov qaib cov txwv qaib cov txwv.

Yog hais tias peb yuav tsum mus rau hauv tus account tag nrho cov nuances ntawm pub, raws li tau zoo raws li tsim nyog tej yam ntawm vaj tse, ces yuav tsis muaj teeb meem nrog pub mis no noog.

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